• 1
    Parkin DM, Pisani P, Ferlay J. Estimates of the worldwide incidence of 25 major cancers in 1990. Int J Cancer 1999; 80: 82741.
  • 2
    American Cancer Society. Cancer facts and figures, 2004.
  • 3
    Gertig D, Hunter D. Ovarian cancer. In: AdamiHO, HunterD, TrichopolosD, eds. Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. 37894.
  • 4
    Elliason P, Panter-Brick C, Lipson SF, O'Rourke MT. The ecological context of human ovarian function. Hum Reprod 1993; 8: 224858.
  • 5
    IARC handbooks of cancer prevention. Weight control and physical activity, vol. 6. Lyon: IARC Press, 2002. 316p.
  • 6
    Mink P, Folsom A, Sellers T, Kushi L. Physical activity, waist-to-hip ratio, and other risk factors for ovarian cancer: a follow-up study of older women. Epidemiology 1996; 7: 3845.
  • 7
    Anderson JP, Ross JA, Folsom AR. Anthropometric variables, physical activity and incidence of ovarian cancer: the Iowa women's health study. Cancer 2004; 100: 151521.
  • 8
    Bertone E, Willett W, Rosner B, Hunter D, Fuchs C, Speizer F, Colditz G, Hanksinson S. Prospective study of recreational physical activity and ovarian cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 2001; 93: 94248.
  • 9
    Hannan LM, Leitzmann MF, Lacey JV, Colbert LH, Albanes D, Schatzkin A, Schairer C. Physical activiy and risk of ovarian cancer: a prospective cohort study in the United States. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2004; 13: 76570.
  • 10
    Pukkala E, Poskiparta M, Apter D, Vihko V. Life-long physical activity and cancer risk among Finnish female teachers. Eur J Cancer Prev 1993; 2: 36976.
  • 11
    Zheng W, Shu X, McLaughlin J, Chow W, Gao Y, Blot W. Occupational physical activity and the incidence of cancer of the breast corpus uteri, and ovary in Shanghai. Cancer 1993; 71: 362024.
  • 12
    Bertone E, Newcomb P, Willett W, Stampfer M, Egan K. Recreational physical activity and ovarian cancer in a population-based case-control study. Int J Cancer 2002; 99: 43136.
  • 13
    Cottreau C, Ness R, Kriska A. Physical activity and reduced risk of ovarian cancer. Obstet Gynecol 2000; 96: 60914.
  • 14
    Freedman DM, Dosemeci M, Mglynn K. Sunlight and mortality from breast, ovarian, colon, prostate and non-melanoma skin cancer: a composite death certificate based case-control study. Occup Environm Med 2002; 59: 25762.
  • 15
    Tavani A, Gallus S, La Vecchia C, Dal Maso L, Negri E, Pelucchi C, Montella M, Conti E, Carbone A, Franceschi S. Physical activity and risk of ovarian cancer: an Italian case-control study. Int J Cancer 2001; 91: 40711.
  • 16
    Zhang M, Lee A, Binns C. Physical activity and epithelial ovarian cancer risk: a case-control study in China. Int J Cancer 2003; 105: 83843.
  • 17
    Zhang M, Xie X, Lee AH, Binns CW. Sedentary behaviours and epithelial ovarian cancer risk. Cancer Causes Control 2004; 15: 8389.
  • 18
    Riman T, Dickman PW, Nilsson S, Nordlinder H, Magnusson CM, Persson IR. Some life-style factors and the risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer in Swedish women. Eur J Epidemiol 2004; 19: 101119.
  • 19
    Pan SY, Ugnat A-M, Mao Y. The Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group. Physical activity and the risk of ovarian cancer: a case-control study in Canada. Int J Cancer 2005; 117: 3007.
  • 20
    Kumle M, Weiderpass E, Braaten T, Persson I, Adami H-O, Lund E. Use of oral contraceptives and breast cancer risk: the Norwegian-Swedish Women's Lifestyle and Health Cohort Study. Cancer Epemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002; 11: 137581.
  • 21
    Veierød M, Weiderpass E, Thörn M, Hansson J, Lund E, Armstrong B, Adami H-O. A prospective study of pigmentation, sun exposure, and risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma in women. J Natl Cancer Inst 2003; 95: 153038.
  • 22
    Lund E, Kumle M, Braaten T, Hjartaker A, Bakken K, Eggen E, Gram TI. External validity in a population-based national prospective study–the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC). Cancer Causes Control 2003; 14: 10018.
  • 23
    Ekström A, Signorello L, Hansson L, Bergström R, Lindgren A, Nyrén O. Evaluating gastric cancer misclassification: a potential explanation for the rise in cardia cancer incidence. J Natl Cancer Inst 1999; 91: 78690.
  • 24
    Lund E. Pilot study for the evaluation of completeness of reporting to the cancer registry. Incidence of cancer in Norway, 1978. Oslo, Norway: The Cancer Registry of Norway, 1981. p 1114.
  • 25
    Mattson B, Wallgren A. Completeness of the Swedish cancer register: nonnotified cancer cases recorded on death certificates in 1978. Acta Radiol Oncol 1984; 23: 30513.
  • 26
    Trolle-Lagerros Y, Mucci LA, Kumle M, Braaten T, Weiderpass E, Hsieh C-C, Lagiou P, Trichopoulos D, Lund E, Adami H-O. Physical activity as a major determinant of mortality in younger women: a prospective study in Norway and Sweden. Epidemiology 2005; 16: 78085.
  • 27
    Margolis KL, Mucci L, Braaten T, Kumle M, Lagerros YT, Adami H-O, Lund E, Weiderpass E. Physical activity in different periods of life and the risk of breast cancer: the Norwegian-Swedish women's lifestyle and health cohort study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2005; 14: 2732.
  • 28
    Silventoinen K, Sans S, Tolonen H, Monterde D, Kuulasmaa K, Kesteloot H, Tuomilehto J for the WHO MONICA Project. Trends in obesity and energy supply in the WHO MONICA Project. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28: 71018.
  • 29
    Risch HA. Hormonal etiology of epithelial ovarian cancer, with a hypothesis concerning the role of androgens and progesterone. J Natl Cancer Inst 1998; 90: 177486.