Using Baby Books to Increase New Mothers' Self-Efficacy and Improve Toddler Language Development
Article first published online: 12 DEC 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Infant and Child Development
Volume 23, Issue 4, pages 374–387, July/August 2014
How to Cite
2014), Using Baby Books to Increase New Mothers' Self-Efficacy and Improve Toddler Language Development, Inf. Child. Dev., 23, pages 374–387. doi: 10.1002/icd.1832, and (
- Issue published online: 1 AUG 2014
- Article first published online: 12 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 21 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 19 JUN 2013
- maternal self-efficacy;
- baby books;
- language development
Maternal self-efficacy (MSE) has been shown to be important, yet little is known about how it develops over time and whether increasing knowledge about child development and parenting results in feeling more efficacious, especially for first-time mothers. Furthermore, research is lacking about whether increased maternal self-efficacy results in better child outcomes such as more receptive and expressive language. Using a randomized three-group design, this study explores whether educational books, embedded with information about typical child development and optimal parenting, increase MSE for women over the first year and a half of motherhood and whether these increases result in better language skills for children at 18 months of age. Hierarchical linear model analyses show that MSE starts high and remains high and that providing educational books further increases the development of MSE. Increases in MSE have a positive impact on children's language skills, as does providing books, irrespective of educational content. These findings support the importance of MSE and demonstrate an inexpensive way to increase MSE and improve child outcomes. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.