SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Grundy SM, Metzger AL, Adler RD. Mechanisms of lithogenic bile formation in American Indian women with cholesterol gallstones. J Clin Invest 1972; 51: 30263043.
  • 2
    Shaffer EA, Small DM. Biliary lipid secretion in cholesterol gallstone disease: The effect of cholecystectomy and obesity. J Clin Invest 1977; 59: 828840.
  • 3
    Pomeranz IS, Shaffer EA. Abnormal gallbladder emptying in a subgroup of patients with gallstones. Gastroenterology 1985; 88: 787791.
  • 4
    Behar J, Lee KY, Thompson WR, Biancani P. Gallbladder contraction in patients with pigment and cholesterol stones. Gastroenterology 1989; 97: 14791484.
  • 5
    Paumgartner G, Sauerbruch T. Gallstones: pathogenesis. Lancet 1991; 338: 11171121.
  • 6
    Shaffer EA. Abnormalities in gallbladder function in cholesterol gallstone disease: bile and blood, mucosa and muscle: the list lengthens. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 18081812.
  • 7
    LaMont JT, Afdhal NH. Biliary tract. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 1993; 9: 787790.
  • 8
    LaMorte WW. Biliary motility and abnormalities associated with cholesterol cholelithiasis. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 1993; 9: 810816.
  • 9
    Hardison WGM, Tomaszewski N, Grundy SM. Effect of acute alterations in small bowel transit time upon the biliary excretion rate of bile acids. Gastroenterology 1979; 76: 568574.
  • 10
    Everson GT, Lawson MJ, McKinley C. Gallbladder and small intestinal regulation of biliary lipid secretion during intraduodenal infusion of standard stimuli. J Clin Invest 1983; 71: 596603.
  • 11
    O'Donnell LJD, Wilson P, Guest P, Catnach SM, McLean A, Wickham JEA, Pairclough PD. Indomethacin and postprandial gallbladder emptying. Lancet 1992; 339: 269270.
  • 12
    Roslyn JJ, DenBesten L, Pitt H, Kuchenbecker S, Polarek JW. Effect of cholecystokinin on gallbladder stasis and cholesterol gallstone formation. J Surg Res 1981; 30: 200204.
  • 13
    Xu Q-W, Shaffer EA. Cisapride improves gallbladder contractility and bile lipid composition in an animal model of gallstone disease. Gastroenterology 1993; 105: 11841191.
  • 14
    Carey MC, Cahalane MJ. Enterohepatic circulation. In: AriasIM, ed. The Liver: Biology and Pathobiology. Ed 2. New York: Raven, 1988: 573616.
  • 15
    Ryan JP. Motility of the gallbladder and biliary tree. In: JohnsonLR, ed. Physiology of the gastrointestinal tract. Ed 2. New York: Raven Press, 1987: 695721.
  • 16
    Heaton KW, Emmett PM, Symes CL, Braddon FEM. An explanation for gallstones in normal-weight women: slow intestinal transit. Lancet 1993; 341: 810.
  • 17
    Shoda J, He B-F, Tanaka N, Matsuzaki Y, Osuga T, Yamamori S, Miyazaki H, Sjovall J. Increase of deoxycholate in supersaturated bile of patients with cholesterol gallstone disease and its correlation with de novo synthesis of cholesterol and bile acids in liver, gallbladder emptying and small intestinal transit. Hepatology 1995; 21: 12911302.
  • 18
    Dowling RH, Hussaini SH, Murthy GM, Besser GM, Wass JAH. Gallstones during octreotide therapy. Metabolism 1992; 41: 2233.
  • 19
    Brown HJ, Read NW, Richardson A, Rumsey RDE, Bogentoft C. Characteristics of lipid substances activating the ileal brake in the rat. Gut 1990; 31: 11261129.
  • 20
    Fridhandler TM, Davison JS, Shaffer EA. Defective gallbladder contractility in the ground squirrel and prairie dog during the early stages of cholesterol gallstone formation. Gastroenterology 1983; 85: 830836.
  • 21
    MacPherson BR, Pemsingh RS, Scott GW. Experimental cholelithiasis in the ground squirrel. Lab Invest 1987; 56: 138145.
  • 22
    Smith BF, LaMont JT, Small DM. The sequence of events in gallstone formation. Lab Invest 1987; 56: 125126.
  • 23
    Xu QW, Shaffer EA. Octreotide (SMS*) inhibits biliary lipid secretion and GB motility: relation to cholesterol gallstone formation in an animal model. Gastroenterology 1995; 108: A443.
  • 24
    Miller MS, Galligan JJ, Burks TF. Accurate measurement of intestinal transit in the rat. J Pharm Methods 1981; 6: 211217.
