SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

EDITOR'S NOTE

  1. Top of page
  2. EDITOR'S NOTE

The following is supplemental data and information provided by the author to support research presented in IEAM 1(4): 333–342.Figure A1., Figure A2.

thumbnail image

Figure Figure A1.. Cumulative frequency plots of copper roof runoff loading rate estimations for 177 locations for the years 1994–2000. Data for Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands are omitted.

Download figure to PowerPoint

thumbnail image

Figure Figure A2.. Cumulative frequency plots of copper roof runoff export rate and copper roof runoff concentration estimations for 177 locations for the years 1994–2000. Data for Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands are omitted.

Download figure to PowerPoint

Table Table A1.. Summary data for copper roof runoff estimations for 179 locations in the United Statesa
       Copper runoff rates   
    2000199919981997199619951994HighLowHigh
  1. a Data for Hawaii (HI) are based on 7 y (1987–1993) and data for the U.S. Virgin Islands (VI) are based on 3 y (1998–2000). Data for all other locations are based on 7 y (1994–2000). In all cases Cu is presented as total copper (i.e., dissolved plus particulate copper).

  2. b Number of years that annual mean pH was higher than the highest pH used to develop and assess the model.

  3. c Number of years that annual mean precipitation was lower than the lowest precipitation used to develop and assess the model.

  4. d Number of years that annual mean precipitation was higher than the highest precipitation used to develop and assess the model.

