HR Science Forum
The Association of Meaningfulness, Well-Being, and Engagement with Absenteeism: A Moderated Mediation Model
Article first published online: 22 MAY 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Human Resource Management
Volume 52, Issue 3, pages 441–456, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Soane, E., Shantz, A., Alfes, K., Truss, C., Rees, C. and Gatenby, M. (2013), The Association of Meaningfulness, Well-Being, and Engagement with Absenteeism: A Moderated Mediation Model. Hum. Resour. Manage., 52: 441–456. doi: 10.1002/hrm.21534
- Issue published online: 22 MAY 2013
- Article first published online: 22 MAY 2013
- broaden-and-build theory
We theorized that absence from work is a resource-based process that is related to perceived meaningfulness of work, well-being, and engagement. Broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) and engagement theory (Bakker, Schaufeli, Leiter, & Taris, 2008; Kahn, 1990) were used to develop a framework for explaining absence. Results of a study of 625 employees and human resource records of subsequent absenteeism data for a three-month period supported our hypotheses that meaningful work increases engagement with work, and that engagement is associated with low levels of absenteeism. Furthermore, data showed that engagement fully mediated the relationship between meaningfulness and absence, and that well-being strengthened the relationship between meaningfulness and engagement. The results have implications for understanding the role of individual-level resources in the workplace, and how meaningfulness, well-being, and engagement influence absence.