• 1
    Borojevic R, Monteiro ANA, Vinhas SA, Domont GB, Mourão PAS, Emonard H, Grimaldi JR, Grimaud J.-A. Establishment of a continuous cell line from fibrotic schistosomal granulomas in mice livers. In Vitro. Cell Dev Biol 1985; 21: 382390.
  • 2
    Borojevic R, Guaragna RM, Margis R, Dutra H. In vitro induction of the fat-storing phenotype in a liver connective tissue cell line-GRX. In Vitro. Cell Dev Biol 1990; 25: 361368.
  • 3
    Greenwel P, Schwarts M, Rosas M, Peyrol S, Grimaud J-A, Rojkind M. Characterization of fat-storing cell lines derived from normal and CC14-cirrhotic livers. Lab Invest 1991; 65: 644653.
  • 4
    Murakami K, Abe T, Miyazawa M, Yamaguchi M, Masuda T, Matsuura T, Nagamori S, Takeuchi K, Abe K, Kyogoku M. Establishment of a new human cell line, LI90, exhibiting characteristics of hepatic Ito (fat-storing) cells. Lab Invest 1995; 72: 731739.
  • 5
    Zouzias D, Basilico C. Regulation of viral functions in simian virus 40-transformed cells. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 1978; 48: 239244.
  • 6
    Chang SE. In vitro transformation of human epithelial cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 1986; 823: 161194.
  • 7
    Kimura G, Dulbecco R. A temperature-sensitive mutant of simian virus 40 affecting transforming ability. Virology 1973; 52: 529534.
  • 8
    Kimura G, Itagaki A. Initiation and maintenance of cell transformation by simian virus 40: a viral genetic property. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1975; 72: 673677.
  • 9
    Tanigawa T, Takayama H, Takagi A, Kimura G. Cell growth and differentiation in vitro in mouse macrophages transformed by a tsA mutant of simian virus 40. I. Cellular response in proliferative and phagocytic activities to the shift of temperature differs depending on the culture state in mouse bone marrow cells transformed by the tsA 640 mutant of simian virus 40. J Cell Physiol 1983; 116: 303310.
  • 10
    Knock DL, Seffelaar AM, de Leeuw AM. Fat-storing cells of the rat liver. Exp Cell Res 1982; 139: 468471.
  • 11
    Tsutsumi M, Takada A, Takase S. Characterization of desmin-positive rat liver sinusoidal cells. Hepatology 1987; 7: 277284.
  • 12
    Tanigawa T, Elwood N, Metcalf D, Gary D, DeLuca E, Nicola NA, Begley CG. The SCL gene product is regulated by and differentially regulates cytokine responses during myeloid leukemic cell differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1993; 90: 78647868.
  • 13
    Tanigawa T, Nicola N, McArthur GA, Strasser A, Begley CG. Differential regulation of macrophage differentiation in response to leukemia inhibitory factor/Oncostatin-M/interleukin-6: the effect of enforced expression of the SCL transcription factor. Blood 1995; 85: 379390.
  • 14
    De Leeuw AM, McCarthy SP, Geerts A, Knock DL. Purified rat liver fat-storing cells in culture divide and contain collagen. Hepatology 1984; 4: 392403.
  • 15
    Yokoi Y, Namihisa T, Kuroda H, Komatsu I, Miyazaki A, Watanabe S, Usui K. Immunocytochemical detection of desmin in fat-storing cells (Ito cells). Hepatology 1984; 4: 709714.
  • 16
    Wake K. Perisinusoidal stellate cells (fat-storing cells, interstitial cells, lipocytes), their related structure in and around the liver sinusoids, and vitamin A-storing cells in extrahepatic organs. Int Rev Cytol 1980; 66: 303353.
  • 17
    Friedman SL, Roll FJ, Boyles J, Bissell DM. Hepatic lipocytes: the principal collagen-producing cells of normal rat liver. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1985; 82: 86818685.
  • 18
    Kent G, Gay S, Inouye T, Bahu R, Minick OT, Popper H. Vitamin A-containing lipocytes and formation of type III collagen in liver injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1976; 73: 37193722.
  • 19
    Davis BH, Pratt BM, Madri JA. Retinol and extracellular collagen matrices modulate hepatic Ito cell collagen phenotype and cellular retinol binding protein levels. J Biol Chem 1987; 262: 1028010286.
  • 20
    Blomhoff R, Wake K. Perisinusoidal stellate cells of the liver: important roles in retinol metabolism and fibrosis. FASEB J 1991; 5: 271277.
  • 21
    Crofton RW, Dulk MMC Diesselhoff-den, van Furth R. The origin, kinetics, and characteristics of the Kupffer cells in the normal steady state. J Exp Med 1978; 148: 117.
  • 22
    Muro H, Shirasawa H, Maeda M, Nakamura S. Fc receptors of liver sinusoidal endothelium in normal rats and humans. Gastroenterology 1987; 93: 10781085.
  • 23
    Tseng SCG, Lee PC, Ells PF, Bissell DM, Smuckler EA, Stern R. Collagen production by rat hepatocytes and sinusoidal cells in primary monolayer culture. Hepatology 1982; 2: 1318.
  • 24
    Moshage H, Casini A, Lieber CS. Acetaldehyde selectively stimulates collagen production in cultured rat liver fat-storing cells but not in hepatocytes. Hepatology 1990; 12: 511518.
  • 25
    Casini A, Pinzani M, Milani S, Grappone C, Galli G, Jezequel AM, Schuppan D, Rotella CM, Surrenti C. Regulation of extracellular matrix synthesis by transforming growth factor β1 in human fat-storing cells. Gastroenterology 1993; 105: 245253.
  • 26
    Knittel T, Janneck T, Müller L, Fellmer P, Ramadori G. Transforming growth factor β1–regulated gene expression of Ito cells. Hepatology 1996; 24: 352360.
  • 27
    Begley CG, Apian PD, Denning SM, Haynes BF, Waldmann TA, Kirsch IR. The gene SCL is expressed during early hematopoiesis and encodes a differentiation-related DNA-binding motif. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1989; 86: 1012810132.
  • 28
    Green AR, Salvaris E, Begley CG. Erythroid expression of the ‘helix-loop-helix’ gene, SCL. Oncogene 1991; 6: 475479.
  • 29
    Robb L, Lyons I, Li R, Hartley L, Köntgen F, Harvey RP, Metcalf D, Begley CG. Absence of yolk sac hematopoiesis from mice with a targeted disruption of the scl gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1995; 92: 70757079.
  • 30
    Green AR, Lints T, Visvader J, Harvey R, Begley CG. SCL is coexpressed with GATA-1 in hemopoietic cells but is also expressed in developing brain. Oncogene 1992; 7: 653660.
  • 31
    Burt AD. Cellular and molecular aspects of hepatic fibrosis. J Pathol 1993; 170: 105114.
  • 32
    Ramodori G, Veit T, Schwölger S, Dienes HP, Knittel T, Rieder H, zum Büschenfelde K-H. Meyer Expression of the gene of the α-smooth muscle-actin isoform in rat liver and in fat-storing (ITO) cells. Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol 1990; 59: 349357.