Prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma with diabetes mellitus after hepatic resection



We evaluated the effect of diabetes mellitus on the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma after an elective hepatic resection. Of the 342 patients who underwent a hepatic resection between April 1985 and March 1995, 87 (25.4%) were diabetic. Postoperative morbidity was more common among diabetics than among nondiabetics (36.0% vs. 22.5%, P = .0239). The postoperative survival rate and the cancer-free survival rate were also better in patients without diabetes than in those with diabetes (P = .0333, P = .0149). The results of a multivariate analysis show diabetes mellitus to be an independent and prognostic indicator after a hepatic resection with hepatocellular carcinoma. According to the above findings, diabetes mellitus is thus considered to be a risk factor for prognosis after hepatic resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.