SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Hankinson S, Hunter D. Breast cancer. In: AdamiH-O, HunterD, TrichopoulosD, eds. Textbook of cancer epidemiology. New York: Oxford, 2002. p 30139.
  • 2
    Lane-Claypon JE. A further report on cancer of the breast with special reference to an association with antecedent conditions. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1926.
  • 3
    Lipworth L, Bailey A, Trichopoulos D. History of breast-feeding in relation to breast cancer risk: a review of the epidemiologic literature. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000; 92: 30212.
  • 4
    MacMahon B, Lin TM, Lowe CR, Mirra AP, Ravnihar B, Salber EJ, Trichopoulos D, Valaoras VG, Yuasa S. Lactation and cancer of the breast. A summary of an international study. Bull World Health Organ 1970; 42: 18594.
  • 5
    MacMahon B, Cole P, Lin TM, Lowe CR, Mirra AP, Ravnihar B, Salber EJ, Vakaoras VG, Yuasa S. Age at first birth and breast cancer risk. Bull World Health Organ 1970; 43: 20921.
  • 6
    Trichopoulos D, Hsieh C-c, MacMahon B. Lin T-m, Lowe CR, Mirra AP, Ravnihar B, Salber EJ, Valaoras VG, Yuasa S. Age at any birth and breast cancer risk. Int J Cancer 1983; 31: 7014.
  • 7
    Chie WC, Hsieh C, Newcomb PA, Longnecker MP, Mittendorf R, Greenberg ER, Clapp RW, Burke KP, Titus-Ernstoff L, Trentham-Dietz A, MacMahon B. Age at any full-term pregnancy and breast cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol 2000; 151: 71522.
  • 8
    Lambe M, Hsieh C-c, Trichopoulos D, Ekbom A, Pavia M, Adami H-O. Transient increase in the risk of breast cancer after giving birth. N Engl J Med 1994; 331: 59.
  • 9
    Albrektsen G, Heuch I, Kväle G. Further evidence of a dual effect of a completed pregnancy on breast cancer risk. Cancer Causes Control 1996; 7: 48788.
  • 10
    Byers T, Graham S, Rzepka T, Marshall J. Lactation and cancer of the breast. Evidence for a negative association in premenopausal women. Am J Epidemiol 1985; 121: 66474.
  • 11
    Tryggvadottir L, Tulinius H, Eyfjord JE, Sigurvinsson T. Breastfeeding and reduced risk of breast cancer in an Icelandic cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 2001; 154: 3742.
  • 12
    Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer and Valerie Beral. Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50302 women with breast cancer and 96973 women without the disease. Lancet 2002; 360: 18795.
  • 13
    van Gils CH, Peeters PHM, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Boshuizen HC, Lahmann PH, Clavel-Chapelon F, Thiébaut A, Kesse E, Sieri S, Palli D, Tumino R, Panico S, et al. Consumption of vegetables and fruits and risk of breast cancer. JAMA 2005; 293: 18393.
  • 14
    Willett WC. Diet and cancer. An evolving picture. (Editorial). JAMA 2005; 293: 2334.
  • 15
    World Cancer Research Fund International. Nutrition and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. Washington DC: American Institute for Cancer Research, 1997.
  • 16
    de Waard F, Trichopoulos D. A unifying concept of the aetiology of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 1988; 41: 4669.
  • 17
    Titus-Ernstoff L, Egan KM, Newcomb PA, Baron JA, Stampfer M, Greenberg ER, Cole BF, Ding J, Willett W, Trichopoulos D. Exposure to breast milk in infancy and adult breast cancer risk. J Natl Cancer Inst 1998; 90: 9214.
  • 18
    Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE, Willett WC. Being breastfed in infancy and breast cancer incidence in adult life: results from the two nurses' health studies. Am J Epidemiol 2001; 153: 27583.
  • 19
    Lilienfeld AM. Relationship of cancer of the female breast to artificial menopause and marital status. Cancer 1956; 9: 92736.
  • 20
    MacMahon B, Feinleib M. Breast cancer in relation to nursing and menopausal history. J Natl Cancer Inst 1960; 24: 73353.
  • 21
    Trichopoulos D, MacMahon B, Cole P. Menopause and breast cancer risk. J Natl Cancer Inst 1972; 48: 60513.
  • 22
    Schneider R, Dorn CR, Taylor DO. Factors influencing canine mammary cancer development and postsurgical survival. J Natl Cancer Inst 1969; 43: 124961.
  • 23
    Boyle P. Epidemiology of breast cancer. Baillière's Clin Oncol 1988; 2: 157.
  • 24
    Parkin DM, Bray F, Ferlay J, Pisani P. Global cancer statistics, 2002. CA Cancer J Clin 2005; 55: 74108.
