Long-term outcome after admission for acute severe ulcerative colitis in Oxford: The 1992–1993 cohort
Article first published online: 14 JAN 2009
Copyright © 2009 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume 15, Issue 6, pages 823–828, June 2009
How to Cite
Bojic, D., Radojicic, Z., Nedeljkovic-Protic, M., Al-Ali, M., Jewell, D.P. and Travis, S.P.L. (2009), Long-term outcome after admission for acute severe ulcerative colitis in Oxford: The 1992–1993 cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis, 15: 823–828. doi: 10.1002/ibd.20843
- Issue published online: 11 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 14 JAN 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 NOV 2008
- Manuscript Received: 27 OCT 2008
- severe ulcerative colitis;
Background: To determine the long-term outcome of patients admitted with acute severe colitis (ASC) who avoided colectomy on the index admission, a retrospective cohort study was performed.
Methods: Patients admitted for intensive treatment of ASC in 1992–1993 previously described for a predictive index of short-term outcome in severe ulcerative colitis (UC) were followed for a median 122 months (range 3–144). Complete responders (CR) to intensive therapy had <3 nonbloody stools/day on day 7 of the index admission; incomplete responders (IR) were all others who avoided colectomy on that admission. Main outcome measures were colectomy-free survival, time to colectomy, and duration of steroid-free remission.
Results: In all, 6/19 CR (32%) came to colectomy compared to 10/13 IR (P = 0.016; relative risk 3.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12–9.9). The median ± interquartile range time to colectomy was 28 ± 47 months (range 6–99) for CR who came to colectomy versus 7.5 ± 32 (3–72) months for IR (P = 0.118). Among the IR, 7/13 came to colectomy within 12 months, and all within 6 years from the index admission. The longest period of steroid-free remission was 42 ± 48 (0–120) months for CR, but 9 ± 20 (1–35) months for IR (P = 0.011).
Conclusions: One week after admission with ASC in the prebiologic era, IRs had a 50% chance of colectomy within a year and 70% within 5 years, despite cyclosporin and azathioprine where appropriate. The maximum duration of remission in CRs was almost 5 times longer than IRs. It is unknown whether biologics change the long-term outcome.
(Inflamm Bowel Dis 2009)