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Keywords:

  • lung adenocarcinoma;
  • paraneoplastic syndrome;
  • metastasis;
  • nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug;
  • systemic inflammatory response;
  • migration;
  • invasion;
  • angiogenesis

Abstract

Mice bearing LP07 lung adenocarcinoma show some characteristics that are similar to those present in patients with NSCLC. LP07 tumor-bearing mice develop the paraneoplastic syndromes of cachexia, leukocytosis and hypercalcemia. These symptoms may be partly due to a systemic inflammatory response. Our aim was to determine if treatment with NSAIDs would lower tumor and metastasis growth and their accompanying syndromes. The nonselective COX inhibitor indomethacin and the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib reduced tumor growth and metastasis outcome in s.c. LP07 tumor-bearing mice. Both drugs also inhibited the development of leukocytosis and the weight loss associated with LP07 progression. Serum levels of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6, mediators of cachexia, were modulated by NSAIDs. Inhibition of in vitro migration and invasion and reduction in angiogenesis were attained when cells were treated with either indomethacin or celecoxib. MMP-9 activity was also reduced in conditioned media from LP07 cells treated with celecoxib. These data suggest that several processes implicated in tumor progression can be modulated with NSAID treatment. Improvement in performance status through modulation of cachexia may offer a possibility for combining anti-inflammatory treatments with more aggressive therapies. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.