This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Influence of groundwater pumping on streamflow restoration following upstream dam removal†
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2006
This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. Published in 2006 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 21, Issue 21, pages 2823–2834, 15 October 2007
How to Cite
Constantz, J. and Essaid, H. (2007), Influence of groundwater pumping on streamflow restoration following upstream dam removal. Hydrol. Process., 21: 2823–2834. doi: 10.1002/hyp.6520
- Issue published online: 22 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 JUN 2006
- Manuscript Received: 27 JUL 2005
- dam removal;
- groundwater pumping;
- stream restoration
We compared streamflow in basins under the combined impacts of an upland dam and groundwater pumping withdrawals, by examining streamflow in the presence and absence of each impact. As a qualitative analysis, inter-watershed streamflow comparisons were performed for several rivers flowing into the east side of the Central Valley, CA. Results suggest that, in the absence of upland dams supporting large reservoirs, some reaches of these rivers might develop ephemeral streamflow in late summer. As a quantitative analysis, we conducted a series of streamflow/groundwater simulations (using MODFLOW-2000 plus the streamflow routing package, SFR1) for a representative hypothetical watershed, with an upland dam and groundwater pumping in the downstream basin, under humid, semi-arid, and arid conditions. As a result of including the impact of groundwater pumping, post-dam removal simulated streamflow was significantly less than natural streamflow. The model predicts extensive ephemeral conditions in the basin during September for both the arid and semi-arid cases. The model predicts continued perennial conditions in the humid case, but spatially weighted, average streamflow of only 71% of natural September streamflow, as a result of continued pumping after dam removal. Published in 2006 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.