In this report, we introduce the CDKN2A Database, an online database of germline and somatic variants of the CDKN2A tumor suppressor gene recorded in human disease through the year 2002, annotated with evolutionary, structural, and functional information. The CDKN2A Database improves upon existing resources by: 1) including both somatic mutations and germline variants, thereby adding the perspective of somatic cell carcinogenesis to that of hereditary cancer predisposition; 2) including information that assists with the interpretation of allelic variants, such as other primary data (sequences, structures, alignments, functional measurements, and literature references) and annotations (extensive text, figures, and a tree-based phylogenetic classification); and 3) providing the information in a format that allows a user to either download the database or to easily manipulate it online. We describe the database structure, content, current uses, and potential implications (http://biodesktop.uvm.edu/perl/p16). Hum Mutat 24:296–304, 2004. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.