SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Marshall BJ,Warren JR. Unidentified curved bacilli in the stomach of patients with gastritis and peptic ulceration. Lancet 1984; 1: 131115.
  • 2
    Houghton J,Fox JG,Wang TC. Gastric cancer: laboratory bench to clinic. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2002; 17: 495502.
  • 3
    International Agency for Research on Cancer. Schistosomes liver flukes and Helicobacter pylori, 1st edn., Lyon: IARC, 1994.
  • 4
    Howson CP,Hiyama T,Wynder EL. The decline in gastric cancer: epidemiology of an unplanned triumph. Epidemiol Rev 1986; 8: 127.
  • 5
    World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, nutrition and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective, 1st edn. Washington, DC: The Institute, 1997.
  • 6
    Harrison LE,Zhang ZF,Karpeh MS,Sun M,Kurtz RC. The role of dietary factors in the intestinal and diffuse histologic subtypes of gastric adenocarcinoma: a case-control study in the U.S. Cancer 1997; 80: 10218.
  • 7
    Su L,Fontham E,Ruiz B,Schmidt S,Correa P,Bravo L. Association of dietary antioxidants on the severity of gastritis in a high risk population. Ann Epidemiol 2000; 10: 468.
  • 8
    Fox JG,Dangler CA,Taylor NS,King A,Koh TJ,Wang TC. High-salt diet induces gastric epithelial hyperplasia and parietal cell loss, and enhances Helicobacter pylori colonization in C57BL/6 mice. Cancer Res 1999; 59: 48238.
  • 9
    Mannick EE,Bravo LE,Zarama G,Realpe JL,Zhang XJ,Ruiz B,Fontham ET,Mera R,Miller MJ,Correa P. Inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitrotyrosine, and apoptosis in Helicobacter pylori gastritis: effect of antibiotics and antioxidants. Cancer Res 1996; 56: 323843.
  • 10
    Zhang ZW,Patchett SE,Perrett D,Katelaris PH,Domizio P,Farthing MJ. The relation between gastric vitamin C concentrations, mucosal histology, and CagA seropositivity in the human stomach. Gut 1998; 43: 3226.
  • 11
    Stepan V,Sugano K,Yamada T,Park J,Dickinson CJ. Gastrin biosynthesis in canine G cells. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2002; 282: G766G775.
  • 12
    Pinnell SR. Regulation of collagen biosynthesis by ascorbic acid: a review. Yale J Biol Med 1985; 58: 5539.
  • 13
    Correa P,Malcom G,Schmidt B,Fontham E,Ruiz B,Bravo JC,Bravo LE,Zarama G,Realpe JL. Review article: antioxidant micronutrients and gastric cancer. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1998; 12 ( Suppl 1): 7382.
  • 14
    Dabrowska-Ufniarz E,Dzieniszewski J,Jarosz M,Wartanowicz M. Vitamin C concentration in gastric juice in patients with precancerous lesions of the stomach and gastric cancer. Med Sci Monit 2002; 8: CR96CR103.
  • 15
    Jenab M,Riboli E,Ferrari P,Sabate J,Slimani N,Norat T,Friesen M,Tjonneland A,Olsen A,Overvad K,Boutron-Ruault MC,Clavel-Chapelon F,et al. Plasma and dietary vitamin C levels and risk of gastric cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST). Carcinogenesis 2006; 27: 22507.
  • 16
    Ekstrom AM,Serafini M,Nyren O,Hansson LE,Ye W,Wolk A. Dietary antioxidant intake and the risk of cardia cancer and noncardia cancer of the intestinal and diffuse types: a population-based case-control study in Sweden. Int J Cancer 2000; 87: 13340.
  • 17
    Correa P,Fontham ET,Bravo JC,Bravo LE,Ruiz B,Zarama G,Realpe JL,Malcom GT,Li D,Johnson WD,Mera R. Chemoprevention of gastric dysplasia: randomized trial of antioxidant supplements and anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000; 92: 18818.
