• 1
    Draper GJ, Stiller CA, Cartwright RA, Craft AW, Vincent TJ. Cancer in Cumbria and in the vicinity of the Sellafield nuclear installation, 1963–1990. BMJ 1993;306: 8994.
  • 2
    COMARE (Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment). Fourth report. Wetherby: Department of Health, 1996.
  • 3
    Black D. Report of the Independent Advisory Group. Investigation of the possible increased incidence of cancer in West Cumbria. London: HMSO, 1984.
  • 4
    Gardner MJ, Snee MP, Hall AJ, Powell CA, Downes S, Terrell JD. Results of case-control study of leukaemia and lymphoma among young people near Sellafield nuclear plant in West Cumbria. BMJ 1990;300: 42334.
  • 5
    McLaughlin JR, King WD, Anderson TW, Clarke EA, Ashmore JP. Paternal radiation exposure and leukaemia in offspring: the Ontario case-control study. BMJ 1993;307: 95965.
  • 6
    Urquhart JD, Black RJ, Muirhead MJ, Sharp L, Maxwell M, Eden OB, Jones DA. Case-control study of leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in children in Caithness near the Dounreay nuclear installation. BMJ 1991;302: 68792.
  • 7
    Kinlen LJ, Clarke K, Balkwill A. Paternal preconceptional radiation exposure in the nuclear industry and leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in young people in Scotland. BMJ 1993;306: 11538.
  • 8
    Nomura T. Parental exposure to X rays and chemicals induces heritable tumours and anomalies in mice. Nature 1982;296: 5757.
  • 9
    Lord BI, Woolford LB, Wang L, Stones VA, McDonald D, Lorimore SA, Papworth D, Wright EG, Scott D. Tumour induction by methyl-nitroso-urea following preconceptional paternal contamination with plutonium-239. Br J Cancer 1998;78: 30111.
  • 10
    Taylor GM, Edwards SE, Birch JM, Eden OB. Is the risk of childhood cancer associated with destabilisation of the parental germ line? Results of a pilot study. Med Pediatr Oncol 2001;37: 166.
  • 11
    Doll R, Evans HJ, Darby SC. Paternal exposure not to blame. Nature 1994;367: 67880.
  • 12
    Kinlen LJ. Can paternal preconceptional radiation account for the increase of leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Seascale? BMJ 1993;306: 171821.
  • 13
    Kinlen LJ. Epidemiological evidence for an infective basis in childhood leukaemia. Br J Cancer 1995;71: 15.
  • 14
    Dickinson HO, Parker L. Quantifying the effect of population mixing on childhood leukaemia risk: the Seascale cluster. Br J Cancer 1999;81: 14451.
  • 15
    Parker L, Smith J, Dickinson H, Binks K, Scott L, McElvenny D, Jones S, Wakeford R. The creation of a database of children of workers at a nuclear facility: an exercise in record linkage. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1997;12: 405.
  • 16
    Parker L, Pearce MS, Dickinson HO, Aitkin M, Craft A. Stillbirths among offspring of male radiation workers at Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant. Lancet 1999;354: 140714.
  • 17
    Dickinson HO, Salotti J, Birch P, Reid MM, Malcolm A, Parker L. How complete and accurate are cancer registrations notified by the National Health Service Central Register? J Epidemiol Community Health 2001;55: 41422.
  • 18
    Greaves MF, Pegram SM, Chan LC. Collaborative group study of the epidemiology of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia subtypes: background and first report. Leukaemia Res 1985;9: 71533.
  • 19
    Draper GJ, Little MP, Sorahan T, Kinlen LJ, Bunch KJ, Conquest AJ, Kendall GM, Kneale GW, Lancashire RJ, Muirhead CR, O'Connor CM, Vincent TJ. Cancer in the offspring of radiation workers: a record linkage study. BMJ 1997;315: 11818.
  • 20
    Roman E, Doyle P, Maconochie N, Davies G, Smith PG, Beral V. Cancer in children of nuclear industry employees: report on children aged under 25 years from nuclear industry family study. BMJ 1999;318: 144350.
  • 21
    McCullagh P, Nelder J. Generalized linear models, 2nd ed. London: Chapman and Hall, 1989.
  • 22
    Aitkin M, Anderson D, Francis B, Hinde J. Statistical modelling in GLIM. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
  • 23
    Bithell JF, Dutton SJ, Neary NM, Vincent TJ. Controlling for socioeconomic confounding using regression methods. J Epidemiol Community Health 1995;49: S159.
  • 24
    Kinlen LJ, Balkwill A. Infective cause of childhood leukaemia and wartime population mixing in Orkney and Shetland, UK. Lancet 2001;357: 858.
  • 25
    Breslow NE, Day NE. Statistical methods in cancer research. The design and analysis of cohort studies, vol. II. Lyon: IARC, 1987.
  • 26
    Cardis E, Gilbert ES, Carpenter L, Howe G, Salmon L. Effects of low doses and low dose rates of external ionizing radiation: cancer mortality among nuclear industry workers in three countries. Radiat Res 1995;142: 11732.
  • 27
    HSE. Investigation of leukaemia and other cancers in the children of male workers at Sellafield. Sudbury, UK: HSE Books, 1993.
  • 28
    Roman E, Watson A, Beral V, Buckle S, Bull D, Baker K, et al. Case-control study of leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among children aged 0–4 years living in west Berkshire and north Hampshire health districts. BMJ 1993;306: 61521.
  • 29
    Sever LE, Gilbert ES, Tucker K, Greaves JA, Greaves C, Buchanan J. Epidemiological evaluation of childhood leukaemia and paternal exposure to ionizing radiation. Seattle: Battelle Memorial Institute, 1997.