A tool for enhancing strategic health planning: a modeled use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

Authors

  • Lisa Bundara Sinclair,

    Corresponding author
    • Division of Human Development and Disability, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Atlanta, GA, USA
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    • Health Science Policy Analyst.
  • Michael H. Fox,

    1. Division of Human Development and Disability, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Atlanta, GA, USA
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  • Donald R. Betts

    1. Division of Human Development and Disability, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Atlanta, GA, USA
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Correspondence to: L. Sinclair, Disability and Health, NCBDDD, CDC, DHHS, 1600 Clifton Rd (E-88), Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. E-mail lsinclair@cdc.gov

SUMMARY

This article describes use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a tool for strategic planning. The ICF is the international classification system for factors that influence health, including Body Structures, Body Functions, Activities and Participation and Environmental Factors. An overview of strategic planning and the ICF are provided. Selected ICF concepts and nomenclature are used to demonstrate its utility in helping develop a classic planning framework, objectives, measures and actions. Some issues and resolutions for applying the ICF are described. Applying the ICF for strategic health planning is an innovative approach that fosters the inclusion of social ecological health determinants and broad populations. If employed from the onset of planning, the ICF can help public health organizations systematically conceptualize, organize and communicate a strategic health plan. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

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