SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Centers for Disease Control. 1993 revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. MMWR Recomm Rep1992; 41: 119.
  • 2
    International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans.Human immunodeficiency viruses and human T-cell lymphotrophic viruses, vol. 67. Lyon: IARC, 1994.
  • 3
    Penn I. Cancers in renal transplant recipients. Adv Ren Replace Ther 2000; 7: 14756.
  • 4
    Grulich AE,van Leeuwen MT,Falster MO,Vajdic CM. Incidence of cancers in people with HIV/AIDS compared with immunosuppressed transplant recipients: a meta-analysis. Lancet 2007; 370: 5967.
  • 5
    Grulich AE,Wan X,Law MG,Coates M,Kaldor JM. Risk of cancer in people with AIDS. AIDS 1999; 13: 83943.
  • 6
    Frisch M,Biggar RJ,Goedert JJ. Human papillomavirus-associated cancers in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000; 92: 150010.
  • 7
    Goedert JJ. The epidemiology of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome malignancies. Semin Oncol 2000; 27: 390401.
  • 8
    Burgi A,Brodine S,Wegner S,Milazzo M,Wallace MR,Spooner K,Blazes DL,Agan BK,Armstrong A,Fraser S,Crum NF. Incidence and risk factors for the occurrence of non-AIDS-defining cancers among human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals. Cancer 2005; 104: 150511.
  • 9
    Mbulaiteye SM,Katabira ET,Wabinga H,Parkin DM,Virgo P,Ochai R,Workneh M,Coutinho A,Engels EA. Spectrum of cancers among HIV-infected persons in Africa: the Uganda AIDS-Cancer Registry Match Study. Int J Cancer 2006; 118: 98590.
  • 10
    Parkin DM,Ferlay JHamdi-Cherif M,Sitas F,Thomas JO,Wabinga H,Whelan SL. Cancer in Africa. Epidemiology and prevention. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2004.
  • 11
    Sitas F,Pacella-Norman R,Carrara H,Patel M,Ruff P,Sur R,Jentsch U,Hale M,Rowji P,Saffer D,Connor M,Bull D, et al. The spectrum of HIV-1 related cancers in South Africa. Int J Cancer 2000; 88: 48992.
  • 12
    UNAIDS. Report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva: UNAIDS, 2006.
  • 13
    Republic of South Africa. Department of Health. National HIV and syphilis seroprevalence survey of women attending public antenatal clinics in South Africa 2000. Pretoria: Department of Health, 2000.
  • 14
    Republic of South Africa. Department of Health. National HIV and syphilis antenatal prevalence survey, South Africa 2005. Pretoria: Department of Health 2006.
  • 15
    Shisana O,Rehle T,Simbayi L,Parker W,Zuma K,Bhana A,Connolly C,Jooste S,Pillay V, et al. South African national HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, behaviour and communications survey. Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, 2005.
  • 16
    Anderson BA,Phillips HE. Adult mortality (age 15-64) based on death notification data in South Africa: 1997–2004. Report No. 03-09-05. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa, 2006.
  • 17
    Actuarial Society of South Africa. ASSA 2003 AIDS and demographic model. Cape Town: Actuarial Society of South Africa, 2005.
  • 18
    Medical Research Council. South African national burden of disease study 2000. Cape Town, Medical Research Council, 2005.
  • 19
    Bradshaw D,Laubscher R,Dorrington R,Bourne DE,Timaeus IM. Unabated rise in number of adult deaths in South Africa. S Afr Med J 2004; 94: 2789.
  • 20
    Dorrington R,Bourne D,Bradshaw D,Laubscher R,Timæus IM. The impact of HIV/AIDS on adult mortality in South Africa. Cape Town: Medical Research Council, 2001.
  • 21
    Percy C,Van Holten V,Muir C. International classification of diseases for oncology, 2nd edn. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1990.
  • 22
    Mqoqi N,Kellet P,Sitas F,Jula M. Incidence of histologically diagnosed cancer in South Africa 1998–1999. Johannesburg: National Cancer Registry, National Health Laboratory Service, 2004.
  • 23
    Newton R,Ziegler J,Beral V,Mbidde E,Carpenter L,Wabinga H,Mbulaiteye S,Appleby P,Reeves G,Jaffe H. A case–control study of human immunodeficiency virus infection and cancer in adults and children residing in Kampala, Uganda. Int J Cancer 2001; 92: 6227.
  • 24
    Newton R,Grulich A,Beral V,Sindikubwabo B,Ngilimana PJ,Nganyira A,Parkin DM. Cancer and HIV infection in Rwanda. Lancet 1995; 345: 13789.
  • 25
    Sitas F. Incidence of histologically diagnosed cancer in South Africa 1988. Johannesburg: National Cancer Registry, South African Institute for Medical Research, 1992.
  • 26
    Dedicoat M,Sitas F,Newton R. Cancer in rural Kwa-Zulu-Natal. S Afr Med J 2003; 93: 8467.
  • 27
    Schonland M,Bradshaw E. Cancer in the Natal African, 1964–66. Cancer morbidity incidence and geographical pathology in the Natal hinterland. S Afr J Med Sci 1968; 33: 3342.
  • 28
    Berringtonde Gonzalez,Urban M,Sitas F,Blackburn N,Hale M,Patel M,Ruff P,Sur R,Newton R,Beral V. Antibodies against six human herpesviruses in relation to seven cancers in black South Africans: a case control study. Infect Agent Cancer 2006; 1: 2.
  • 29
    Sitas F,Bezwoda WR,Levin V,Ruff P,Kew MC,Hale MJ,Carrara H,Beral V,Fleming G,Odes R,Weaving A. Association between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and cancer in the black population of Johannesburg and Soweto, South Africa. Br J Cancer 1997; 75: 17047.
  • 30
    Mandelblatt JS,Kanetsky P,Eggert L,Gold K. Is HIV infection a cofactor for cervical squamous cell neoplasia? Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1999; 8: 97106.
  • 31
    Moodley JR,Hoffman M,Carrara H,Allan BR,Cooper DD,Rosenberg L,Denny LE,Shapiro S,Williamson AL. HIV and pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the cervix in South Africa: a case–control study. BMC Cancer 2006; 6: 135.
  • 32
    Moodley M,Mould S. Invasive cervical cancer and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. J Obstet Gynaecol 2005; 25: 70610.
  • 33
    Chirenje ZM. HIV and cancer of the cervix. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2005; 19: 26976.
  • 34
    International Collaboration on HIV and Cancer. Highly active antiretroviral therapy and incidence of cancer in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000; 92: 182330.