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Keywords:

  • river morphodynamics;
  • depth-averaged model;
  • sediment transport;
  • bed-load;
  • suspended load;
  • bed evolution model;
  • finite volume method

Abstract

A 2D depth-averaged hydrodynamic, sediment transport and bed morphology model named STREMR HySeD is presented. The depth-averaged sediment transport equations are derived from the 3D dilute, multiphase, flow equations and are incorporated into the hydrodynamic model STREMR. The hydrodynamic model includes a two-equation turbulence model and a correction for the mean flow due to secondary flows. The suspended sediment load can be subdivided into different size classes using the continuum (two-fluid) approach; however, only one bed sediment size is used herein. The validation of the model is presented by comparing the suspended sediment transport module against experimental measurements and analytical solutions for the case of equilibrium sediment-laden in a transition from a rigid bed to a porous bed where re-suspension of sediment is prevented. On the other hand, the bed-load sediment transport and bed evolution numerical results are compared against bed equilibrium experimental results for the case of a meander bend. A sensitivity analysis based on the correction for secondary flow on the mean flow including the effect of secondary flow on bed shear stresses direction as well as the downward acceleration effect due to gravity on transverse bed slopes is performed and discussed. In general, acceptable agreement is found when comparing the numerical results obtained with STREMR HySeD against experimental measurements and analytical solutions. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.