  • 25
    Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Storm H.Cancer incidence in five continents. vol. I-VIII. IARC CancerBase No. 7. Lyon: IARC, 2005.
  • 26
    Bjarnason O, Day N, Snadel G, Tulinius H. The effect of year of birth on the breast cancer age-incidence curve in Iceland. Int J Cancer 1974; 13: 68996.
  • 27
    Chia K-S, Reilly M, Tan C-S, Lee J, Pawitan Y, Adami H-O, Hall P, Mow B. Profound changes in breast cancer incidence may reflect changes into a Westernized lifestyle: a comparative population-based study in Singapore and Sweden. Int J Cancer 2005; 113: 3026.
  • 28
    Lemon HM, Wotiz HH, Parsons L, Mozden PJ. Reduced estriol excretion in patients with breast cancer prior to endocrine therapy. JAMA 1966; 196: 11220.
  • 29
    Cole P, MacMahon B. Oestrogen fractions during early reproductive life in the aetiology of breast cancer. Lancet 1969; i: 6046.
  • 30
    MacMahon B, Cole P, Brown JB. Aoki K, Lin TM, Morgan RW, Woo N-C. Urine oestrogen profiles of Asian and North American women. Int J Cancer 1974; 14: 1617.
  • 31
    Cole P, Brown JB, MacMahon B. Oestrogen profiles of parous and nulliparous women. Lancet 1976; ii: 5969.
  • 32
    Russo J, Gusterson BA, Rogers AE, Russo IH, Wellings SR, van Zweiten MJ. Comparative study of human and rat mammary carcinogenesis. Lab Invest 1990; 62: 22478.
  • 33
    Hoover R, Gray LA, Cole P, MacMahon B. Menopausal estrogens and breast cancer. N Engl J Med 1976; 295: 4015.
  • 34
    Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Breast cancer and hormone replacement therapy: collaborative reanalysis of data from 51 epidemiological studies of 52,705 women with breast cancer and 108,411 women without breast cancer. Lancet 1997; 350: 104759.
  • 35
    Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Prentice RL, LaCroix AZ, Kooperberg C, Stefanick ML, Jackson RD, Beresford SA, Howard BV, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM, Ockene J, et al. Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestins in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results from the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2002; 288: 3213.
  • 36
    Anderson GL, Limacher M, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black H, Bonds D, Brunner R, Brzyski R, Caan B, Chlebowski R, Curb D, et al. Effects of conjugated estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy; the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2004; 291: 170112.
  • 37
    Newcomb PA, Titus-Ernstfoff L, Egan KM, Trentham-Dietz A, Baron JA, Storer BE, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ. Postmenopausal estrogen and progestin use in relation to breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002; 11: 593600.
  • 38
    Million Women Study Collaborators. Breast cancer and hormone-replacement therapy in the Million Women Study. Lancet 2003; 362: 419427.
  • 39
    Boice JDJr, Blettner M, Kleinerman RA, Engholm G, Stovall M, Lisco H. Austin DF, Bosch A, Harlan L, Krementz ET, Latourette HB, Merrill JA, et al. Radiation dose and breast cancer risk in patients treated for cancer of the cervix. Int J Cancer 1989; 44: 716.
  • 40
    Land CE. Studies of cancer and radiation dose among atomic bomb survivors. JAMA 1995; 274: 4027.
  • 41
    Hamajima N, Hirose K, Tajima K, Rohan T, Callee EE, Heath CWJr, Coates RJ, Liff JM, Talamini R, Chantaraknul N, Keotsawang S, Rachaw D, et al. Alcohol, tobacco and breast cancer—collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 58,515 women with breast cancer and 95,067 women without the disease. Br J Cancer 2002; 87: 123445
  • 42
    Ekbom A, Trichopoulos D, Adami HO, Hsieh C-c, Lan S-j. Evidence of prenatal influence on breast cancer risk. Lancet 1992; 340: 10158.
  • 43
    Trichopoulos D, Lagiou P, Adami HO. Towards an integrated model for breast cancer etiology: the crucial role of number of mammary tissue-specific stem cells. Breast Cancer Res 2005: 7: 137.
  • 44
    Ahlgren M, Melbye M, Wohlfart J, Sørensen TIA. Growth patterns and the risk of breast cancer in women. N Engl J Med 2004; 351: 161926.
  • 45
    Michels KB, Trichopoulos D, Robins JM, Rosner BA, Manson JE. Hunt DJ. Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Willett WC. Birth weight as a risk factor breast cancer. Lancet 1996; 348: 15426.
  • 46
    Stoll BA, Vatten LJ, Kvinnsland S. Does early physical maturity influence breast cancer risk? Acta Oncol 1994; 33: 1716.