  • 18
    Mera R,Fontham ET,Bravo LE,Bravo JC,Piazuelo MB,Camargo MC,Correa P. Long term follow up of patients treated for Helicobacter pylori infection. Gut 2005; 54: 153640.
  • 19
    Waring AJ,Drake IM,Schorah CJ,White KL,Lynch DA,Axon AT,Dixon MF. Ascorbic acid and total vitamin C concentrations in plasma, gastric juice, and gastrointestinal mucosa: effects of gastritis and oral supplementation. Gut 1996; 38: 1716.
  • 20
    Phull PS,Price AB,White KL,Schorah CJ,Jacyna MR. Gastroduodenal mucosal vitamin-C levels in Helicobacter pylori infection. Scand J Gastroenterol 1999; 34: 3616.
  • 21
    Bjelakovic G,Nikolova D,Simonetti RG,Gluud C. Antioxidant supplements for prevention of gastrointestinal cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2004; 364: 121928.
  • 22
    Lee A,Fox JG,Otto G,Murphy J. A small animal model of human Helicobacter pylori active chronic gastritis. Gastroenterology 1990; 99: 131523.
  • 23
    Lee A,O'Rourke J,De Ungria MC,Robertson B,Daskalopoulos G,Dixon MF. A standardized mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection: introducing the Sydney strain. Gastroenterology 1997; 112: 138697.
  • 24
    Zhang HM,Wakisaka N,Maeda O,Yamamoto T. Vitamin C inhibits the growth of a bacterial risk factor for gastric carcinoma: Helicobacter pylori. Cancer 1997; 80: 1897903.
  • 25
    Wang X,Willen R,Wadstrom T. Astaxanthin-rich algal meal and vitamin C inhibit Helicobacter pylori infection in BALB/cA mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2000; 44: 24527.
  • 26
    Sun YQ,Girgensone I,Leanderson P,Petersson F,Borch K. Effects of antioxidant vitamin supplements on Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis in Mongolian gerbils. Helicobacter 2005; 10: 3342.
  • 27
    Maeda N,Hagihara H,Nakata Y,Hiller S,Wilder J,Reddick R. Aortic wall damage in mice unable to synthesize ascorbic acid. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2000; 97: 8416.
  • 28
    Bergin IL,Sheppard BJ,Fox JG. Helicobacter pylori infection and high dietary salt independently induce atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia in commercially available outbred Mongolian gerbils. Dig Dis Sci 2003; 48: 47585.
  • 29
    Nakata Y,Maeda N. Vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque morphology in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice unable to make ascorbic acid. Circulation 2002; 105: 148590.
  • 30
    Lee CW,Rao VP,Rogers AB,Ge Z,Erdman SE,Whary MT,Fox JG. Wild-type and interleukin-10-deficient regulatory T cells reduce effector T-cell-mediated gastroduodenitis in Rag2−/− mice, but only wild-type regulatory T cells suppress Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Infect Immun 2007; 75: 2699707.
  • 31
    McKay DL,Perrone G,Rasmussen H,Dallal G,Hartman W,Cao G,Prior RL,Roubenoff R,Blumberg JB. The effects of a multivitamin/mineral supplement on micronutrient status, antioxidant capacity and cytokine production in healthy older adults consuming a fortified diet. J Am Coll Nutr 2000; 19: 61321.
  • 32
    Rogers AB,Taylor NS,Whary MT,Stefanich ED,Wang TC,Fox JG. Helicobacter pylori but not high salt induces gastric intraepithelial neoplasia in B6129 mice. Cancer Res 2005; 65: 1070915.
  • 33
    Ihrig M,Whary MT,Dangler CA,Fox JG. Gastric helicobacter infection induces a Th2 phenotype but does not elevate serum cholesterol in mice lacking inducible nitric oxide synthase. Infect Immun 2005; 73: 166470.
