• 1
    Mantovani, A., M. A. Cassatella, C. Costantini, and S. Jaillon. 2011. Neutrophils in the activation and regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. Nat. Rev. Immunol. 11:519531.
  • 2
    Cascáo, R., H. S. Rosário, M. M. Souto-Carneiro, and J. E. Fonseca. 2010. Neutrophils in rheumatoid arthritis: more than simple final effectors. Autoimmun. Rev. 9:531535.
  • 3
    Tanaka, D., T. Kagari, H. Doi, and T. Shimozato. 2006. Essential role of neutrophils in anti-type II collagen antibody and lipopolysaccharide-induced arthritis. Immunology. 119:195202.
  • 4
    Wipke B. T. and P. M. Allen. 2001. Essential role of neutrophils in the initiation and progression of a murine model of rheumatoid arthritis. J. Immunol. 167:16011608.
  • 5
    McColl, S. R., M. A. Staykova, A. Wozniak, S. Fordham, J. Bruce, and D. O. Willenborg. 1998. Treatment with anti-granulocyte antibodies inhibits the effector phase of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J. Immunol. 161:64216426.
  • 6
    Christensen A. D. and C. Haase. 2012. Immunological mechanisms of contact hypersensitivity in mice. APMIS. 120:127.
  • 7
    Gocinski B. L. and R. E. Tigelaar. 1990. Roles of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in murine contact sensitivity revealed by in vivo monoclonal antibody depletion. J. Immunol. 144:41214128.
  • 8
    Bennett, C. L., M. Noordegraaf, C. A. E. Martina, and B. E. Clausen. 2007. Langerhans cells are required for efficient presentation of topically applied hapten to T cells. J. Immunol. 179:68306835.
  • 9
    Bursch, L. S., L. Wang, B. Igyarto, A. Kissenpfennig, B. Malissen, D. H. Kaplan, and K. A. Hogquist. 2007. Identification of a novel population of Langerin+ dendritic cells. J. Exp. Med. 204:31473156.
  • 10
    Itakura, A., M. Szczepanik, R. A. Campos, V. Paliwal, M. Majewska, H. Matsuda, K. Takatsu, and P. W. Askenase. 2005. An hour after immunization peritoneal B-1 cells are activated to migrate to lymphoid organs where within 1 day they produce IgM antibodies that initiate elicitation of contact sensitivity. J. Immunol. 175:71707178.
  • 11
    Campos, R. A., M. Szczepanik, M. Lisbonne, A. Itakura, M. Leite-de-Moraes, and P. W. Askenase. 2006. Invariant NKT cells rapidly activated via immunization with diverse contact antigens collaborate in vitro with B-1 cells to initiate contact sensitivity. J. Immunol. 177:36863694.
  • 12
    O'Leary, J. G., M. Goodarzi, D. L. Drayton, and U. H. von Andrian. 2006. T cell- and B cell-independent adaptive immunity mediated by natural killer cells. Nat. Immunol. 7:507516.
  • 13
    Engeman, T., A. V. Gorbachev, D. D. Kish, and R. L. Fairchild. 2004. The intensity of neutrophil infiltration controls the number of antigen-primed CD8 T cells recruited into cutaneous antigen challenge sites. J. Leukoc. Biol. 76:941949.
  • 14
    Dudeck, A., J. Dudeck, J. Scholten, A. Petzold, S. Surianarayanan, A. Kohler, K. Peschke, D. Vohringer, C. Waskow, T. Krieg, et al. 2011. Mast cells are key promoters of contact allergy that mediate the adjuvant effects of haptens. Immunity. 34:973984.
  • 15
    Dilulio, N. A., T. Engeman, D. Armstrong, C. Tannenbaum, T. A. Hamilton, and R. L. Fairchild. 1999. Groalpha-mediated recruitment of neutrophils is required for elicitation of contact hypersensitivity. Eur. J. Immunol. 29:34853495.
  • 16
    Daley, J. M., A. A. Thomay, M. D. Connolly, J. S. Reichner, and J. E. Albina. 2008. Use of Ly6G-specific monoclonal antibody to deplete neutrophils in mice. J. Leukoc. Biol. 83:6470.
  • 17
    Kish, D. D., X. Li, and R. L. Fairchild. 2009. CD8 T cells producing IL-17 and IFN-gamma initiate the innate immune response required for responses to antigen skin challenge. J. Immunol. 182:59495959.
  • 18
    Kish, D. D., A. V. Gorbachev, N. Parameswaran, N. Gupta, and R. L. Fairchild. 2012. Neutrophil expression of Fas ligand and perforin directs effector CD8 T cell infiltration into antigen-challenged skin. J. Immunol. 189:21912202.