Site IDCountyLatitudeLongitudeg/m2/yg/m2/yg/m2/yg/m2/yg/m2/yg/m2/yg/m2/ypHbPrecipitationcPrecipitationd
AKFairbanks North Star65°09′17″147°29′10″1.311.201.181.171.281.241.30050
AKDenali63°43′250″148°57′50″1.261.241.211.281.221.231.26070
ALDallas32°27′30″87°14′32″1.792.302.122.452.563.092.23000
ALDe Kalb34°17′16″85°58′08″2.582.842.472.912.742.892.78000
ARBradley33°36′18″92°05′50″2.292.332.183.052.482.172.53000
ARClark34°10′46″93°05′55″2.412.332.162.712.382.463.13000
ARMarion36°05′02″92°35′13″2.002.042.112.052.432.182.95000
ARWashington36°06′02″94°10′24″1.911.921.912.032.222.192.05000
AZCoconino36°04′18″112°09′18″1.321.281.361.301.221.331.26040
AZPima31°57′02″112°48′00″1.151.251.281.171.191.191.20070
AZGraham33°04′17″109°51′53″1.221.231.311.291.261.281.40070
CALos Angeles34°12′26″117°45′40″1.371.271.861.371.821.711.45010
CAMendocino39°00′17″123°05′05″1.491.481.871.581.722.081.50000
CATulare36°34′01″118°46′38″1.611.261.691.451.681.691.40000
CASiskiyou41°45′57″122°28′42″1.161.151.371.251.241.301.14040
CAYolo38°32′07″121°46′30″1.151.091.191.121.181.161.14420
CATuolumne37°47′46″119°51′29″1.671.432.001.431.771.941.52000
COAlamosa37°26′29″105°51′55″1.191.131.181.171.121.181.18060
COBent38°07′04″103°18′58″1.121.291.231.171.241.251.20050
COBoulder40°03′19″105°35′18″3.433.202.423.023.242.852.42000
COGarfield39°24′11″107°20′28″1.381.381.321.451.321.661.39000
COLarimer40°21′51″105°34′55″1.271.391.381.451.341.531.36030
COTeller39°06′04″105°05′31″1.401.581.531.521.491.601.53040
COWeld40°48′23″104°45′17″1.151.201.171.321.291.241.20040
COMineral37°28′07″106°47′25″2.141.882.292.462.592.382.39000
COGarfield39°25′38″107°22′47″1.541.551.551.551.441.731.50000
CORoutt40°32′05″106°46′48″1.871.831.942.152.002.191.82000
COBoulder39°59′38″105°28′48″1.391.551.481.591.411.621.48000
COSan Juan37°45′05″107°41′07″1.651.711.711.901.791.871.80000
CORoutt40°32′16″106°40′35″2.361.952.192.482.382.532.05000
COLarimer40°17′16″105°39′46″1.721.771.781.962.042.072.13000
COMontezuma37°11′53″108°29′25″1.371.421.431.531.381.441.52020
FLBradford29°58′29″82°11′53″2.232.112.642.122.522.802.89000
FLDade25°23′24″80°40′48″2.302.212.282.771.972.262.22000
FLGadsden30°32′53″84°36′03″2.352.102.482.652.452.583.24000
FLSarasota27°22′48″82°17′02″2.112.202.532.492.052.732.33000
FLBrevard28°32′34″80°38′40″1.963.112.443.652.852.973.06000
GAEvans32°08′28″81°58′17″2.182.132.352.112.262.272.80000
GAPike33°10′40″84°24′22″2.482.302.882.682.582.472.88000
GATift31°31′06″83°32′54″2.362.062.342.802.151.972.61000
HIHawaii19°25′10″155°14′25″2.201.691.851.911.401.401.36020
IAClayton42°54′35″91°28′12″1.481.802.041.781.681.661.74000
IALucas40°57′47″93°23′33″1.391.601.791.651.631.761.70000
IDButte43°27′41″113°33′17″1.181.171.351.251.161.321.19050
IDOwyhee43°12′19″116°44′57″1.121.101.301.201.411.311.16060
IDValley44°17′52″116°03′49″1.521.471.501.531.631.501.35000
ILChampaign40°03′12″88°22′19″2.252.722.842.492.532.302.36000
ILDu Page41°42′04″87°59′43″2.212.532.862.352.582.312.32000
ILPope37°26′08″88°40′19″2.722.533.143.243.233.143.22000
INHuntington40°50′24″85°27′50″2.532.623.042.742.572.432.42000
INKnox38°44′27″87°29′08″2.942.853.382.762.932.493.00000
INPorter41°37′57″87°05′16″2.262.252.362.442.582.282.17000
INTippecanoe40°28′31″86°59′32″2.252.482.782.392.752.342.81000
KSCrawford37°39′04″94°48′13″1.682.142.242.172.202.102.60000
KSRiley39°06′08″96°36′33″1.381.811.951.731.601.681.45000
KSScott38°40′18″100°54′59″1.251.271.321.261.431.331.19010
KYWashington37°42′17″85°02′56″2.452.532.842.942.792.532.98000
KYLetcher37°04′40″82°59′37″2.662.563.002.673.052.682.85000
KYRowan38°07′06″83°32′49″2.662.422.442.942.682.982.81000
LAIberia29°55′47″91°42′55″2.562.432.123.242.542.732.30000
LAWashington30°48′41″90°10′51″2.382.622.663.122.733.192.55000