  • 34
    Maurer KJ,Rogers AB,Ge Z,Wiese AJ,Carey MC,Fox JG. Helicobacter pylori and cholesterol gallstone formation in C57L/J mice: a prospective study. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2006; 290: G17582.
  • 35
    Varro A,Voronina S,Dockray GJ. Pathways of processing of the gastrin precursor in rat antral mucosa. J Clin Invest 1995; 95: 16429.
  • 36
    Martin RM,Brady JL,Lew AM. The need for IgG2c specific antiserum when isotyping antibodies from C57BL/6 and NOD mice. J Immunol Methods 1998; 212: 18792.
  • 37
    Hilsted L,Rehfeld JF,Schwartz TW. Impaired α-carboxyamidation of gastrin in vitamin C-deficient guinea pigs. FEBS Lett 1986; 196: 1514.
  • 38
    Court M,Robinson PA,Dixon MF,Jeremy AH,Crabtree JE. The effect of gender on Helicobacter felis-mediated gastritis, epithelial cell proliferation, and apoptosis in the mouse model. J Pathol 2003; 201: 30311.
  • 39
    Fox JG,Rogers AB,Ihrig M,Taylor NS,Whary MT,Dockray G,Varro A,Wang TC. Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric cancer in INS-GAS mice is gender specific. Cancer Res 2003; 63: 94250.
  • 40
    Levine M,Wang Y,Padayatty SJ,Morrow J. A new recommended dietary allowance of vitamin C for healthy young women. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2001; 98: 98426.
  • 41
    Sobala GM,Crabtree JE,Dixon MF,Schorah CJ,Taylor JD,Rathbone BJ,Heatley RV,Axon AT. Acute Helicobacter pylori infection: clinical features, local and systemic immune response, gastric mucosal histology, and gastric juice ascorbic acid concentrations. Gut 1991; 32: 14158.
  • 42
    Levine M,Conry-Cantilena C,Wang Y,Welch RW,Washko PW,Dhariwal KR,Park JB,Lazarev A,Graumlich JF,King J,Cantilena LR. Vitamin C pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers: evidence for a recommended dietary allowance. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1996; 93: 37049.
  • 43
    Drake IM,Mapstone NP,Schorah CJ,White KL,Chalmers DM,Dixon MF,Axon AT. Reactive oxygen species activity and lipid peroxidation in Helicobacter pylori associated gastritis: relation to gastric mucosal ascorbic acid concentrations and effect of H. pylori eradication. Gut 1998; 42: 76871.
  • 44
    You WC,Brown LM,Zhang L,Li JY,Jin ML,Chang YS,Ma JL,Pan KF,Liu WD,Hu Y,Crystal-Mansour S,Pee D,et al. Randomized double-blind factorial trial of three treatments to reduce the prevalence of precancerous gastric lesions. J Natl Cancer Inst 2006; 98: 97483.
  • 45
    Plummer M,Vivas J,Lopez G,Bravo JC,Peraza S,Carillo E,Cano E,Castro D,Andrade O,Sanchez V,Garcia R,Buiatti E, et al. Chemoprevention of precancerous gastric lesions with antioxidant vitamin supplementation: a randomized trial in a high-risk population. J Natl Cancer Inst 2007; 99: 13746.
  • 46
    Taylor PR. Prevention of gastric cancer: a miss. J Natl Cancer Inst 2007; 99: 1013.
  • 47
    Sjunnesson H,Sturegard E,Willen R,Wadstrom T. High intake of selenium, β-carotene, and vitamins A, C, and E reduces growth of Helicobacter pylori in the guinea pig. Comp Med 2001; 51: 41823.
  • 48
    Mohammadi M,Nedrud J,Redline R,Lycke N,Czinn SJ. Murine CD4 T-cell response to Helicobacter infection: TH1 cells enhance gastritis and TH2 cells reduce bacterial load. Gastroenterology 1997; 113: 184857.
  • 49
    Fox JG,Wang TC. Inflammation, atrophy, and gastric cancer. J Clin Invest 2007; 117: 609.
