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Keywords:

  • periostin;
  • bladder cancer;
  • tumor suppressor gene;
  • invasion;
  • metastasis

Abstract

We have previously reported that expression of periostin mRNA is markedly reduced in a variety of human cancer cell lines, suggesting that downregulation of periostin mRNA expression is correlated with the development of human cancers. In our study, to clarify the role of the periostin in human bladder carcinogenesis, we examined the expression of periostin mRNA in normal bladder tissues, bladder cancer tissues and bladder cancer cell lines by Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR analysis. Although the expression of periostin mRNA was detected in 100% (5/5) of normal bladder tissues, it was not detected in 3 human bladder cancer cell lines examined. It was also detected in 81.8% (9/11) of grade 1, 40.0% (4/10) of grade 2 and 33.3% (4/12) of grade 3 bladder cancer tissues, indicating that downregulation of periostin mRNA is significantly related to higher grade bladder cancer (p<0.05). To assess the tumor suppressor function of periostin, we investigated the ability of periostin gene to suppress malignant phenotypes of a bladder cancer cell line, SBT31A. Ectopic expression of periostin gene by a retrovirus vector suppressed in vitro cell invasiveness of the bladder cancer cells without affecting cell proliferation and tumor growth in nude mice. Periostin also suppressed in vivo lung metastasis of the mouse melanoma cell line, B16–F10. Mutational analysis revealed that the C-terminal region of periostin was sufficient to suppress cell invasiveness and metastasis of the cancer cells. Periostin may play a role as a suppressor of invasion and metastasis in the progression of human bladder cancers. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.