Early predictors of self-regulation in middle childhood
Article first published online: 21 AUG 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Infant and Child Development
Volume 15, Issue 4, pages 421–437, July/August 2006
How to Cite
Colman, R. A., Hardy, S. A., Albert, M., Raffaelli, M. and Crockett, L. (2006), Early predictors of self-regulation in middle childhood. Inf. Child Develop., 15: 421–437. doi: 10.1002/icd.469
- Issue published online: 21 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 21 AUG 2006
- National Institute of Mental Health
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Grant Number: R01-MH62977
- middle childhood;
The present study examined the contribution of caregiving practices at ages 4–5 (Time 1) to children's capacity for self-regulation at ages 8–9 (Time 2). The multi-ethnic sample comprised 549 children of National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) participants. High levels of maternal warmth and low levels of physically punitive discipline at Time 1 were associated with a greater capacity for self-regulation at Time 2. These associations remained significant once initial levels of self-regulation were taken into account, indicating that the development of self-regulation is open to caregiver influence during childhood. Neither child gender nor ethnicity moderated the effects of early parenting practices on later self-regulation; the interaction between low maternal warmth and high discipline was also non-significant. Findings add to the literature on how early parenting practices shape children's capacity for effective self-regulation, and have implications for researchers and practitioners. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.