  • 50
    D'Elios MM,Manghetti M,De Carli M,Costa F,Baldari CT,Burroni D,Telford JL,Romagnani S,Del Prete G. T helper 1 effector cells specific for Helicobacter pylori in the gastric antrum of patients with peptic ulcer disease. J Immunol 1997; 158: 9627.
  • 51
    Li W,Maeda N,Beck MA. Vitamin C deficiency increases the lung pathology of influenza virus-infected gulo−/− mice. J Nutr 2006; 136: 261116.
  • 52
    Gaut JP,Belaaouaj A,Byun J,Roberts LJIInd, Maeda N,Frei B,Heinecke JW. Vitamin C fails to protect amino acids and lipids from oxidation during acute inflammation. Free Radic Biol Med 2006; 40: 1494501.
  • 53
    Hemila H,Kaprio J,Pietinen P,Albanes D,Heinonen OP. Vitamin C and other compounds in vitamin C rich food in relation to risk of tuberculosis in male smokers. Am J Epidemiol 1999; 150: 63241.
  • 54
    Fox JG,Beck P,Dangler CA,Whary MT,Wang TC,Shi HN,Nagler-Anderson C. Concurrent enteric helminth infection modulates inflammation and gastric immune responses and reduces helicobacter-induced gastric atrophy. Nat Med 2000; 6: 53642.
  • 55
    Holcombe C. Helicobacter pylori: the African enigma. Gut 1992; 33: 42931.
  • 56
    Bates CJ,Prentice AM,Paul AA. Seasonal variations in vitamins A, C, riboflavin and folate intakes and status of pregnant and lactating women in a rural Gambian community: some possible implications. Eur J Clin Nutr 1994; 48: 6608.
  • 57
    Schwager J,Schulze J. Modulation of interleukin production by ascorbic acid. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 1998; 64: 4557.
  • 58
    Fox JG,Li X,Cahill RJ,Andrutis K,Rustgi AK,Odze R,Wang TC. Hypertrophic gastropathy in Helicobacter felis-infected wild-type C57BL/6 mice and p53 hemizygous transgenic mice. Gastroenterology 1996; 110: 15566.
  • 59
    Wang TC,Goldenring JR,Dangler C,Ito S,Mueller A,Jeon WK,Koh TJ,Fox JG. Mice lacking secretory phospholipase A2 show altered apoptosis and differentiation with Helicobacter felis infection. Gastroenterology 1998; 114: 67589.
  • 60
    Fox JG,Wang TC,Rogers AB,Poutahidis T,Ge Z,Taylor N,Dangler CA,Israel DA,Krishna U,Gaus K,Peek RM,Jr. Host and microbial constituents influence Helicobacter pylori-induced cancer in a murine model of hypergastrinemia. Gastroenterology 2003; 124: 187990.
  • 61
    Schmidt PH,Lee JR,Joshi V,Playford RJ,Poulsom R,Wright NA,Goldenring JR. Identification of a metaplastic cell lineage associated with human gastric adenocarcinoma. Lab Invest 1999; 79: 63946.
  • 62
    Fox JG,Rogers AB,Whary MT,Ge Z,Ohtani M,Kurt Jones E,Wang TC. Accelerated progression of gastritis to dysplasia in the pyloric antrum of TFF2−/− C57BL x Sv129 H. pylori infected mice. Am J Pathol, in press.
  • 63
    Kurt-Jones EA,Cao L,Sandor F,Rogers AB,Whary MT,Nambiar PR,Cerny A,Bowen G,Yan J,Takaishi S,Chi AL,Reed G,et al. Trefoil family factor 2 is expressed in murine gastric and immune cells and controls both gastrointestinal inflammation and systemic immune responses. Infect Immun 2007; 75: 47180.
  • 64
    Kang W,Rathinavelu S,Samuelson LC,Merchant JL. Interferon gamma induction of gastric mucous neck cell hypertrophy. Lab Invest 2005; 85: 70215.