• 1
    Armstrong B,Doll R. Environmental factors and cancer incidence and mortality in different countries, with special reference to dietary practices. Int J Cancer 1975; 15: 61731.
  • 2
    Armstrong B,Garrod A,Doll R. A retrospective study of renal cancer with special reference to coffee and animal protein consumption. Br J Cancer 1976; 33: 12736.
  • 3
    McLaughlin JK,Gao YT,Gao RN,Zheng W,Ji BT,Blot WJ,Fraumeni JF,Jr. Risk factors for renal-cell cancer in Shanghai, China. Int J Cancer 1992; 52: 56265.
  • 4
    World Cancer Research Fund in Association with the American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, nutrition, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. Washington, DC: World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research, 1997.
  • 5
    Rashidkhani B,Akesson A,Lindblad P,Wolk A. Major dietary patterns and risk of renal cell carcinoma in a prospective cohort of Swedish women. J Nutr 2005; 135: 175762.
  • 6
    Maclure M,Willett WC. A case-control study of diet and risk of renal adenocarcinoma. Epidemiology 1990; 1: 43040.
  • 7
    Handa K,Kreiger N. Diet patterns and the risk of renal cell carcinoma. Publ Health Nutr 2002; 5: 75767.
  • 8
    Moore LE,Wilson RT. Lifestyle factors, exposures, genetic susceptibility, and renal cell cancer risk: a review. Cancer Invest 2005; 23: 24055.
  • 9
    Lindblad P,Wolk A,Bergstrom R,Adami H-O. Diet and risk of renal cell cancer: a population-based case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1997; 6: 21523.
  • 10
    Wolk A,Larsson SC,Johansson J-E,Ekman P. Long-term fatty fish consumption and renal cell carcinoma incidence in women. JAMA 2006; 296: 137176.
  • 11
    Bosetti C,Scotti L,Dal Maso L,Talamini R,Montella M,Negri E,Ramazzotti V,Franceschi S,La Vecchia C. Micronutrients and the risk of renal cell cancer: a case-control study from Italy. Int J Cancer 2006; 120: 8926.
  • 12
    Bravi F,Bosetti C,Scotti L,Talamini R,Montella M,Ramazzotti V,Negri E,Franceschi S,La Vecchia C. Food groups and renal cell carcinoma: a case-control study from Italy. Int J Cancer 2006; 120: 6815.
  • 13
    Salvini S,Parpinel M,Gnagnarella P,Maisonneuve P,Turrini A. Banca di composizione degli alimenti per studi epidemiologici in Italia. Milano, Italia: Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, 1998.
  • 14
    Franceschi S,Barbone F,Negri E,Decarli A,Ferraroni M,Filiberti R,Giacosa A,Gnagnarella P,Nanni O,Salvini S. Reproducibility of an Italian food frequency questionnaire for cancer studies. Results for specific nutrients. Ann Epidemiol 1995; 5: 6975.
  • 15
    Decarli A,Franceschi S,Ferraroni M,Gnagnarella P,Parpinel MT,La Vecchia C,Negri E,Salvini S,Falcini F,Giacosa A. Validation of a food-frequency questionnaire to assess dietary intakes in cancer studies in Italy. Results for specific nutrients. Ann Epidemiol 1996; 6: 110118.
  • 16
    Breslow NE,Day NE. Statistical methods in cancer research, vol. 1: The analysis of case-control studies. IARC Scientific Publications No. 32. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1980.
  • 17
    Willett WC,Stampfer MJ. Total energy intake: implications for epidemiologic analysis. Am J Epidemiol 1996; 124: 1727.
  • 18
    Decarli A,Favero A,La Vecchia C,Russo A,Ferraroni M,Negri E,Franceschi S. Macronutrients, energy intake, and breast cancer risk: implications from different models. Epidemiology 1997; 8: 4258.
  • 19
    Chow WH,Gridley G,McLaughlin JK,Mandel JS,Wacholder S,Blot WJ,Niwa S,Fraumeni JF,Jr. Protein intake and risk of renal cell cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1994; 86: 11319.
  • 20
    Mellemgaard A,McLaughlin JK,Overvad K,Olsen JH. Dietary risk factors for renal cell carcinoma in Denmark. Eur J Cancer A 1996; 32: 67382.
  • 21
    Serra-Majem L,La Vecchia C,Ribas-barba L,Prietto-Ramos F,Lucchini F,Ramon JM,Salleras L. Changes in diet and mortality from selected cancers in southern Mediterranean countries 1960–1989. Eur J Clin Nutr 1993; 47: S25S34.
  • 22
    Favero A,Salvini S,Russo A,Parpinel M,Negri E,Decarli A,La Vecchia C,Giacosa A,Franceschi S. Sources of macro- and micronutrients in Italian women: results from a food-frequency questionnaire for cancer studies. Eur J Cancer Prev 1997; 6: 27787.
  • 23
    Cheung CW,Vesey DA,Nicol DL,Johnson DW. The roles of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in the regulation of proximal tubule, and renal cell carcinoma cell proliferation. Kidney Int 2004; 65: 12729.
  • 24
    Augustin LS,Franceschi S,Jenkins DJ,Kendall CW,La Vecchia C. Glycemic index in chronic disease: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002; 56: 104971.
  • 25
    Talamini R,Baron AE,Barra S,Bidoli E,La Vecchia C,Negri E,Serraino D,Franceschi S. A case-control study of risk factor for renal cell cancer in northern Italy. Cancer Causes Control 1990; 1: 12531.
  • 26
    Wolk A,Gridley G,Niwa S,Lindblad P,McCredie M,Mellemgaard A,Mandel JS,Wahrendorf J,McLaughlin JK,Adami HO. International renal cell cancer study. VII. Role of diet. Int J Cancer 1996; 65: 6773.
  • 27
    La Vecchia C,Bosetti C. Diet and cancer risk in Mediterranean countries: open issues. Public Health Nutr 2006; 9: 107782.
  • 28
    Larsson SC,Kumlin M,Ingelman-Sundberg M,Wolk A. Dietary long-chain n-3 fatty acids for the prevention of cancer: a review of potential mechanisms. Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 79: 93545.
  • 29
    Faramawi MF,Johnson E,Fry MW,Sall M,Zhou Y. Consumption of different types of meat and the risk of renal cancer: meta-analysis of case-control studies. Cancer Causes Control 2007; 18: 12533.
  • 30
    Tavani A,La Vecchia C. Epidemiology of renal-cell carcinoma. J Nephrol 1997; 10: 93106.