• 1
    Kretsinger RH. Structure and evolution of calcium-modulated proteins. CRC Grit Rev Biochem 1980; 8: 119174.
  • 2
    Pechère JF, Demaille J, Capony JF. Muscular parvalbumins: preparative and analytical methods of general applicability. Biochim Biophys Acta 1971; 236: 391408.
  • 3
    Hamoir G. The comparative biochemistry of fish sarcoplasmic proteins. Acta Zool Pathol, Antwerpen 1968; 46: 6976.
  • 4
    Heizmann CW. Parvalbumin, an intracellular calcium-binding protein: distribution, properties and possible roles in mammalian cells. Experientia 1984; 40: 910921.
  • 5
    Heizmann CW, Berchtold MW, Rowlerson AM. Correlation of parvalbumin concentration with relaxation speed in mammalian muscles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1982; 79: 72437247.
  • 6
    Celio MR, Heizmann CW. Calcium binding protein parvalbumin is associated with fast contracting muscle fibers. Nature 1982; 297: 504506.
  • 7
    Celio MR. Calbindin D-28K and parvalbumin in the rat nervous system. Neuroscience 1990; 35: 375475.
  • 8
    Celio MR. Parvalbumin in most gamma-aminobutyric acid-containing neurons of the rat cerebral cortex. Science 1986; 231: 995997.
  • 9
    Kawaguchi Y, Katsumaru H, Kosaka T, Heizmann CW, Hama K. Fast spiking cells in the rat hippocampus (CA1 region) contain the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin. Brain Res 1987; 416: 369374.
  • 10
    Weiss JH, Koh J, Baimbridge KG, Choi DW. Cortical neurons containing somatostatin- or parvalbumin-like immunoreactivity are atypically vulnerable to excitotoxic injury in vitro. Neurology 1990; 40: 12881292.
  • 11
    Kägi U, Berchtold MW, Heizmann CW. Ca2+-binding parvalbumin in rat testis. Characterization, localization and expression during development. J Biol Chem 1987; 262: 73147320.
  • 12
    Schneeberger PR, Heizmann CW. Parvalbumin in rat kidney. Purification, characterization and localization. FEES Lett 1986; 201: 5156.
  • 13
    Rasmussen CD, Means AR. The presence of parvalbumin in a non muscle cell line attenuates progression through mitosis. Mol Endocrinol 1989; 3: 588596.
  • 14
    Andressen C, Gotzos V, Schwaller B, Berchtold MW, Celio MR. Changes in shape and motility of cells transfected with parvalbumin cDNA. Exp Cell Res 1995; 420426.
  • 15
    Epstein P, Means AR, Berchtold MW. Isolation and characterization of a rat parvalbumin gene and full length cDNA. J Biol Chem 1986; 261: 58865891.
  • 16
    Palmiter RD, Chen HY, Brinster RL. Differential regulation of metallo-thionein-thymidine kinase fusion genes in transgenic mice and their offspring. Cell 1982; 29: 701710.
  • 17
    Palmiter RD, Brinster RL, Hammer RE, Trumbauer ME, Rosenfeld MG, Bimberg NC, Evans RM. Dramatic growth of mice that develop from eggs microinjected with metallothionein-growth hormone fusion genes. Nature 1982; 300: 611615.
  • 18
    Bustos Castillo M, Celio MR, Andressen C, Riilicke T, Berger MC, Weber J, Berchtold MW. Production and analysis of transgenic mice with ectopic expression of parvalbumin. Arch Biochem Biophys 1995; 317: 292298.
  • 19
    Somogyi P, Takagy H. A note of the use of picric acid paraphormaldehyde-glutaraldehyde fixative for correlated light and electron microscopic immu-nocytochemistry. Neuroscience 1982; 7: 17791784.
  • 20
    Bradford MM. A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of micro-gram quantities of protein utilizing the principles of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem 1976; 72: 248254.
  • 21
    Laemmli UK. Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4. Nature 1970; 227: 680685.
  • 22
    Palmiter RD, Norstedt G, Gelinas RE, Hammer RE, Brinster RL. Metallo-thionein-human GH fusion genes stimulate growth of mice. Science 1983; 222: 809814.