  • 25
    Scott RB, Marie M. The effect of atrial natriuretic peptide on small intestinal contractility and transit. Peptides 1991; 12: 799803.
  • 26
    Li YF, Weisbrodt NW, Moody FG, Coelho JC, Gouma DJ. Calcium-induced contraction and contractile protein content of gallbladder smooth muscle after high-cholesterol feeding of prairie dog. Gastroenterology 1987; 92: 746750.
  • 27
    Meyer PD, DenBesten L, Gurll WJ. Effects of cholesterol gallstone induction on gallbladder function and bile salt pool size in the prairie dog model. Surgery 1978; 83: 599604.
  • 28
    Dionne S, Tuchweber B, Plaa GL, Yousef I. Phase I and phase II metabolism of lithocholic acid in hepatic acinar zone 3 necrosis. Biochemical Pharmacol 1994; 48: 11871197.
  • 29
    Carey MC. Critical tables for calculating the cholesterol saturation of native bile. J Lipid Res 1978; 19: 945955.
  • 30
    Kuroki S, Cohen BI, Carey MC, Mosbach EH. Rapid computation with the personal computer of the percent cholesterol saturation of bile samples. J Lipid Res 1986; 27: 442446.
  • 31
    Dowling RH, Mack E, Small DM. Effect of controlled interruption of the enterohepatic circulation of bile salts by biliary diversion and by ileal resection on bile salt secretion, synthesis and pool size in the Rhesus monkey. J Clin Invest 1970; 49: 232242.
  • 32
    Meddings JB, Scott RB, Fick GH. Analysis and comparison of sigmoidal curves: applications to dose-response data. Am J Physiol 1989; 257: G982G989.
  • 33
    Dowling RH. The enterohepatic circulation. Progress in Gastroenterology 1972; 62: 122140.
  • 34
    Read NW. Speculation on the role of motility in the pathogenesis and treatment of diarrhoea. Scand J Gastroenterol 1983; (suppl 84): 4563.
  • 35
    Read NW, Brown NJ. The small intestine and the ileal brake. In: KammMA, Lennard-JonesJE, ed. Gastrointestinal transit: pathophysiology and pharmacology. Wrighston Biomedical Publishing Ltd, 1991: 5565.
  • 36
    Marcus SN, Heaton KW. Deoxycholic acid and the pathogenesis of gallstones. Gut 1988; 29: 522533.
  • 37
    Berr F, Stellaard F, Pratschke E, Paumgartner G. Effects of cholecystectomy on the kinetics of primary and secondary bile acids. J Clin Invest 1989; 83: 15411550.
  • 38
    Klinkspoor JH, Kuver R, Savard CE, Oda D, Azzouz H, Tytgat GN, Groen AK, Lee SP. Model bile and bile salts accelerate mucin secretion by cultured dog gallbladder epithelial cells. Gastroenterology 1995; 109: 264274.
  • 39
    Cohen BI, Singhal AK, Mongelli J, Rothschild MA, McSherry CK, Mosbach EH. Hydroxylation of secondary bile acids in the perfused prairie dog liver. Lipids 1983; 18: 909912.
  • 40
    Vlahcevic ZR, Heuman DM, Hylemon PB. Regulation of bile acid synthesis. Hepatology 1991; 13: 590600.
  • 41
    Kern F Jr., Effect of dietary cholesterol on cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis in patients with cholesterol gallstones. J Clin Invest 1994; 93: 11861194.
  • 42
    Fujiwara T, Chiba S. Mechanism of augmentted vascular responses to histamine in atherosclerotic rabbit common carotid arteries. Eur J Pharmacol 1994; 258: 195205.
  • 43
    Kim JH, Klyachkin ML, Svendsen E, Davies MG, Hagen PO, Carson CC. Experimental hypercholesterolemia in rabbits induces cavernosal atherosclerosis with endothelial and smooth muscle cell dysfunction. J Urol 1994; 151: 198205.
  • 44
    Cox RH, Tulenko TN. Altered contractile and ion channel function in rabbit portal vein with dietary atherosclerosis. Am J Physiol 1995; 268: H2522H2530.
  • 45
    Booker ML, Scott TE, LaMorte WW. Effect of dietary cholesterol on phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines in bile and gallbladder mucosa in the prairie dog. Gastroenterology 1989; 97: 12611267.
  • 46
    Whittle BJR, Vane JR. Prostanoids as regulators of gastrointestinal function. In: JohnsonLR, ed. Physiology of the gastrointestinal tract. Ed 2. New York: Raven, 1987: 16516747.
  • 47
    Kaminski DL. Arachidonic acid metabolites in hepatobiliary physiology and disease. Gastroenterology 1989; 97: 781792.