Determination of suspended particulate matter concentration from turbidity measurements: particle size effects and calibration procedures
Article first published online: 1 APR 2003
Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 17, Issue 10, pages 1951–1963, July 2003
How to Cite
Pfannkuche, J. and Schmidt, A. (2003), Determination of suspended particulate matter concentration from turbidity measurements: particle size effects and calibration procedures. Hydrol. Process., 17: 1951–1963. doi: 10.1002/hyp.1220
- Issue published online: 4 JUL 2003
- Article first published online: 1 APR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 SEP 2002
- Manuscript Received: 25 JAN 2002
- Bundesanstalt für Gewässerkunde. Grant Number: Engineer contract 1134
- suspended particulate matter;
- regression model;
- model calibration;
- River Elbe
Measurements of suspended particulate matter concentration and turbidity point towards the possibility of a site-specific algorithm (SPM), relating SPM to nephelometric turbidity units (NTU). In this paper regression models are presented that account for changes in the relationship of SPM and NTU as a result of changes in particle properties. The models have been developed by the use of daily measurements of SPM concentration and a continuous record of turbidity for the period from June 1996 to February 2001 in the River Elbe, a major river in the eastern part of Germany.
The effect of changes in the particle properties with increasing water discharge was taken into account by varying the slope of a linear regression equation according to a logistic function. Water discharge, Q, was defined to be the only variable of this function—as an adequate substitute of the parameter bottom shear stress, which cannot be measured directly. Measurements of flow velocity in the River Elbe show that bottom shear stress is related almost linearly to water discharge up to bankful discharges.
Regression models with slopes varying continuously with hydraulic parameters may account for the effects resulting from changes of particle characteristics and thus may have some advantages compared with models with a constant slope or models calibrated for different seasons. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.