  • 23
    Pinzani M, Gesualdo L, Sabbah GM, Habboud HE. Effects of platelet-derived growth factor and other polypeptide mitogens on DNA synthesis and growth of cultured rat liver fat-storing cells. J Clin Invest 1989; 84: 17861793.
  • 24
    Irving MG, Roll FJ, Huang S, Bissel DM. Characterization and culture of sinusoidal endothelium from normal rat liver: lipoprotein uptake and collagen phenotype. Gastroenterology 1984; 87: 12331247.
  • 25
    Reichen J. Role of the hepatic artery in canalicular bile formation by the perfused rat liver. A multiple indicator dilution study. J Clin Invest 1988; 81: 14621469.
  • 26
    Goresky CA. A linear method for determining liver sinusoidal and extra-vascular volume. Am J Physiol 1963; 204: 626640.
  • 27
    Reichen J, Egger B, Ohara N, Zeltner TB, Zysset T, Zimmermann A. Determinants of hepatic functions in liver cirrhosis in the rat: A multivari-ate analysis. J Clin Invest 1988; 82: 20692076.
  • 28
    Reichen J, Sägesser H. The effect of endothelin on microvascular exchange in normal rat liver: Reversible capillarization by closure of endothelial fenestrae. J Hepatol 1994; 21 (suppl 1): 8.
  • 29
    Meier P, Zierler KL. On the theory of the indicator dilution method for measurement of blood flow and volume. J Appl Physiol 1954; 6: 731744.
  • 30
    Reichen J, Le M. Varapamil favourably influences hepatic microvascular exchange and function in rats with cirrhosis of the liver. J Clin Invest 1986; 78: 448455.
  • 31
    Palmiter RD, Brinster RL. Germ-line transformation of mice. Ann Rev Genet 1986; 20: 465499.
  • 32
    McKim Jr. JM, Liu J, Liu YP, Klaassen CD. Distribution of cadmium chloride and cadmium-metallothionein to liver parenchymal, Kupffer and endothelial cells: their relative ability to express metallothionein. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1992; 112: 324330.
  • 33
    Arias IM. The biology of the hepatic endothelial cell fenestrae. In: SchafferF, PopperH, eds. Progress in Liver Disease. Vol IX. Philadelphia: Saun-ders, 1990: 1126.
  • 34
    Tsukada N, Oda M, Yonei Y, Honda K, Akaiwa Y, Kiryu Y, Tsuchiya M. Alterations of the hepatic sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae in response to vasoactive substances in the rat: in vivo and in vitro studies. In: KirnA, KnookDL, WisseE, eds. Cells of the Hepatic Sinusoid. Vol 1. Rijswijk: The Kupffer Cell Foundation, 1986: 515516.
  • 35
    Brauneis U, Gatmaitan Z, Arias IM. Serotonin stimulates a Ca2+ permeant nonspecific cation channel in hepatic endothelial cells. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1992; 186: 15601566.
  • 36
    Steffan AM, Gendrault JL, Kirn A. Increase in the number of fenestrae in mouse endothelial liver cells by altering the cytoskeleton with cytocha-lasin B. Hepatology 1987; 7: 12301238.
  • 37
    Frenzel H, Kremer B, Hucker H. The liver sinusoids under various pathological conditions. A TEM and SEM study of rat liver after respiratory hypoxia, telecobalt-irradiation and endotoxin application. In: WisseE, KnookDL, eds. Kupffer Cells and Other Liver Sinusoidal Cells. Amsterdam: Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, 1977: 213222.
  • 38
    Arias IM, Peleg Y, Gatmaitan Z, Adelstein RA. The mechanism whereby serotonin produces fenestrael contraction in rat hepatic endothelial cells [Abstract]. Hepatology 1987; 7:1026.
  • 39
    Bauer M, Zhang JX, Bauer I, Clemens MG. ET-1 induced alterations of hepatic microcirulation: Sinusoidal and extrasinusoidal sites of action. Am J Physiol 1994; 267: G143G149.
  • 40
    Rockey DC. Characterization of endothelin receptors mediating rat hepatic stellate cell contraction. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1995; 207: 725731.