Supported by an educational grant from Essex Chemie, Switzerland (to M.S.), a research grant from the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO) (to M.S.), a research credit from the University of Zurich (to M.S.), a grant from the Swiss Philanthropy Foundation (to M.S. and G.R.), a grant from the Baumgarten Foundation (to G.R.), research grants from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) Grant No. 310030-120312 (to G.R.), and the Swiss IBD Cohort (Grant No. 3347CO-108792), by the Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP) of the University of Zurich and by a Senior Research Award from the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA) (to D.F.M.).
Crohn's disease-associated polymorphism within the PTPN2 gene affects muramyl-dipeptide-induced cytokine secretion and autophagy†
Article first published online: 21 OCT 2011
Copyright © 2011 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume 18, Issue 5, pages 900–912, May 2012
How to Cite
Scharl, M., Mwinyi, J., Fischbeck, A., Leucht, K., Eloranta, J. J., Arikkat, J., Pesch, T., Kellermeier, S., Mair, A., Kullak-Ublick, G. A., Truninger, K., Noreen, F., Regula, J., Gaj, P., Pittet, V., Mueller, C., Hofmann, C., Fried, M., McCole, D. F. and Rogler, G. (2012), Crohn's disease-associated polymorphism within the PTPN2 gene affects muramyl-dipeptide-induced cytokine secretion and autophagy. Inflamm Bowel Dis, 18: 900–912. doi: 10.1002/ibd.21913
- Issue published online: 12 APR 2012
- Article first published online: 21 OCT 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Received: 2 SEP 2011
- Crohn's disease;
- PTPN2 polymorphism;
- cytokine secretion
The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2542151 within the gene locus region encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) has been associated with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), type-I diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. We have previously shown that PTPN2 regulates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling and cytokine secretion in human THP-1 monocytes and intestinal epithelial cells (IEC). Here, we studied whether intronic PTPN2 SNP rs1893217 regulates immune responses to the nucleotide-oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) ligand, muramyl-dipeptide (MDP).
Materials and Methods:
Genomic DNA samples from 343 CD and 663 non-IBD control patients (male and female) from a combined German, Swiss, and Polish cohort were genotyped for the presence of the PTPN2 SNPs, rs2542151, and rs1893217. PTPN2-variant rs1893217 was introduced into T84 IEC or THP-1 cells using a lentiviral vector.
We identified a novel association between the genetic variant, rs1893217, located in intron 7 of the PTPN2 gene and CD. Human THP-1 monocytes carrying this variant revealed increased MAPK activation as well as elevated mRNA expression of T-bet transcription factor and secretion of interferon-γ in response to the bacterial wall component, MDP. In contrast, secretion of interleukin-8 and tumor necrosis factor were reduced. In both, T84 IEC and THP-1 monocytes, autophagosome formation was impaired.
We identified a novel CD-associated PTPN2 variant that modulates innate immune responses to bacterial antigens. These findings not only provide key insights into the effects of a functional mutation on a clinically relevant gene, but also reveal how such a mutation could contribute to the onset of disease. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011;)