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Keywords:

  • photodynamic;
  • CIN;
  • ALA

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) has been used to treat histologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN-I and -I/II) in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled protocol. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that topical application of 3% ALA in Intrasite Gel® to the cervix for 3 hr resulted in the accumulation of protoporphyrin IX in the cervical epithelium. Treatment of CIN with ALA-PDT was well tolerated, with only 3/12 patients in the PDT arm (0/13 in the placebo arm) reporting any discomfort during illumination. Histologic examination of the treated tissue following loop excision 3 months post-PDT indicated that 33% of patients had no evidence of CIN, 42% had no change in the grade of their disease, whilst 25% exhibited an apparent progression of disease. In the control group, the respective figures were 31%, 38% and 31%. There was no significant difference in response between the groups receiving ALA-PDT and those receiving placebo treatment. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.