• 1
    Edwards DR, Denhardt DT. A study of mitochondrial and nuclear transcription with cloned cDNA probes. Changes in the relative abundance of mitochondrial transcripts after stimulation of quiescent mouse fibroblasts. Exp Cell Res 1985; 157: 127143.
  • 2
    Tso JY, Sun XH, Kao TH, Reece KS, Wu R. Isolation and characterization of rat and human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase cDNAs: genomic complexity and molecular evolution of the gene. Nucleic Acids Res 1985; 13: 24852502.
  • 3
    Warburg O. On the origin of cancer cells. Science 1956; 123: 309314.
  • 4
    Alexander M, Curtis G, Avruch J, Goodman HM. Insulin regulation of protein biosynthesis in differentiated 3T3 adipocytes. Regulation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. J Biol Chem 1985; 260: 19781985.
  • 5
    Matrisian LM, Rautmann G, Magun BE, Breathnach R. Epidermal growth factor or serum stimulation of rat fibroblasts induces an elevation in mRNA levels for lactate dehydrogenase and other glycolytic enzymes. Nucleic Acids Res 1985; 13: 711726.
  • 6
    Tokunaga K, Nakamura Y, Sakata K, Fujimori K, Ohkubo M, Sawada K, Sakiyama S. Enhanced expression of a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene in human lung cancers. Cancer Res 1987; 47: 56165619.
  • 7
    Schek N, Hall BL, Finn OJ. Increased glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene expression in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Cancer Res 1988; 48: 63546359.
  • 8
    Arcari P, Martinelli R, Salvatore F. The complete sequence of a full length cDNA for human liver glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: evidence for multiple mRNA species. Nucleic Acids Res 1984; 12: 91799189.
  • 9
    Bhatia P, Taylor R, Greenberg AH, Wright JA. Comparison of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and 28S-ribosomal RNA gene expression as RNA loading controls for northern blot analysis of cell lines of varying malignant potential. Anal Biochem 1994; 216: 223226.
  • 10
    Long EO, David IB. Repeated genes in eucaryotes. Ann Rev Biochem 1980; 49: 727764.
  • 11
    Erickson JM, Rushford CL, Dorney DJ, Wilson GN, Schmickel RD. Structure and variation of human ribosomal DNA. molecular analysis of cloned fragments. Gene 1981; 16: 19.
  • 12
    Barbu V, Dantry F. Northern blot normalization with 28S rRNA oligonucleotide probe. Nucleic Acids Res 1989; 17: 71157117.
  • 13
    Gonzalez IL, Gorski JL, Campen TJ, Dorney DJ, Erickson JM, Sylvester JE, Schmickel RD. Variation among human 28S ribosomal RNA genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1985; 82: 76667670.
  • 14
    Chirgwin J, Pryzbyla A, MacDonald R, Rutter W. Isolation of biologically active ribonucleic acid from sources enriched for ribonuclease. Biochemistry 1979; 18: 52945299.
  • 15
    Sambrook J, Fritsch EF, Maniatis T. Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1988: 743745.
  • 16
    Edwards DR, Parfett CL, Denhardt DT. Transcriptional regulation of two serum-induced RNA's in mouse fibroblasts: equivalence of one species to B2 repetitive elements. Mol Cell Biol 1985; 11: 32803288.
  • 17
    Gonzalez IL, Gorski JL, Campen TJ, Dorney DJ, Erickson JM, Sylvester JE, Schmickel RD. Variation among human 28S ribosomal RNA genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1985; 22: 76667670.
  • 18
    Birnbaum MJ, Haspel HC, Rosen OM. Transformation of rat fibroblasts by FSV rapidly increase glucose transporter gene transcription. Science 1987; 235: 14951498.
  • 19
    Flier JS, Mueckler MM, Usher P, Lodish HF. Elevated levels of glucose transport and transporter messenger RNA are induced by ras or src oncogenes. Science 1987; 235: 14921495.