MABarnstable41°58′33″70°01′29″2.812.522.942.983.062.893.07000
MAFranklin42°23′33″72°20′40″3.493.142.953.163.692.943.74000
MAMiddlesex42°23′02″71°12′53″2.942.713.362.733.282.243.21000
MDCarroll39°24′32″76°59′43″3.023.283.492.624.052.713.46000
MDQueen Anne38°54′47″76°09′09″3.103.372.593.083.442.923.61000
MEAroostook46°52′08″68°00′53″2.092.132.152.232.222.202.56000
MECumberland44°06′27″70°43′44″2.482.602.493.183.372.322.66000
MEPiscataquis45°29′23″69°39′52″2.222.402.482.522.892.442.63000
MEHancock44°22′26″68°15′38″2.992.663.112.782.973.022.96000
MICheboygan45°33′39″84°40′42″1.982.372.272.052.402.512.20000
MIKalamazoo42°24′37″85°23′34″1.612.142.392.452.292.412.87000
MIWexford44°13′27″85°49′07″2.162.242.352.182.582.342.46000
MIKeweenaw48°03′27″88°38′03″1.231.351.381.341.511.471.46050
MIChippewa46°22′27″84°44′29″1.762.142.041.922.542.602.14000
MIHoughton47°06′17″88°33′05″1.661.871.781.762.131.911.75000
MNItasca47°31′52″93°28′07″1.441.481.541.501.601.631.44000
MNLake47°56′47″91°29′46″1.521.591.651.381.581.511.57000
MNMorrison46°14′58″94°29′50″1.421.471.471.301.471.771.61000
MNRedwood44°14′14″95°18′02″1.291.191.511.381.331.551.37000
MOBoone38°45′13″92°11′56″2.091.891.382.111.912.482.27010
MOButler36°54′39″90°19′07″2.191.982.762.682.872.602.74000
MSHinds32°18′24″90°19′06″2.252.162.573.042.512.442.53000
MSNewton32°20′05″89°09′57″2.232.182.853.382.542.822.85000
MSYalobusha34°00′09″89°48′00″2.602.472.492.702.522.582.85000
MTBig Horn45°34′07″107°26′15″1.251.311.331.251.241.271.23070
MTFlathead48°30′37″113°59′45″1.451.431.581.671.911.781.51000
MTJefferson46°29′06″112°03′53″1.241.231.381.371.321.361.28040
MTRavalli45°41′30″113°57′56″1.411.391.531.591.551.671.57000
MTHill48°29′57″109°47′51″1.201.201.261.171.221.331.23060
NCBertie36°07′57″77°10′17″2.443.482.682.123.042.882.51000
NCMacon35°03′38″83°25′50″2.923.083.173.653.623.493.62000
NCRowan35°41′49″80°37′21″2.613.002.412.562.503.492.65000
NCSampson35°01′33″78°16′42″2.332.372.392.292.312.252.15000
NCScotland34°58′15″79°31′42″2.562.722.742.662.972.913.19000
NCWake35°43′42″78°40′49″2.702.582.962.382.872.592.47000
NCYancey35°44′07″82°17′10″3.384.124.003.954.033.553.54000
NDMcKenzie47°36′05″103°15′51″1.131.141.391.131.271.351.34120
NDPembina48°46′57″97°45′15″1.351.151.351.281.321.381.17000
NDStutsman47°07′32″99°14′13″1.151.141.111.211.261.261.24310
NESaunders41°09′11″96°29′34″1.251.391.481.301.301.311.43000
NELincoln41°03′33″100°44′47″1.271.211.201.241.401.271.24000
NHGrafton43°56′35″71°42′12″3.102.943.092.993.413.093.00000
NJMercer40°18′54″74°51′17″2.832.962.972.723.842.723.93000
NMCatron33°13′13″108°14′05″1.281.371.361.421.381.411.40050
NMLos Alamos35°46′54″106°16′03″1.271.361.301.531.351.381.43050
NVClark36°08′09″115°25′32″1.111.101.161.141.081.261.10070
NVLyon38°47′57″119°15′24″1.061.081.131.091.191.201.10070
NVWhite Pine39°00′18″114°12′57″1.261.171.321.241.311.151.28060
NYCayuga42°44′02″76°39′35″2.862.672.632.442.972.622.65000
NYChautauqua42°17′58″79°23′47″3.533.212.853.403.592.702.52000
NYEssex43°58′21″74°13′15″2.912.453.002.933.092.823.22000
NYOswego43°31′34″75°56′50″3.363.613.753.733.793.183.21000
NYSteuben42°06′23″77°32′09″2.742.462.802.342.962.283.19000
NYUlster41°59′39″74°30′13″3.933.313.303.224.853.353.94000
NYOrange41°21′03″74°02′55″3.593.443.303.234.412.973.66000
OHButler39°31′53″84°43′27″3.132.593.022.853.593.222.68000
OHDelaware40°21′19″83°03′58″2.802.622.572.653.023.662.85000
OHNoble39°47′34″81°31′52″3.413.753.363.404.203.273.56000
OHWayne40°46′56″81°55′12″2.652.442.652.633.162.672.87000
OKAlfalfa36°48′19″98°12′02″1.591.811.692.071.611.691.72000
OKMcClain34°58′48″97°31′17″1.691.851.692.051.882.001.79000
OKTexas36°35′27″101°37′03″1.151.351.151.181.401.261.25020
ORBenton44°23′08″123°36′55″1.711.942.081.992.122.051.78000
ORLake43°07′18″121°03′28″1.211.191.341.231.271.241.18060
ORLane44°12′48″122°15′12″2.062.262.402.312.812.432.19001
ORUnion45°13′28″118°30′41″1.381.231.371.341.411.431.34000
ORBenton44°38′05″123°11′24″1.431.471.641.561.781.591.40000
ORClackamas45°26′57″122°09′12″2.142.162.332.292.602.412.15000
PACentre40°47′18″77°56′45″3.122.923.333.074.282.743.83000
PAHuntingdon40°39′27″77°56′23″2.953.163.452.703.912.733.88000
PAPike41°19′39″74°49′13″3.433.013.132.864.242.874.24000
PARio Grande18°19′21″65°49′13″2.522.403.452.223.002.662.17002
SCClarendon33°32′22″80°26′06″2.472.302.422.862.512.982.89000
SDJackson43°56′57″101°51′30″1.231.291.391.491.491.341.26010
SDBeadle44°21′18″98°17′27″1.131.201.361.251.231.331.18000
TNAnderson35°57′41″84°17′14″3.373.553.333.824.263.423.97000
TNSevier35°39′52″83°35′25″2.703.113.573.963.692.883.70000
TNHaywood35°28′04″89°09′31″2.232.382.712.912.862.563.12000
TXBailey33°57′28″102°46′34″1.191.381.221.421.171.171.19050
TXBee28°28′00″97°42′25″1.541.441.852.041.491.481.92000
TXBrewster29°18′08″103°10′38″1.291.141.221.131.161.171.14070
TXColorado29°39′41″96°15′34″2.031.832.432.591.842.112.26000
TXEdwards30°15′41″100°33′18″1.551.301.561.551.421.481.52000
TXGregg32°22′43″94°42′42″2.772.092.362.972.312.422.70000
TXCulberson31°54′30″104°48′10″1.211.211.261.251.351.181.23040
TXNacogdoches31°33′38″94°51′39″2.372.132.303.031.971.912.51000
TXWise33°23′30″97°38′23″1.581.491.652.001.711.611.93000
UTCache41°39′30″111°53′49″1.121.101.141.191.151.081.10530
UTRich41°21′27″111°02′55″1.151.251.311.251.151.261.20070
UTEmery38°59′54″110°09′55″1.101.101.231.161.051.151.13070
UTGarfield37°37′07″112°10′22″1.281.321.471.461.211.341.30030
VAAlbemarle38°02′23″78°32′31″2.852.953.283.273.683.323.72000
VAGiles37°19′53″80°33′27″2.142.402.852.523.172.612.97000
VAMadison38°31′21″78°26′09″2.583.002.843.074.163.273.41000
VISt. John18°20′11″64°47′47″1.911.611.53    000
VTBennington42°52′34″73°09′48″3.302.843.052.723.542.913.21000
VTChittenden44°31′42″72°52′08″2.892.613.472.983.513.393.36000
WAJefferson47°51′36″123°55′55″2.423.172.703.031.892.803.03004
WASkagit48°32′26″121°26′43″2.482.962.493.152.802.872.79000
WAPierce46°50′07″122°17′12″1.872.111.982.112.211.931.83000
WAWhitman46°45′38″117°11′05″1.311.331.371.381.441.381.35000
WIFlorence45°47′47″88°23′58″1.731.731.671.661.791.931.83000
WIOconto45°03′12″88°22′22″1.821.721.871.892.312.092.00000
WIPortage44°39′52″89°39′08″1.631.551.851.751.692.041.61000
WIVilas46°03′10″89°39′11″1.611.761.711.741.951.901.80000
WIWashburn45°49′22″91°52′28″1.611.561.511.521.751.621.53000
WIVernon43°42′07″90°34′07″1.551.621.891.791.851.881.76000
WIWalworth42°34′45″88°30′02″2.162.432.321.862.142.341.96000
WVFayette37°58′48″80°57′00″3.362.843.853.053.952.973.21000
WVTucker39°05′23″79°39′44″3.052.833.773.404.153.174.43000
WVAlbany41°22′34″106°15′34″1.882.222.182.101.942.211.79000
WYFremont42°44′02″108°51′00″1.241.351.521.431.251.471.27020
WYSublette42°55′44″109°47′12″1.231.231.371.311.231.391.30070
WYPark44°55′02″110°25′13″1.191.321.291.321.291.251.22050
WYAlbany41°21′53″106°14′27″1.872.081.962.001.962.121.67000
WYFremont42°29′41″108°49′45″1.341.371.481.431.481.531.38000
WYSublette43°13′22″109°59′28″1.271.271.411.461.331.451.29030
WYWeston43°52′24″104°11′32″1.251.421.451.461.481.371.27020
Table Table A2.. Summary data for copper roof runoff estimations for 179 locations in the United Statesa
    Copper runoff ratesGeometric mean
    MeanSDCVMedian 
  1. a Data for Hawaii (HI) are based on 7 y (1987–1993) and data for the U.S. Virgin Islands (VI) are based on 3 y (1998–2000). Data for all other locations are based on 7 y (1994–2000). In all cases Cu is presented as total copper (i.e., dissolved plus particulate copper).

Site IDCountyLatitudeLongitudeg/m2sol;yg/m2/y(%)g/m2/yg/m2/y
AKFairbanks North Star65°09′17″147°29′10″1.240.064.821.171.24
AKDenali63°43′25″148°57′50″1.240.021.891.171.24
ALDallas32°27′30″87°14′32″2.360.4017.122.222.34
ALDe Kalb34°17′16″85°58′08″2.750.165.902.692.74
ARBradley33°36′18″92°05′50″2.430.3112.572.252.42
ARClark34°10′46″93°05′55″2.510.3212.682.332.49
ARMarion36°05′02″92°35′13″2.250.3415.092.032.23
ARWashington36°06′02″94°10′24″2.030.136.521.952.03
AZCoconino36°04′18″112°09′18″1.30.053.741.231.29
AZPima31°57′02″112°48′00″1.200.043.691.121.20
AZGraham33°04′17″109°51′53″1.280.064.771.211.28
CALos Angeles34°12′26″117°45′40″1.550.2415.621.381.53
CAMendocino39°00′17″123°05′05″1.680.2313.791.501.66
CATulare36°34′01″118°46′38″1.540.1711.021.531.53
CASiskiyou41°45′57″122°28′42″1.230.086.901.171.23
CAYolo38°32′07″121°46′30″1.150.032.941.081.15
CATuolumne37°47′46″119°51′29″1.680.2313.931.601.67
COAlamosa37°26′29″105°51′55″1.170.032.411.101.17
COBent38°07′04″103°18′58″1.210.064.741.161.21
COBoulder40°03′19″105°35′18″2.940.4013.542.932.92
COGarfield39°24′11″107°20′28″1.410.128.231.301.41
COLarimer40°21′51″105°34′55″1.390.086.021.311.39
COTeller39°06′04″105°05′31″1.520.074.311.451.52
COWeld40°48′23″104°45′17″1.230.065.201.131.22
COMineral37°28′07″106°47′25″2.310.2310.152.302.29
COGarfield39°25′38″107°22′47″1.550.095.871.471.55
CORoutt40°32′05″106°46′48″1.970.157.651.861.97
COBoulder39°59′38″105°28′48″1.50.095.831.411.50
COSan Juan37°45′05″107°41′07″1.770.095.171.711.77
CORoutt40°32′16″106°40′35″2.280.229.662.282.27
COLarimer40°17′16″105°39′46″1.920.168.491.881.92
COMontezuma37°11′53″108°29′25″1.440.064.171.361.44
FLBradford29°58′29″82°11′53″2.470.3213.042.432.45
FLDade25°23′24″80°40′48″2.290.2410.522.172.28
FLGadsden30°32′53″84°36′03″2.550.3513.782.402.53
FLSarasota27°22′48″82°17′02″2.350.2510.532.252.34
FLBrevard28°32′34″80°38′40″2.860.5418.742.882.82
GAEvans32°08′28″81°58′17″2.300.2310.192.172.29
GAPike33°10′40″84°24′22″2.610.228.352.492.60
GATift31°31′06″83°32′54″2.330.3012.792.262.31
HIHawaii19°25′10″155°14′25″1.690.3218.921.691.66
IAClayton42°54′35″91°28′12″1.740.179.691.661.73
IALucas40°57′47″93°23′33″1.650.138.021.571.64
IDButte43°27′41″113°33′17″1.230.086.261.121.23
IDOwyhee43°12′19″116°44′57″1.230.119.321.131.22
IDValley44°17′52″116°03′49″1.50.085.521.421.50
ILChampaign40°03′12″88°22′19″2.500.228.752.402.49
ILDu Page41°42′04″87°59′43″2.450.229.012.272.44
ILPope37°26′08″88°40′19″3.030.299.453.053.02
INHuntington40°50′24″85°27′50″2.620.228.322.482.61
INKnox38°44′27″87°29′08″2.910.279.222.842.90
INPorter41°37′57″87°05′16″2.340.145.952.192.33
INTippecanoe40°28′31″86°59′32″2.540.239.112.392.53
KSCrawford37°39′04″94°48′13″2.160.2712.492.082.15
KSRiley39°06′08″96°36′33″1.660.2012.021.601.65
KSScott38°40′18″100°54′59″1.290.085.911.201.29
KYWashington37°42′17″85°02′56″2.720.227.952.702.71
KYLetcher37°04′40″82°59′37″2.780.196.792.592.78
KYRowan38°07′06″83°32′49″2.700.228.212.602.70
LAIberia29°55′47″91°42′55″2.560.3614.042.452.54
LAWashington30°48′41″90°10′51″2.750.3010.892.572.74
MABarnstable41°58′33″70°01′29″2.900.196.512.852.89
MAFranklin42°23′33″72°20′40″3.300.3310.133.073.29
MAMiddlesex42°23′02″71°12′53″2.920.4013.652.852.90
MDCarroll39°24′32″76°59′43″3.230.5015.383.183.20
MDQueen Anne38°54′47″76°09′09″3.160.3510.983.013.14
MEAroostook46°52′08″68°00′53″2.230.167.032.122.22
MECumberland44°06′27″70°43′44″2.730.3914.462.512.70
MEPiscataquis45°29′23″69°39′52″2.510.218.322.402.50
MEHancock44°22′26″68°15′38″2.930.155.242.882.92
MICheboygan45°33′39″84°40′42″2.250.198.612.192.25
MIKalamazoo42°24′37″85°23′34″2.310.3816.382.312.28
MIWexford44°13′27″85°49′07″2.330.156.582.252.33
MIKeweenaw48°03′27″88°38′03″1.390.096.751.311.39
MIChippewa46°22′27″84°44′29″2.160.3114.242.062.14
MIHoughton47°06′17″88°33′05″1.840.158.281.701.83
MNItasca47°31′52″93°28′07″1.520.074.901.431.52
MNLake47°56′47″91°29′46″1.540.095.541.501.54
MNMorrison46°14′58″94°29′50″1.50.159.931.401.50
MNRedwood44°14′14″95°18′02″1.370.129.021.301.37
MOBoone38°45′13″92°11′56″2.020.3517.282.011.99
MOButler36°54′39″90°19′07″2.550.3313.022.602.53
MSHinds32°18′24″90°19′06″2.500.2811.312.432.49
MSNewton32°20′05″89°09′57″2.690.4215.442.732.67
MSYalobusha34°00′09″89°48′00″2.600.135.162.492.60
MTBig Horn45°34′07″107°26′15″1.270.043.141.181.27
MTFlathead48°30′37″113°59′45″1.620.1811.151.501.61
MTJefferson46°29′06″112°03′53″1.310.064.701.241.31
MTRavalli45°41′30″113°57′56″1.530.106.341.471.53
MTHill48°29′57″109°47′51″1.230.054.111.151.23
NCBertie36°07′57″77°10′17″2.730.4416.232.592.70
NCMacon35°03′38″83°25′50″3.370.308.953.403.35
NCRowan35°41′49″80°37′21″2.750.3813.762.532.73
NCSampson35°01′33″78°16′42″2.300.083.582.232.30
NCScotland34°58′15″79°31′42″2.820.227.652.652.81
NCWake35°43′42″78°40′49″2.650.217.822.512.64
NCYancey35°44′07″82°17′10″3.800.307.813.853.79
NDMcKenzie47°36′05″103°15′51″1.250.129.251.201.25
NDPembina48°46′57″97°45′15″1.290.096.991.241.28
NDStutsman47°07′32″99°14′13″1.200.065.181.141.20
NESaunders41°09′11″96°29′34″1.350.086.011.231.35
NELincoln41°03′33″100°44′47″1.260.075.421.171.26
NHGrafton43°56′35″71°42′12″3.090.155.013.003.09
NJMercer40°18′54″74°51′17″3.140.5216.592.873.10
NMCatron33°13′13″108°14′05″1.370.053.371.301.37
NMLos Alamos35°46′54″106°16′03″1.380.096.201.291.37
NVClark36°08′09″115°25′32″1.140.065.121.041.13
NVLyon38°47′57″119°15′24″1.120.054.791.031.12
NVWhite Pine39°00′18″114°12′57″1.250.065.211.201.25
NYCayuga42°44′02″76°39′35″2.690.176.372.572.69
NYChautauqua42°17′58″79°23′47″3.110.4313.653.123.09
NYEssex43°58′21″74°13′15″2.920.248.272.842.91
NYOswego43°31′34″75°56′50″3.520.267.433.513.51
NYSteuben42°06′23″77°32′09″2.680.3412.552.652.67
NYUlster41°59′39″74°30′13″3.700.5916.013.263.66
NYOrange41°21′03″74°02′55″3.510.4613.023.343.49
OHButler39°31′53″84°43′27″3.010.3411.442.932.99
OHDelaware40°21′19″83°03′58″2.880.3813.112.722.86
OHNoble39°47′34″81°31′52″3.560.328.983.313.55
OHWayne40°46′56″81°55′12″2.730.238.352.572.72
OKAlfalfa36°48′19″98°12′02″1.740.169.301.611.73
OKMcClain34°58′48″97°31′17″1.850.147.731.771.84
OKTexas36°35′27″101°37′03″1.250.107.881.181.25
ORBenton44°23′08″123°36′55″1.950.167.981.911.95
ORLake43°07′18″121°03′28″1.240.054.371.161.24
ORLane44°12′48″122°15′12″2.350.2410.122.222.34
ORUnion45°13′28″118°30′41″1.360.074.821.301.36
ORBenton44°38′05″123°11′24″1.550.138.611.481.55
ORClackamas45°26′57″122°09′12″2.290.177.372.212.29
PACentre40°47′18″77°56′45″3.330.5416.353.023.29
PAHuntingdon40°39′27″77°56′23″3.250.5115.623.073.22
PAPike41°19′39″74°49′13″3.400.6117.833.043.35
PARio Grande18°19′21″65°49′13″2.630.4617.342.432.60
SCClarendon33°32′22″80°26′06″2.630.2710.192.422.62
SDJackson43°56′57″101°51′30″1.350.117.821.261.35
SDBeadle44°21′18″98°17′27″1.240.086.511.161.24
TNAnderson35°57′41″84°17′14″3.680.359.533.453.66
TNSevier35°39′52″83°35′25″3.380.4814.093.483.35
TNHaywood35°28′04″89°09′31″2.680.3111.642.622.67
TXBailey33°57′28″102°46′34″1.250.118.571.121.24
TXBee28°28′00″97°42′25″1.680.2514.761.471.66
TXBrewster29°18′08″103°10′38″1.180.064.891.081.18
TXColorado29°39′41″96°15′34″2.160.2913.402.032.14
TXEdwards30°15′41″100°33′18″1.480.096.341.441.48
TXGregg32°22′43″94°42′42″2.520.3112.152.342.50
TXCulberson31°54′30″104°48′10″1.240.054.351.161.24
TXNacogdoches31°33′38″94°51′39″2.320.3816.302.212.29
TXWise33°23′30″97°38′23″1.710.1911.031.571.70
UTCache41°39′30″111°53′49″1.120.043.431.041.12
UTRich41°21′27″111°02′55″1.220.064.981.181.22
UTEmery38°59′54″110°09′55″1.130.065.071.061.13
UTGarfield37°37′07″112°10′22″1.340.107.181.251.34
VAAlbemarle38°02′23″78°32′31″3.290.339.943.193.28
VAGiles37°19′53″80°33′27″2.660.3513.302.522.64
VAMadison38°31′21″78°26′09″3.190.5115.892.983.16
VISt. John18°20′11″64°47′47″1.680.2011.901.611.68
VTBennington42°52′34″73°09′48″3.080.299.343.053.07
VTChittenden44°31′42″72°52′08″3.170.3510.903.273.16
WAJefferson47°51′36″123°55′55″2.720.4416.242.712.69
WASkagit48°32′26″121°26′43″2.790.248.612.712.78
WAPierce46°50′07″122°17′12″2.010.147.051.902.00
WAWhitman46°45′38″117°11′05″1.370.043.101.291.37
WIFlorence45°47′47″88°23′58″1.760.105.401.661.76
WIOconto45°03′12″88°22′22″1.960.2010.031.811.95
WIPortage44°39′52″89°39′08″1.730.179.681.611.72
WIVilas46°03′10″89°39′11″1.780.126.591.681.78
WIWashburn45°49′22″91°52′28″1.580.095.381.491.58
WIVernon43°42′07″90°34′07″1.760.137.471.711.76
WIWalworth42°34′45″88°30′02″2.170.219.602.072.16
WVFayette37°58′48″80°57′00″3.320.4313.063.123.30
WVTucker39°05′23″79°39′44″3.540.5916.753.303.50
WVAlbany41°22′34″106°15′34″2.050.178.462.022.04
WYFremont42°44′02″108°51′00″1.360.118.191.281.36
WYSublette42°55′44″109°47′12″1.290.075.091.231.29
WYPark44°55′02″110°25′13″1.270.054.161.221.27
WYAlbany41°21′53″106°14′27″1.950.157.671.881.95
WYFremont42°29′41″108°49′45″1.430.074.971.351.43
WYSublette43°13′22″109°59′28″1.350.086.121.261.35
WYWeston43°52′24″104°11′32″1.380.096.711.341.38
Table Table A3.. Summary data for copper roof runoff estimations for 179 locations in the United Statesa
    Copper runoff export rates and concentrationsGeometric mean
    MeanSDCVMedian 
    mg/mm/m2mg/mm/m2(%)mg/mm/m2mg/mm/m2
  1. a Data for Hawaii (HI) are based on 7 y (1987–1993) and data for the U.S. Virgin Islands (VI) are based on 3 y (1998–2000). Data for all other locations are based on 7 y (1994–2000). In all cases Cu is presented as total copper (i.e., dissolved plus particulate copper).

