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Keywords:

  • NLRP3;
  • Crohn's disease;
  • inflammasome;
  • genetics

Abstract

Background:

NLRP3 (formerly known as CIAS1 or NALP3) encodes a key component of the inflammasome and is a strong candidate gene for Crohn's disease (CD) susceptibility. A recent study reported significant and internally replicated association between CD and six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a regulatory region 5.3 kb downstream of NLRP3. Independent replication is required to verify these findings.

Methods:

In all, 1298 CD cases and 1244 healthy controls were genotyped for the six SNPs using Taqman. Single locus, haplotype, and subphenotype analyses were conducted using logistic regression-based methods and PLINK, respectively.

Results:

No significant associations were found, either on single locus, subphenotype, or haplotype analysis.

Conclusions:

Given our high (>90%) power to replicate findings from the index study, our data suggest either a much smaller effect size for the association between NLRP3 and CD susceptibility than previously reported or the possibility of a false-positive result in the index study. Further studies in other populations are required to determine what role, if any, NLRP3 variants play in CD susceptibility. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011;)