SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Beltman WHJ, Adriaanse PI. 1999. Proposed standard scenarios for a surface water model in the Dutch authorization procedure of pesticides. Method to define standard scenarios determining exposure concentrations simulated by the TOXSWA model. Wageningen (NL): DLO Winand Staring Centre. Report 161.
  • Boxall ABA, Brown CD, Barrett KL. 2002. Review. Higher-tier laboratory methods for assessing the aquatic toxicity of pesticides. Pest Manag Sci 58: 637648.
  • Brock TCM, Crum SJH, Deneer JW, Heimbach F, Roijackers RMM, Sinkeldam JA. 2004. Comparing aquatic risk assessment methods for the phototsynthesis-inhibiting herbicides metribuzin and metamitron. Environ Pollut 130: 403426.
  • Brock TCM, Huijbrechts CAM, Van de Steeg-Huberts MJHA, Vlassak MA. 1982. In situ studies on the breakdown of Nymphoides peltata (Gmel.) O. Kuntze (Menyanthaceae): Some methodological aspects of the litter bag technique. Hydrol Bull 16: 3549.
  • Brock TCM, Lahr J, Van den Brink PJ. 2000. Ecological risks of freshwater ecosystems, part I: Herbicides. Wageningen (NL): Alterra Wageningen University and Research Centre. Report 088.
  • Brock TCM, Van Wijngaarden RPA, Van Geest GJ. 2000. Ecological risks of insecticides in freshwater ecosystems, part 2: Insecticides. Wageningen (The Netherlands): Alterra Wageningen University and Research Centre. Report 089.
  • Caux P-Y, Bastien C, Crowe A. 1996. Fate and impact of pesticides applied to potato cultures: The Nicolet River Basin. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 33: 175185.
  • Caux P-Y, Kent RA, Fan GT, Stephenson GL. 1996. Environmental fate and effects of chlorothalonil: A Canadian perspective. Crit Rev Environ Sci Tech 26: 4593.
  • Davies PE. 1988. Disappearance rates of chlorothalonil (TCIN) in the aquatic environment. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 40: 405409.
  • DeLorenzo ME, Serrano L. 2003. Individual and mixture toxicity of three pesticides: Atrazine, chlorpyrifos, and chlorothalonil to the marine phytoplankton species Dunaliella tertiolecta. J Environ Sci Health B 38: 529538.
  • Deneer JW. 2000. Toxicity of mixtures of pesticides in aquatic systems. Pest Manag Sci 56: 516520.
  • Deneer JW. 2003. Bestrijdingsmiddelen en teelten. Een verkenning van de risico's van het gebruik van bestrijdingsmiddelen voor waterorganismen binnen enkele landbouwkundige teelten. Wageningen (NL): Alterra. Report 494.
  • Drent J, Kersting K. 1993. Experimental ditches for research under natural conditions. Research Note. Water Res. 27: 14971500.
  • Ernst W, Doe K, Jonah P, Young J, Julien G, Hennigar P. 1991. The toxicity of chlorothalonil to aquatic fauna and the impact of its operational use on a pond ecosystem. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 21: 19.
  • [EU] European Union. 1997. Commission proposal for a council directive establishing Annex VI to Directive 91/414/EEC concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market. Brussels (BE): EU. Official communication C240.
  • Fairchild JF, Lapoint TW, Schwartz TR. 1994. Effects of an herbicide and insecticide mixture in aquatic mesocosms. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 27: 527533.
  • Fairchild JF, Sappington LC. 2002. Fate and effects of the Triazinone herbicide Metribuzin in experimental pond mesocosms. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 43: 198202.
  • Farmer D, Hill IR, Maund SJ. 1995. A comparison of the fate and effects of 2 pyrethroid insecticides (lambda-cyhalothrin and cypermethrin) in pond mesocosms. Ecotoxicology 4: 219244.
  • Fleeger JW, Carman KR, Nisbet RM. 2003. Indirect effects in aquatic ecosystems. Sci Total Environ 317: 207233.
  • [FOCUS] FOrum for Co-ordination of pesticide fate models and the USe. 2001. FOCUS Surface Water Scenarios in the EU Evaluation Process under 91/414/EEC. Report of the FOCUS Working Group on Surface Water Scenarios. Brussels (BE): EC SANCO. Report SANCO/4802/2001-rev.2
  • Ganzelmeier H, Rautmann D, Spangenberg R, Streloke M, Herrmann M, Wenzelburger H, Walter H-F. 1995. Studies on the spray drift of plant protection products. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land-, und Forstwirtschaft, Heft 304. Berlin (DE): Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag. 111 p.
  • Hand LH, Kuet SF, Lane MCG, Maund SJ, Warinton JS, Hill IR. 2001. Influences of aquatic plants on the fate of the pyrethroid insecticide lambda-cyhalothrin in aquatic environments. Environ Toxicol Chem 20: 17401745.
  • Hommen U, Veith D, Ratte HT. 1994. A computer program to evaluate plankton data from freshwater field tests. In: HillIA, HeimbachF, LeeuwanghP, MatthiesenP, editors. Freshwater field tests for hazard assessment of chemicals. Boca Raton (FL): Lewis. p 503513.
