Get access

The loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials and effects of psychopathology and psychopharmacotherapy in psychiatric inpatients

Authors

  • Julia Ostermann,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, LWL University Hospital Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Both authors contributed equally to this article.
  • Idun Uhl,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, LWL University Hospital Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Both authors contributed equally to this article.
  • Elke Köhler,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, LWL University Hospital Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Georg Juckel,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, LWL University Hospital Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Christine Norra

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, LWL University Hospital Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author

C. Norra, Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, LWL University Hospital Bochum, Alexandrinenstrasse 1-3, 44791 Bochum, Germany. Phone: +49-234-5077 1131; Fax: +49-234-5077 1329. E-mail: Christine.Norra@rub.de

Abstract

Objective

Many studies have provided evidence for the loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) as a marker for central serotonergic activity but remained inconclusive for its suitability in clinical use.

Methods

A cross-sectional sample of 162 psychiatric inpatients (major depression N = 86, bipolar disorder N = 12, schizophrenia N = 50, and schizoaffective disorder N = 14) and 40 healthy subjects was retrospectively examined for LDAEP and effects of psychopathology and psychopharmacology.

Results

The LDAEP was weaker in patients with affective disorders than in healthy subjects but did not differentiate between the total patient sample and healthy controls. LDAEP correlated significantly with dimensions of the Brief Symptom Inventory in the total patient sample (depression, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, Global Symptom Index, and Positive Symptom Distress Index), in patients with affective disorders (depression) and with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (depression, psychoticism, Global Symptom Index, and Positive Symptom Distress Index). Similar correlations were found in depressed patients with a single noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant or serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. There was a negative correlation between dosage of typical antipsychotics and LDAEP. Hypnotics generally led to a lower LDAEP.

Conclusion

The LDAEP in patients is related to severity of psychopathologic syndromes irrespective of diagnosis. Chronic psychopharmacologic treatment may also differentially modulate the LDAEP, but longitudinal studies are needed. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary