SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Shinagawa T, Ohto M, Kimura K, Tsunetomi S, Morita M, Saisho H, Tsuchiya Y, et al. Diagnostic and clinical features of small hepatocellular carcinoma with emphasis on the utility of realtime ultrasonography: a study of 51 patients. Gastroenterology 1984; 86: 495502.
  • 2
    Sheu JC, Sung JL, Chen DS, Yu JY, Wang TH, Su CT, Tsang YM. Ultrasonography of small hepatic tumors using high-resolution linear array real-time instruments. Radiology 1984; 150: 797802.
  • 3
    Ohnishi K, Nomura F. Ultrasonic Doppler studies of hepatocellular carcinoma and comparison with other hepatic focal lesions. Gastroenterology 1989; 97: 14891497.
  • 4
    Ohnishi K, Tanabe Y, Ryu M, Isono K, Yamamoto Y, Usui S, Hiyama Y, et al. Prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma smaller than 5 cm in relation to treatment: study of 100 patients. Hepatology 1987; 7: 12851290.
  • 5
    Arii S, Tobe T. Results of surgical treatment: follow up study by Liver Cancer Study Group of Japan. In: TobeT, KamedaH, OkudairaM, OhtoM, EndoY, MitoM, OkamotoE, et al., eds. Primary liver cancer in Japan. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992: 243255.
  • 6
    Makuuchi M, Kosuge T, Takayama T, Yamazaki S, Kakazu T, Miyagawa S, Kawasaki S. Surgery for small liver cancers. Semin Surg Oncol 1993; 9: 298304.
  • 7
    Iwatsuki S, Starzl TE, Sheahan DC, Yokoyama I, Demetris AJ, Todo S, Tzakis AG, et al. Hepatic resection versus transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Ann Surg 1991; 214: 221229.
  • 8
    Bismuth H, Chiche L, Adam R, Castaing D, Diamond T, Dennison A. Liver resection versus transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients. Ann Surg 1993; 218: 145151.
  • 9
    Pichlmayr R, Weimann A, Ringe B. Indications for liver transplantation in hepatobiliary malignancy. Hepatology 1994; 20: 33S40S.
  • 10
    Yamada R, Sato M, Kawabata M, Nakatsuka H, Nakamura K, Takashima S. Hepatic artery embolization in 120 patients with unresectable hepatoma. Radiology 1983; 148: 397401.
  • 11
    Takayasu K, Shima Y, Muramatsu Y, Moriyama N, Yamada T, Makuuchi M, Hasegawa H, et al. Hepatocellular carcinoma: treatment with intraarterial iodized oil with and without chemo-therapeutic agents. Radiology 1987; 163: 345351.
  • 12
    Matsui O, Kadoya M, Yoshikawa J, Gabata T, Aral K, Demachi H, Miyayama S, et al. Small hepatocellular carcinoma: treatment with subsegmental transcatheter arterial embolization. Radiology 1993; 188: 7983.
  • 13
    Sugiura N, Tanaka K, Ohto M, Okuda K, Hirooka N. Treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma by percutaneous injection of ethanol into tumor with real-time ultrasound monitoring. Acta Hepatol Jpn 1983; 24: 920 (in Japanese).
  • 14
    Livraghi T, Salmi A, Bolondi L, Marin G, Arienti V, Monti F, Vettori C. Small hepatocellular carcinoma: percutaneous alcohol injection: results in 23 patients. Radiology 1988; 168: 313317.
  • 15
    Sheu JC, Huang GT, Chen DS, Sung JL, Yang PM, Wei TC, Lai MY, et al. Small hepatocellular carcinoma: intratumor ethanol treatment using new needle and guidance systems. Radiology 1987; 163: 4348.
  • 16
    Sheu JC, Sung JL, Huang GT, Chen DS, Yang PM, Lai MY, Wei TC, et al. Intratumor injection of absolute ethanol under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatogastroenterol 1987; 34: 255261.
  • 17
    Ebara M, Ohto M, Sugiura N, Okuda K, Kondo F, Kondo K. Percutaneous ethanol injection for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma: study of 95 patients. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1990; 5: 616626.
  • 18
    Shiina S, Tagawa K, Niwa Y, Unuma T, Komatsu Y, Yoshiura K, Hamada E, et al. Percutaneous ethanol injection therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma: Results in 146 patients. AJR 1993; 160: 10231028.
  • 19
    Tanikawa K, Majima Y. Percutaneous ethanol injection therapy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatogastroenterology 1993; 40: 324327.
  • 20
    Livraghi T, Bolondi L, Lazzaroni S, Marin G, Morabito A, Rapaccini GL, Salmi A, et al. Percutaneous ethanol injection in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis: a study on 207 patients. Cancer 1992; 69: 925929.
