Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by frequent relapses, with the presence of colorectal inflammation and mucosal lesions. Matrix-metalloprotease 9 (MMP-9) is elevated in colonic biopsies, urine, and blood plasma of UC patients. MMP-9 has been suggested as a predictor of UC in the urine of children; however, 20% of the controls tested positive. So far, fecal MMP-9 levels have never been measured. Our aims were: 1) to compare fecal MMP-9 levels in UC patients to control subjects and a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by diarrhea (IBS-D); 2) to test the correlation between UC disease activity and fecal levels of MMP-9; and 3) to correlate fecal MMP-9 levels with a known fecal marker of UC activity, calprotectin.