Present address: Schiefelbusch Life Span Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
Associations between Temperament and Social Responsiveness in Young Children
Article first published online: 6 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Infant and Child Development
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 270–288, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Salley, B., Miller, A. and Bell, M. A. (2013), Associations between Temperament and Social Responsiveness in Young Children. Inf. Child Develop., 22: 270–288. doi: 10.1002/icd.1785
- Issue published online: 10 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 6 NOV 2012
- Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health. Grant Number: HD049878
- Human Development (NICHD). Grant Number: HD043057
- social responsiveness;
- social competence;
- individual differences
Recent research has demonstrated that social responsiveness (comprised of social awareness, social information processing, reciprocal social communication, social motivation, and repetitive/restricted interests) is continuously distributed within the general population. In the present study, we consider temperament as a co-occurring source of individual differences in social responsiveness in young children. The sample consisted of 62 infants assessed at 2, 3, and 4 years old. Measures of temperament were obtained at each age (Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire and Children's Behavior Questionnaire), and social responsiveness was measured at 4 years old (Social Responsiveness Scale). Multivariate patterns of association between components of temperament and social responsiveness were observed at each age, with overall findings in line with the broader literature examining temperament and socio-development associations. Importantly, these results provide support for the usefulness of temperament as a relevant source of variability in social responsiveness, as measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale, in typically developing young children. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.