β-Hexapeptides 1–5 and a β-dodecapeptide 6 with sequences containing two different types of β-amino acids (aliphatic proteinageous side chains in the 2- or in the 3-position) have been prepared. CD (Fig. 1) and NMR measurements indicate that, with one exception, the secondary structures formed by these new β-peptides differ from those of isomers studied previously. Detailed NMR analysis of the β-hexapeptide 5 (with alternating β2,β3-building blocks) and molecular-dynamics simulations have produced a minimum energy conformation (Fig. 2,b)which might be described as a novel irregular helix containing ten- and twelve-membered H-bonded rings. This demonstrates the great structural variability of β-peptides, since three different helical secondary structures have been discovered to date.