Site IDCountyLatitudeLongitudeor mg/Lor mg/L or mg/lor mg/L
AKFairbanks North Star65°09′17″147°29′10″3.840.6617.341.173.79
AKDenali63°43′25″148°57′50″3.670.318.501.173.66
ALDallas32°27′30″87°14′32″2.120.188.672.222.12
ALDe Kalb34°17′16″85°58′08″2.030.2311.422.692.02
ARBradley33°36′18″92°05′50″1.920.084.382.251.92
ARClark34°10′46″93°05′55″1.910.2111.222.331.90
ARMarion36°05′02″92°35′13″2.220.156.562.032.22
ARWashington36°06′02″94°10′24″1.800.137.331.951.80
AZCoconino36°04′18″112°09′18″3.460.6418.441.233.41
AZPima31°57′02″112°48′00″6.241.4723.541.126.09
AZGraham33°04′17″109°51′53″5.611.0919.391.215.52
CALos Angeles34°12′26″117°45′40″2.540.9838.651.382.40
CAMendocino39°00′17″123°05′05″1.750.3520.011.501.72
CATulare36°34′01″118°46′38″1.470.4228.821.531.43
CASiskiyou41°45′57″122°28′42″3.571.2936.091.173.37
CAYolo38°32′07″121°46′30″2.530.9437.101.082.40
CATuolumne37°47′46″119°51′29″1.390.4230.461.601.34
COAlamosa37°26′29″105°51′55″7.141.0214.241.107.08
COBent38°07′04″103°18′58″3.310.6619.941.163.26
COBoulder40°03′19″105°35′18″1.330.1410.912.931.32
COGarfield39°24′11″107°20′28″2.540.4015.681.302.51
COLarimer40°21′51″105°34′55″3.250.4814.871.313.22
COTeller39°06′04″105°05′31″3.640.4913.581.453.61
COWeld40°48′23″104°45′17″3.701.1029.841.133.56
COMineral37°28′07″106°47′25″1.630.116.912.301.62
COGarfield39°25′38″107°22′47″2.220.2812.551.472.20
CORoutt40°32′05″106°46′48″2.290.2912.491.862.28
COBoulder39°59′38″105°28′48″2.880.4013.811.412.85
COSan Juan37°45′05″107°41′07″2.120.188.421.712.11
CORoutt40°32′16″106°40′35″1.800.2011.312.281.79
COLarimer40°17′16″105°39′46″1.670.1710.151.881.66
COMontezuma37°11′53″108°29′25″3.640.7520.511.363.58
FLBradford29°58′29″82°11′53″2.080.2612.702.432.06
FLDade25°23′24″80°40′48″1.420.118.032.171.41
FLGadsden30°32′53″84°36′03″1.890.2513.272.401.87
FLSarasota27°22′48″82°17′02″1.730.2514.462.251.72
FLBrevard28°32′34″80°38′40″2.030.2512.152.882.02
GAEvans32°08′28″81°58′17″2.260.3013.212.172.24
GAPike33°10′40″84°24′22″2.180.2913.122.492.16
GATift31°31′06″83°32′54″1.980.199.652.261.97
HIHawaii19°25′10″155°14′25″3.240.8024.693.383.14
IAClayton42°54′35″91°28′12″2.020.167.721.662.02
IALucas40°57′47″93°23′33″2.080.3215.421.572.06
IDButte43°27′41″113°33′17″4.131.0725.961.124.01
IDOwyhee43°12′19″116°44′57″4.651.3528.931.134.50
IDValley44°17′52″116°03′49″1.910.4121.381.421.87
ILChampaign40°03′12″88°22′19″2.870.196.782.402.86
ILDu Page41°42′04″87°59′43″2.730.3010.812.272.72
ILPope37°26′08″88°40′19″2.360.135.523.052.35
INHuntington40°50′24″85°27′50″2.890.3512.102.482.87
INKnox38°44′27″87°29′08″2.660.3111.642.842.65
INPorter41°37′57″87°05′16″2.580.2610.022.192.57
INTippecanoe40°28′31″86°59′32″3.020.268.602.393.01
KSCrawford37°39′04″94°48′13″1.890.189.342.081.88
KSRiley39°06′08″96°36′33″2.050.2110.291.602.04
KSScott38°40′18″100°54′59″2.620.4115.741.202.59
KYWashington37°42′17″85°02′56″2.450.187.372.702.45
KYLetcher37°04′40″82°59′37″2.510.2911.512.592.50
KYRowan38°07′06″83°32′49″2.410.2711.292.602.40
LAIberia29°55′47″91°42′55″1.850.2714.642.451.83
LAWashington30°48′41″90°10′51″1.960.2613.422.571.95
MABarnstable41°58′33″70°01′29″2.360.2711.252.852.35
MAFranklin42°23′33″72°20′40″2.590.259.523.072.58
MAMiddlesex42°23′02″71°12′53″2.690.259.432.852.68
MDCarroll39°24′32″76°59′43″3.010.3310.903.183.00
MDQueen Anne38°54′47″76°09′09″2.920.217.043.012.91
MEAroostook46°52′08″68°00′53″2.380.197.992.122.37
MECumberland44°06′27″70°43′44″2.520.2710.822.512.51
MEPiscataquis45°29′23″69°39′52″2.220.3013.492.402.20
MEHancock44°22′26″68°15′38″2.120.188.522.882.12
MICheboygan45°33′39″84°40′42″3.000.3010.092.192.99
MIKalamazoo42°24′37″85°23′34″3.120.3210.152.313.10
MIWexford44°13′27″85°49′07″2.670.186.882.252.66
MIKeweenaw48°03′27″88°38′03″3.980.6215.661.313.93
MIChippewa46°22′27″84°44′29″2.970.3712.402.062.96
MIHoughton47°06′17″88°33′05″2.430.208.081.702.43
MNItasca47°31′52″93°28′07″1.870.158.091.431.87
MNLake47°56′47″91°29′46″2.490.3915.471.502.47
MNMorrison46°14′58″94°29′50″2.090.115.321.402.09
MNRedwood44°14′14″95°18′02″2.200.3013.501.302.18
MOBoone38°45′13″92°11′56″2.500.6827.302.012.43
MOButler36°54′39″90°19′07″2.090.2612.212.602.08
MSHinds32°18′24″90°19′06″1.920.168.362.431.92
MSNewton32°20′05″89°09′57″1.990.167.912.731.99
MSYalobusha34°00′09″89°48′00″1.840.179.022.491.83
MTBig Horn45°34′07″107°26′15″4.160.307.131.184.15
MTFlathead48°30′37″113°59′45″2.070.2914.031.502.05
MTJefferson46°29′06″112°03′53″3.750.4712.621.243.72
