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Perioperative complications in inflammatory bowel disease



Almost 50% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) will undergo surgery for their disease at some stage of its clinical course. Complications seen following surgery may occur early or late in the postoperative period. Patient factors, including active inflammatory disease, malnutrition, and use of immunosuppressant medications, make these patients a challenging surgical group and at increased risk for surgical complications. The purpose of this review is to characterize the complications that are commonly seen following surgery in patients with IBD and to discuss the surgical and patient factors that may influence their development. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2010;)