This paper represents 1 of 6 papers in the special series “Passive Sampling Methods for Contaminated Sediments,” which was generated from the SETAC Technical Workshop “Guidance on Passive Sampling Methods to Improve Management of Contaminated Sediments,” held November 2012 in Costa Mesa, California, USA. Recent advances in passive sampling methods (PSMs) offer an improvement in risk-based decision making, since bioavailability of sediment contaminants can be directly quantified. Forty-five experts, representing PSM developers, users, and decision makers from academia, government, and industry, convened to review the state of science to gain consensus on PSM applications in assessing and supporting management actions on contaminated sediments.
Special Series: Passive Sampling Methods for Contaminated Sediments
Passive sampling methods for contaminated sediments: State of the science for metals
Article first published online: 27 JAN 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of SETAC.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Volume 10, Issue 2, pages 179–196, April 2014
How to Cite
Peijnenburg, W. J., Teasdale, P. R., Reible, D., Mondon, J., Bennett, W. W. and Campbell, P. G. (2014), Passive sampling methods for contaminated sediments: State of the science for metals. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 10: 179–196. doi: 10.1002/ieam.1502
- Issue published online: 24 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 27 JAN 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 8 NOV 2013 03:03AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 23 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 18 JUL 2013
- Contaminated sediment;
- Passive sampling;
“Dissolved” concentrations of contaminants in sediment porewater (Cfree) provide a more relevant exposure metric for risk assessment than do total concentrations. Passive sampling methods (PSMs) for estimating Cfree offer the potential for cost-efficient and accurate in situ characterization of Cfree for inorganic sediment contaminants. In contrast to the PSMs validated and applied for organic contaminants, the various passive sampling devices developed for metals, metalloids, and some nonmetals (collectively termed “metals”) have been exploited to a limited extent, despite recognized advantages that include low detection limits, detection of time-averaged trends, high spatial resolution, information about dissolved metal speciation, and the ability to capture episodic events and cyclic changes that may be missed by occasional grab sampling. We summarize the PSM approaches for assessing metal toxicity to, and bioaccumulation by, sediment-dwelling biota, including the recognized advantages and limitations of each approach, the need for standardization, and further work needed to facilitate broader acceptance and application of PSM-derived information by decision makers. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2014;10:179–196. © 2014 The Authors. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of SETAC.