  • 19
    van Zutphen, L. F., V. Baumans, and A. C. Beynen. 2001. Design of animal experiments. Pp. 209239 in L. F. van Zutphen, V. Baumans, and A. C. Beynen, eds. Principles of Laboratory Animal Science, Elsevier.
  • 20
    Lee, P. Y., J. X. Wang, E. Parisini, C. C. Dascher, and P. A. Nigrovic. 2013. Ly6 family proteins in neutrophil biology. J Leukoc. Biol. 94:585594.
  • 21
    Cumberbatch, M., R. J. Dearman, and I. Kimber. 1997. Langerhans cells require signals from both tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta for migration. Immunology. 92:388395.
  • 22
    Sadik, C. D., N. D. Kim, and A. D. Luster. 2011. Neutrophils cascading their way to inflammation. Trends Immunol. 32:452460.
  • 23
    Lawlor, K. E., I. K. Campbell, D. Metcalf, K. O'Donnell, N. A. van, A. W. Roberts, and I. P. Wicks. 2004. Critical role for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in inflammatory arthritis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101:1139811403.
  • 24
    Vocanson, M., A. Hennino, A. Rozieres, G. Poyet, and J. F. Nicolas. 2009. Effector and regulatory mechanisms in allergic contact dermatitis. Allergy. 64(12):16991714.
  • 25
    Saint-Mezard, P., A. Rosieres, M. Krasteva, F. Berard, B. Dubois, D. Kaiserlian, and J. F. Nicolas. 2004. Allergic contact dermatitis. Eur. J. Dermatol. 14:284295.
  • 26
    Wengner, A. M., S. C. Pitchford, R. C. Furze, and S. M. Rankin. 2008. The coordinated action of G-CSF and ELR + CXC chemokines in neutrophil mobilization during acute inflammation. Blood. 111:4249.
  • 27
    Bussolino, F., J. M. Wang, P. Defilippi, F. Turrini, F. Sanavio, C.-J. S. Edgell, M. Aglietta, P. Arese, and A. Mantovani. 1989. Granulocyte- and granulocyte- macrophage-colony stimulating factors induce human endothelial cells to migrate and proliferate. Nature. 337:471473.
  • 28
    Suzuki, S., M. Kobayashi, K. Chiba, I. Horiuchi, J. Wang, T. Kondoh, S. Hashino, J. Tanaka, M. Hosokawa, and M. Asaka. 2002. Autocrine production of epithelial cell-derived neutrophil attractant-78 induced by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in neutrophils. Blood. 99:18631865.
  • 29
    Sugimori, N., S. Nakao, A. Yachie, T. Niki, A. Takami, H. Yamazaki, Y. Miura, M. Ueda, S. Shiobara, and T. Matsuda. 1999. Administration of G-CSF to normal individuals diminishes L-selectin+ T cells in the peripheral blood that respond better to alloantigen stimulation than L-selectin− T cells. Bone Marrow Transplant. 23:119124.
  • 30
    Natori, T., M. Sata, M. Washida, Y. Hirata, R. Nagai, and M. Makuuchi. 2002. G-CSF stimulates angiogenesis and promotes tumor growth: potential contribution of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 297:10581061.
  • 31
    Dibbert, B., M. Weber, W. H. Nikolaizik, P. Vogt, M. H. Sch+Âni, K. Blaser, and H. U. Simon. 1999. Cytokine-mediated Bax deficiency and consequent delayed neutrophil apoptosis: A general mechanism to accumulate effector cells in inflammation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A 96:1333013335.
  • 32
    Maianski, N. A., F. P. J. Mul, J. D. van Buul, D. Roos, and T. W. Kuijpers. 2002. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor inhibits the mitochondria-dependent activation of caspase-3 in neutrophils. Blood. 99:672679.
  • 33
    Eyles, J. L., M. J. Hickey, M. U. Norman, B. A. Croker, A. W. Roberts, S. F. Drake, W. G. James, D. Metcalf, I. K. Campbell, and I. P. Wicks. 2008. A key role for G-CSF-induced neutrophil production and trafficking during inflammatory arthritis. Blood. 112:51935201.
  • 34
    Gaspari, A. A. and S. I. Katz. 2001. Contact hypersensitivity. Curr. Protoc. Immunol. Chapter 4:
  • 35
    Noursadeghi, M., M. C. Bickerstaff, J. Herbert, D. Moyes, J. Cohen, and M. B. Pepys. 2002. Production of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in the nonspecific acute phase response enhances host resistance to bacterial infection. J. Immunol. 169:913919.