• 1
    Jaeschke H, Farhood A, Smith CW. Neutrophils contribute to ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat liver in vivo. FASEB J 1990; 4: 33553359.
  • 2
    Poggetti RS, Moore FA, More EE, Bensard DD, Anderson BO, Banerjee A. Liver injury is a reversible neutrophil-mediated event following gut ischemia. Arch Surg 1992; 127: 175179.
  • 3
    Fernandez HN, Henson PM, Otani A, Hugli TE. Chemotactic response to human C3a and C5a anaphylatoxins: I. Evaluation of C3a and C5a leukotaxis in vitro and under stimulated in vivo conditions. J Immunol 1978; 120: 109115.
  • 4
    Schiffmann E, Corcoran BA, Wahl SM. N-formylmethionyl peptides as chemoattractants for leukocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1975; 72: 10591062.
  • 5
    Lee TC, Snyder F. Function, metabolism and regulation of platelet activating factor and related ether lipids. In: KuoJF, ed. Phospholipids and cellular regulation. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1985: 110.
  • 6
    Ford Hutchinson AW, Bray MA, Doig MV, Shipley ME, Smith MJ. Leukotriene B, a potent chemokinetic and aggregating substance released from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Nature 1980; 286: 264265.
  • 7
    Showell HJ, Freer RJ, Zigmond SH. The structure-activity relations of synthetic peptides as chemotactic factors and inducers of lysosomal enzyme secretion for neutrophils. J Exp Med 1976; 143: 11541169.
  • 8
    Baggiolini M, Walz A, Kunkel SL. Neutrophil-activating peptide-1/interleukin 8, a novel cytokine that activates neutrophils. J Clin Invest 1989; 84: 10451049.
  • 9
    Watanabe K, Kinoshita S, Nakagawa H. Purification and characterization of cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant produced by epithelial cell line of normal rat kidney (NRK-52E cell). Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1989; 161: 10931099.
  • 10
    Watanabe K, Suematsu M, Lida M, Takaishi K, Lizuka Y, Suzuki H, Suzuki M, et al. Effect of rat CINC/gro, a member of interleukin-8 family, on leukocytes in microcirculation of the rat mesentery. Exp Mol Pathol 1992; 56: 6069.
  • 11
    Watanabe K, Konishi K, Fujioka M, Kinoshita S, Nakagawa H. The neutrophil chemoattractant produced by the rat kidney epithelial cell line NRK-52E is a protein related to the KC/gro protein. J Biol Chem 1989; 264: 1955919563.
  • 12
    Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. Bethesda, MD; Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health; 1985. NIH publication 8623.
  • 13
    Husztik E, Lazar G, Parducz A. Electron microscopic study of Kupffer cell phagocytosis blockade induced by gadolinium chloride. Br J Exp Pathol 1980; 61: 624630.
  • 14
    Galley MP, Kamei T, Flye W. Kupffer cell blockade increases mortality during intra-abdominal sepsis despite improving systemic immunity. Arch Surg 1990; 125: 3641.
  • 15
    Nakagawa H, Ikesue A, Kato H, Debuchi H, Watanabe K, Turufuji S, Naganawa M, et al. Changes in the levels of rat interleukin 8/CINC and gelatinase in the exudate of carrageenan-induced inflammation in rats. J Pharmacobiodyn 1992; 15: 461466.
  • 16
    Berry MN, Friend DS. High yield preparation of isolated rat liver parenchymal cells. A biochemical and fine structure study. J Cell Biol 1969; 43: 506520.
  • 17
    Seglen PO. Preparation of isolated rat liver cells. In: Methods in cell biology. Vol. 13. San Diego: Academic Press, 1976: 2983.
  • 18
    Knook DL, Sleyster EC. Separation of Kupffer and endothelial cells of the rat liver by centrifugal elutriation. Exp Cell Res 1976; 99: 446449.
  • 19
    Gandhi CR, Stephenson K, Olson MS. A comparative endothelin- and platelet-activating-factor—mediated signal transduction and prostaglandin synthesis in rat Kupffer cells. Biochem J 1992; 281: 485492.
  • 20
    Fustafa SB, Gandhi CR, Harvey SAK, Olson MS. Endothelin stimulates platelet-activating factor synthesis by cultured rat Kupffer cells. Hepatology 1994; 21: 545553.
  • 21
    Chromczynski P, Sacchi N. Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction. Anal Biochem 1962; 162: 156159.
  • 22
    Konishi K, Takata Y, Yamamoto M, Yomogida K, Watanabe K, Tsurufuji S, Fujioka M. Structure of the gene coding rat neutrophil chemo-attractant Gro. Gene 1993; 126: 285286.
  • 23
    Yam LT, Li CY, Crosby WH. Cytochemical identification of monocytes and granulocytes. Am J Pathol 1971; 55: 283290.
  • 24
    Hall TS, Breda MA, Baumgartner WA, Borkon AM, Brawn J, Hutchins GM, Reiz BA. The role of leukocyte depletion in reducing injury to the lung after hypothermic ischemia. Curr Probl Surg 1987; 44: 137139.