MTRavalli45°41′30″113°57′56″1.500.2315.201.471.49
MTHill48°29′57″109°47′51″4.270.6916.191.154.21
NCBertie36°07′57″77°10′17″2.230.198.422.592.22
NCMacon35°03′38″83°25′50″1.990.2411.873.401.98
NCRowan35°41′49″80°37′21″2.790.2910.252.532.78
NCSampson35°01′33″78°16′42″2.000.2814.192.231.99
NCScotland34°58′15″79°31′42″2.290.2510.972.652.28
NCWake35°43′42″78°40′49″2.290.219.302.512.28
NCYancey35°44′07″82°17′10″2.010.189.113.852.00
NDMcKenzie47°36′05″103°15′51″4.002.3358.211.203.62
NDPembina48°46′57″97°45′15″2.340.218.871.242.33
NDStutsman47°07′32″99°14′13″2.490.4718.721.142.45
NESaunders41°09′11″96°29′34″2.090.2712.791.232.08
NELincoln41°03′33″100°44′47″2.580.3011.691.172.56
NHGrafton43°56′35″71°42′12″2.570.218.133.002.56
NJMercer40°18′54″74°51′17″2.780.259.002.872.77
NMCatron33°13′13″108°14′05″4.120.5613.671.304.09
NMLos Alamos35°46′54″106°16′03″3.630.4412.151.293.61
NVClark36°08′09″115°25′32″6.911.8426.661.046.68
NVLyon38°47′57″119°15′24″8.274.5154.511.037.38
NVWhite Pine39°00′18″114°12′57″4.000.8821.921.203.93
NYCayuga42°44′02″76°39′35″3.260.299.032.573.25
NYChautauqua42°17′58″79°23′47″3.060.247.723.123.06
NYEssex43°58′21″74°13′15″2.630.2910.842.842.62
NYOswego43°31′34″75°56′50″2.850.269.093.512.84
NYSteuben42°06′23″77°32′09″3.260.195.892.653.25
NYUlster41°59′39″74°30′13″2.590.166.033.262.58
NYOrange41°21′03″74°02′55″2.720.207.523.342.71
OHButler39°31′53″84°43′27″2.990.3210.612.932.98
OHDelaware40°21′19″83°03′58″3.120.237.372.723.11
OHNoble39°47′34″81°31′52″3.140.216.743.313.14
OHWayne40°46′56″81°55′12″3.230.319.532.573.22
OKAlfalfa36°48′19″98°12′02″1.970.3115.621.611.95
OKMcClain34°58′48″97°31′17″2.030.2512.191.772.02
OKTexas36°35′27″101°37′03″2.80.5218.601.182.76
ORBenton44°23′08″123°36′55″1.100.1412.691.911.10
ORLake43°07′18″121°03′28″4.711.3027.511.164.57
ORLane44°12′48″122°15′12″0.990.1313.042.220.99
ORUnion45°13′28″118°83′41″2.370.3213.321.302.35
ORBenton44°38′05″123°11′24″1.550.2516.401.481.53
ORClackamas45°26′57″122°09′12″1.140.1311.832.211.13
PACentre40°47′18″77°56′45″2.960.217.093.022.95
PaHuntingdon40°39′27″77°56′23″3.110.319.963.073.10
PAPike41°19′39″74°49′13″2.820.165.813.042.81
PARio Grande18°19′21″65°49′13″0.890.1011.522.430.88
SCClarendon33°32′22″80°26′06″2.240.2410.842.422.23
SDJackson43°56′57″101°51′30″2.620.4015.181.262.60
SDBeadle44°21′18″98°17′27″2.430.3213.281.162.41
TNAnderson35°57′41″84°17′14″2.630.124.733.452.62
TNSevier35°39′52″83°35′25″2.020.136.513.482.02
TNHaywood35°28′00″89°09′31″2.1″0.115.372.622.10
TXBailey33°57′28″102°46′34″3.680.9625.931.123.57
TXBee28°28′00″97°42′25″2.410.4920.441.472.37
TXBrewster29°18′08″103°10′38″4.640.6313.641.084.60
TXColorado29°39′41″96°15′34″2.110.3616.822.032.09
TXEdwards30°15′41″100°33′18″2.640.238.671.442.63
TXGregg32°22′43″94°42′42″2.180.167.452.342.17
TXCulberson31°54′30″104°48′10″3.330.5015.081.163.30
TXNacogdoches31°33′38″94°51′39″2.000.3216.152.211.98
TXWise33°23′30″97°38′23″2.290.3113.701.572.27
UTCache41°39′30″111°53′49″2.490.5521.891.042.44
UTRich41°21′27″111°02′55″5.450.8315.161.185.40
UTEmery38°59′54″110°09′55″7.831.5820.121.067.69
UTGarfield37°37′07″112°10′22″3.710.8021.541.253.65
VAAlbemarle38°02′23″78°32′31″2.690.135.0″3.192.69
VAGiles37°19′53″80°33′27″2.590.2810.742.522.58
VAMadison38°31′21″78°26′09″2.230.2712.312.982.22
VISt. John18°20′11″64°47′47″1.770.3117.421.601.76
VTBennington42°52′34″73°09′48″2.860.3411.772.962.84
VTChittenden44°31′42″72°52′08″2.610.2810.653.272.60
WAJefferson47°51′36″123°55′55″0.840.1314.892.710.83
WASkagit48°32′26″121°26′43″1.320.1410.422.711.31
WAPierce46°50′07″122°17′12″1.780.2413.191.901.77
WAWhitman46°45′38″117°11′05″2.480.3614.471.292.46
WIFlorence45°47′47″88°23′58″2.620.3011.611.662.61
WIOconto45°03′12″88°22′22″2.580.259.731.812.57
WIPortage44°39′52″89°39′08″2.60.3212.171.612.59
WIVilas46°03′10″89°39′11″2.290.239.871.682.28
WIWashburn45°49′22″91°52′28″2.160.2511.51.492.14
WIVernon43°42′07″90°34′07″2.310.3113.451.712.29
WIWalworth42°34′45″88°30′02″2.600.3614.02.072.58
WVFayette37°58′48″80°57′00″2.690.134.793.122.68
WVTucker39°05′23″79°39′44″2.780.227.783.32.77
WVAlbany41°22′34″106°15′34″1.640.2515.412.021.63
WYFremont42°44′02″10°851′00″3.050.5317.351.283.01
WYSublette42°55′44″109°47′12″4.440.7516.81.234.39
WYPark44°55′02″110°25′13″3.300.3911.71.223.28
WYAlbany41°21′53″106°14′27″1.660.2716.461.881.64
WYFremont42°29′41″108°49′45″2.890.3411.931.352.87
WYSublette43°13′22″109°59′28″3.210.5115.991.263.17
WYWeston43°52′24″104°11′32″3.070.3310.91.343.05