  • 21
    Giorgio A, Tarantio L, Francica G, Scala V, Mariniello N, Aloisio T. Percutaneous ethanol injection under sonographic guidance of hepatocellular carcinoma in compensated and decompensated cirrhotic patients. J Ultrasound Med 1992; 11: 587595.
  • 22
    Castells A, Bruix J, Bru C, Fuster J, Vilana R, Navasa M, Ayuso C, et al. Treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients: a cohort study comparing surgical resection and percutaneous ethanol injection. Hepatology 1993; 18: 11211126.
  • 23
    Hirata M, Nishimura N. Hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after percutaneous ethanol injection therapy: comparison of tumors with or without a septum. Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 1993; 20: 548554.
  • 24
    Honda N, Guo Q, Uchida H, Ohishi H, Hiasa Y. Percutaneous hot saline injection therapy for hepatic tumors: an alternative to percutaneous ethanol injection therapy. Radiology 1994; 190: 5357.
  • 25
    Miller E, Rhodes RK. Preparation and characterization of the different types of collagen. In: CunninghamLW, FrederiksenDW, eds. Methods in enzymology. Vol 82. Structural and contractile proteins. Part A. Extracellular matrix. New York: Academic Press, 1982: 3364.
  • 26
    Ohnishi K, Chin N, Ito S. Percutaneous acetic acid injection therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma less than 3 cm in diameter. Acta Hepatol Jpn 1993; 34: 504516 (in Japanese).
  • 27
    Ohnishi K, Ohyama N, Ito S, Fujiwara K. Ultrasound guided intratumor injection of acetic acid for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma. Radiology 1994; 193: 747752.
  • 28
    Child CG III. The liver and portal hypertension. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1964.
  • 29
    Terabayashi H, Ohnishi K, Tsunoda T, Nakata H, Saito M, Tanaka H, Lida S, et al. Controlled trial of elective endoscopic sclerotherapy in comparison with transhepatic obliteration of esophageal varices in patients with nonalcoholic cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1987; 93: 12051209.
  • 30
    Saito M, Ohnishi K, Tanaka H, Sato S, Hirashima T, Hara T, Okuda K. Effect of esophageal transection combined with splenectomy on portal hemodynamics. Am J Gastroenterol 1987; 82: 1619.
  • 31
    Japanese Research Society for Portal Hypertension. The general rules for recording endoscopic findings on esophageal varices. Jpn J Surg 1980; 10: 8487.
  • 32
    Nakayama T, Hiyama Y, Ohnishi K, Tsuchiya S, Kono K, Nakajima Y, Okuda K. Arterioportal shunts on dynamic computed tomography. AJR 1983; 140: 953957.
  • 33
    Kaplan EL, Meier P. Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observation. J Am Stat Assoc 1958; 53: 457487.
  • 34
    Peto R, Pike MC, Armitage P, Breslow NE, Cox DR, Howard SV, Mantel N, et al. Design and analysis of randomized clinical trials requiring prolonged observation of each patient. II. Analysis and examples. Br J Cancer 1977; 35: 139.
  • 35
    Franco D, Capussotti L, Smadja C, Bouzari H, Meakins J, Kemeny F, Grange D, et al. Resection of hepatocellular carcinomas: results in 72 European patients with cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1990; 98: 733738.
  • 36
    Bruix J, Cirera I, Calvet X, Fuster J, Bru C, Ayuso C, Vilana R, et al. Surgical resection and survival in western patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. J Hepatol 1992; 15: 350355.
  • 37
    Utsunomiya T, Matsumata T, Adachi E, Honda H, Sugimachi K. Limitations of current preoperative liver imaging techniques for intrahepatic metastatic nodules of hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatology 1992; 16: 694701.
  • 38
    Goletti O, Negri FD, Pucciarelli M, Sidoti F, Bertolucci A, Chiarugi M, Seccia M. Subcutaneous seeding after percutaneous ethanol injection of liver metastasis. Radiology 1992; 183: 785786.
  • 39
    Cedrone A, Rapaccini GL, Pompili M, Grattagliano A, Aliotta A, Trombino C. Neoplastic seeding complicating percutaneous ethanol injection for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Radiology 1992; 183: 787788.
  • 40
    Ebara M, Ohto M, Shinagawa T, Sugiura N, Kimura K, Matsutani S, Morita M, et al. Natural history of minute hepatocellular carcinoma smaller than three centimeters complicating cirrhosis: a study in 22 patients. Gastroenterology 1986; 90: 289298.
  • 41
    Barbara L, Benzi G, Gaiani S, Fusconi F, Zironi G, Siringo S, Rigamonti A, et al. Natural history of small untreated hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis: a multivariate analysis of prognostic factors of tumor growth rate and patient survival. Hepatology 1992; 16: 132137.
  • 42
    Kosuge T, Makuuchi M, Takayama T, Yamamoto J, Shimada K, Yamasaki S. Long-term results after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma: experience of 480 cases. Hepatogastroenterology 1993; 40: 328332.