  • 25
    Vedder NB, Winn RK, Rice CL, Chi EY, Arfors KE, Harlan JM. A monoclonal antibody to the adherence-promoting leukocyte glycoprotein, CD 18, reduces organ injury and improves survival from hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in rabbits. J Clin Invest 1988; 81: 939944.
  • 26
    Grisham MB, Hernandez LA, Granger DN. Xanthine oxidase and neutrophil infiltration in intestinal ischemia. Am J Physiol 1986; 251: G567G574.
  • 27
    Varani J, Ginsburg I, Schuger L, Gibbs DF, Bromberg J, Johnson KJ, Ryan US, et al. Endothelial cell killing by neutrophils. Synergistic interaction of oxygen products and protease. Am J Pathol 1989; 135: 435438.
  • 28
    Rosenberg RD. The biochemistry and pathophysiology of the prethrombotic state. Annu Rev Med 1987; 38: 493508.
  • 29
    Fajarado LF. The complexity of endothelial cells. Am J Clin Pathol 1989; 92: 241250.
  • 30
    Gezzi P, Dinarello CA, Bianchi M, Rosandich ME, Repine JE, White CW. Hypoxia increases production of interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor by human mononuclear cells. Cytokine 1991; 3: 189194.
  • 31
    Koga S, Ogawa S, Kuwahara K, Brett J, Leavy JA, Ryan J, Koga Y, et al. Synthesis and release of interleukin 1 by reoxygenated human mononuclear phagocytes. J Clin Invest 1992; 90: 10071015.
  • 32
    Jones A, Geczy CL. Thronibin abd factor Xa enhances the production of interleukin-1. Immunology 1990; 71: 236241.
  • 33
    Robinson SC, Shepard EG, Kirsch RE. Fibrin degradation product D-dimer induces the synthesis and release of biologically active IL-1β, IL-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitors from monocytes in vitro. Br J Haematol 1994; 86: 322326.
  • 34
    Cooper JA, Solano SJ, Bizios R, Kaplan JE, Malik AB. Pulmonary neutrophil kinetics after thrombin-induced intravascular coagulation. J Appl Physiol 1984; 57: 826832.
  • 35
    Kirchhofer D, Sakariassen KS, Clozel M, Tshopp TB, Hadvary P, Nemerson Y, Baumgartner HR. Relationship between tissue factor expression and deposition of fibrin, platelets, and leukocytes on cultured endothelial cells under venous blood flow conditions. Blood 1993; 81: 20502058.
  • 36
    Loike JD, Silverstein R, Wright SD, Weitz JI, Huang AJ, Silverstein SC. The role of protected extracellular compartments in interactions between leukocytes, and platelets, and fibrin/fibrinogen matrices. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1992; 667: 163172.
  • 37
    Palabrica T, Lobb R, Furie BC, Aronovitz M, Benjamin C, Hsu YM, Sajer SA, et al. Leukocyte accumulation promoting fibrin deposition is mediated in vivo by P-selectin on adherent platelets. Nature 1992; 359: 848851.
  • 38
    DiCorleto PE, de la Motte CA. Thronibin causes increased monocytic-cell adhesion to endothelial cells through a protein kinase C-dependent pathway. Biochem J 1989; 264: 7177.
  • 39
    Zimmerman GA, McLntyre TM, Prescott SM. Thrombin stimulates the adherence of neutrophils to human endothelial cells in vitro. J Clin Invest 1985; 76: 22352246.
  • 40
    Moser R, Groscurth P, Fehr J. Promotion of trans endothelial neutrophil passage by human thrombin. J Cell Sci 1990; 96: 737744.
  • 41
    Evangelista V, Piccardoni P, Maugeri N, De Gaetano G, Cerletti C. Inhibition by heparin of platelet activation induced by neutrophil-derived cathepsin G. Euro J Pharmacol 1992; 401405.
  • 42
    Chignier E, Sparagano MH, McGregor L, Thillier A, Pellecchia D, McGregor JL. Two site (23–30, 76–90) on rat P-selectin mediate thrombin activated platelet-neutrophil interactions. Comp Biochem Physiol A Physiol 1994; 109: 881886.
  • 43
    Jaeschke H, Farhood A. Neutrophil and Kupffer cell-media ted oxidant stress and ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat liver. Am J Physiol 1991; 260: 355362.
  • 44
    Liu P, McGuire GM, Fisher MA, Fayhood A, Smith CW, Jaeschke H. Activation of Kupffer cells and neutrophils for reactive oxygen formation is responsible for endotoxin-enhanced liver injury after hepatic ischemia. Shock 1995; 3: 5662.
  • 45
    Maher JJ. Rat hepatocytes metabolizing ethanol provoke interleukin-8 (CINC) secretion by rat Kupffer cells: a possible mechanism of alcoholic hepatitis [Abstract]. Hepatology 1994; 20: 270A.