  • Huijsmans JMF, Porskamp HAJ, Van de Zande JC. 1997. Spray drift (reduction) in crop protection application technology. Evaluation of spray drift in orchards, field crops and nursery tree crops spraying (state-of-the-art December 1996). Wageningen (NL): DLO Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering (IMAG-DLO). IMAG-DLO Report 97–04.
  • Leistra M, Zweers AJ, Warinton JS, Crum SJH, Hand LH, Beltman WHJ, Maund SJ. 2003. Fate of the insecticide lambda-cyhalothrin in ditch enclosures differing in vegetation density. Pest Manag Sci 60: 7584.
  • Maund SJ, Hamer MJ, Warinton JS, Kedwards TJ. 1998. Aquatic ecotoxicology of the pyrethroid insecticide lambda-cyhalothrin: Considerations for higher-tier aquatic risk assessment. Pestic Sci 54: 408417.
  • Maund SJ, Sherratt TN, Stickland T, Biggs J, Williams P, Shillabeer N, Jepson P. 1997. Ecological considerations in pesticide risk assessment for aquatic ecosystems. Pest Sci 49: 185190.
  • Moed JR, Hallgraeff GM. 1978. Some problems in the estimation of chlorophyll-a and phaeopigments from pre- and post-acidification spectrophotometric measurements. Int Rev Gesamten Hydrobiol 63: 787800.
  • Muszkat L, Feigelson L, Bir L, Muszka KA. 1998. Reaction patterns in photooxidative degradation of two herbicides. Chemosphere 36: 14851492.
  • Muszkat L, Feigelson L, Bir L, Muszka KA. 2002. Photocatalytic degradation of pesticides and bio-molecules in water. Pest Manag Sci 58: 11431148.
  • [OECD] Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 2000. OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals. Draft proposal for a new guideline 308. Aerobic and anaerobic transformation in aquatic sediment systems. Paris, France.
  • Roessink I, Arts GHP, Belgers JDM, Bransen F, Maund SJ, Brock TCM. 2005. Effects of lambda-cyhalothrin in two ditch microcosm systems of different trophic status. Environ Toxicol Chem 24: 16841696.
  • Ronday R, Aalderink GH, Crum SJH. 1998. Application methods of pesticides to an aquatic mesocosm in order to simulate effects of spray drift. Water Res 32: 147153.
  • [SANCO] Santé des Consommateurs. 2002. Guidance document on aquatic ecotoxicology in the context of the directive 91/414/EEC. Brussels, Belgium: European Commission Health and Consumer Protection Directorate General. SANCO/3268/2001 rev. 4 (final).
  • Sanderson H. 2002. Pesticide studies—Replicability of micro/mesocosms. Environ Sci Pollut Res 9: 429435.
  • Sherratt TN, Roberts G. Williams P, Whitfield M, Biggs J, Shillabeer N, Maund SJ. 1999. A life-history approach to predicting the recovery of aquatic invertebrate populations after exposure to xenobiotic chemicals. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 25122518.
  • Ter Braak CJF, Smilauer P. 1998. CANOCO 4. Ithaca (NY): Microcomputer Power. 351 p.
  • TomlinCDS, editor. 2000. The pesticide manual. 12th ed. Furnham (UK): British Crop Protection Council. 1250 p.
  • [USEPA] US Environmental Protection Agency. 1998. Guidelines for ecological risk assessment. Cincinnati (OH): EPA 630/R-95/02F.
  • Van den Brink PJ, Hartgers EM, Gylstra R, Bransen F, Brock TCM. 2002. The effects of a mixture of two insecticides on freshwater microcosms, II: Water quality, responses of zooplankton, phytoplankton and periphyton and ecological risk assessment. Ecotoxicology 11: 181197.
  • Van den Brink PJ, Hattink J, Bransen F, Van Donk E, Brock TCM. 2000. Impact of the fungicide carbendazim in freshwater microcosms, II: Zooplankton, primary producers and final conclusions. Aquat Toxicol 48: 251264.
  • Van den Brink PJ, Ter Braak CJF. 1998. Multivariate analysis of stress in experimental ecosystems by principal response curves and similarity analysis. Aquat Ecol 32: 163178.
  • Van den Brink PJ, Ter Braak CJF. 1999. Principal response curves: Analysis of time-dependent multivariate responses of biological community to stress. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 138148.
  • Van den Brink PJ, Van Wijngaarden RPA, Lucassen WGH, Brock TCM, Leeuwangh P. 1996. Effects of the insecticide Dursban 4E (active ingredient chlorpyrifos) in outdoor experimental ditches, II: Invertebrate community responses and recovery. Environ Toxicol Chem 15: 11431153.
  • Van Wijngaarden RPA, Cuppen JGM, Arts GHP, Crum SJH, Van den Hoorn MW, Van den Brink PJ, Brock TCM. 2004. Aquatic risk assessment of a realistic exposure to pesticides used in bulb crops, a microcosm study. Environ Toxicol Chem 23: 14791498.
  • Wendt-Rasch L, Van den Brink PJ, Crum SJH, Woin P. 2004. The effects of a pesticide mixture on aquatic ecosystems differing in trophic status: Response of the macrophyte Myriophyllum spicatum and the periphytic algal community. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 57: 383398.
  • Williams DA. 1972. The comparison of several dose levels with a zero dose control. Biometrics 28: 519531.