• Choate LM. 2002. The effect of variations in soil organic matter with particle size on organic contaminate sorption and its relationship to dermal exposure [PhD thesis]. Golden (CO): Colorado School of Mines.
  • Choate LM, Ranville JF, Bunge AL, Macalady DL. 2006. Dermally adhered soil: 2. Reconstruction of dry‒sieve particle‒size distributions from wet‒sieve data. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2: 385390.
  • Driver JH, Konz JJ, Whitmyre GK. 1989. Soil adherence to human skin. Bull Environ Contain Toxicol 43: 814820.
  • Duggan MJ, Inskip MJ, Rundle SA, Moorcraft JS. 1985. Lead in playground dust and on the hands of children. Sci Tot Environ 44: 6579.
  • Evans KM, Gill RA, Robotham PWJ. 1990. The PAH and organic content of sediment particle size fractions. Water Air Soil Pollut 51: 1331.
  • Gee GW, Bauder JW. 1986. Particle‒size analysis. In: KluteA, editor. Methods of soil analysis: Part I—Physical and mineralogical methods. Madison (WI): Soil Science Society of America, p 383411.
  • Holmes KK, Kissel JC, Richter KY 1996. Investigation of the influence of oil on soil adherence to skin. J Soil Contam 5: 301308.
  • Holmes KK Jr, Shirai JH, Richter KY, Kissel JC. 1999. Field measurement of dermal soil loadings in occupational and recreational activities. Environ Res 80: 148157.
  • Kissel JC, Richter KY, Fenske RA. 1996a. Factors affecting soil adherence to skin in hand‒press trials. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 56: 722728.
  • Kissel JC, Richter KY, Fenske RA. 1996b. Field measurement of dermal soil loading attributable to various activities: Implications for exposure assessment. Risk Anal 16: 115125.
  • Kissel JC, Shirai JH, Richter KY, Fenske RA. 1998. Investigation of dermal contact with soil in controlled trials. J Soil Contam 7: 737752.
  • Konen ME, Burras CL, Sandor JA. 2003. Organic carbon, texture, and quantitative color measurement relationships for cultivated soils in north central Iowa. So/7 Sci Soc Am J 67: 18231830.
  • Lepow M, Bruckmas L, Gillette M, Markowitz S, Robino R, Kapish J. 1975. Investigations into sources of lead in the environment of urban children. Environ Res 10: 415426.
  • Lide DR. editor. 2005. CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. Boca Raton (FL): CRC. 2544 p.
  • Que Hee S, Peace B, Clark C, Boyle J, Bornschein R, Hammond P. 1985. Evolution of efficient methods to sample lead sources, such as house dust and hand dust, in the homes of children. Environ Res 38: 7795.
  • Sheppard SC, Evenden WG. 1994. Contaminant enrichment and properties of soil adhering to skin. J Environ Qual 23: 604612.
  • [USEPA] US Environmental Protection Agency. 2001. Risk assessment guidance for Superfund, Volume I: Human health evaluation manual (Part E, Supplemental guidance for dermal risk assessment), interim guidance. Washington DC: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. EPA/540/R/99/005.
  • Wester RC, Maibach HI, Bucks DA, Sedik L, Melendres J, Liao C, DiZio S. 1990. Percutaneous absorption of [14C]DDT and [14C]benzo[a]pyrene from soil. Fundam Appl Toxicol 15: 510516.
  • Wester RC, Maibach HI, Sedik L, Melendres J, DiZio S, Wade M. 1992. In vitro percutaneous absorption of cadmium from water and soil into human skin. Fundam Appl Toxicol 19: 15.
  • Wester RC, Maibach HI, Sedik L, Melendres J, Liao CL, DiZio S. 1992. Percutaneous absorption of [14C]chlordane from soil. J Toxicol Environ Health 35: 269277.
  • Wester RC, Maibach HI, Sedik L, Melendres J, Wade M, DiZio S. 1993. Percutaneous absorption of pentachlorophenol from soil. Fundam Appl Toxicol 20: 6871.
  • Wester RC, Melendres J, Logan F, Hui X, Maibach HI, Wade M, Huang K‒C. 1996. Percutaneous absorption of 2,4‒dichlorophenoxyacetic acid from soil with respect to soil load and skin contact time: In vivo absorption in rhesus monkey and in vitro absorption in human skin. J Toxicol Environ Health 47: 335344.