Notch1 is a frequent mutational target in chemically induced lymphoma in mouse
Article first published online: 16 SEP 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
International Journal of Cancer
Volume 123, Issue 11, pages 2720–2724, 1 December 2008
How to Cite
Karlsson, A., Ungerbäck, J., Rasmussen, A., French, J. E. and Söderkvist, P. (2008), Notch1 is a frequent mutational target in chemically induced lymphoma in mouse. Int. J. Cancer, 123: 2720–2724. doi: 10.1002/ijc.23832
- Issue published online: 24 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 16 SEP 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 JUN 2008
- Manuscript Received: 18 JAN 2008
- Swedish Cancer Society
- County Council of Östergötland
Activating Notch1 mutations have been reported in human T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and lymphomas from genetically modified mice. We report that Notch1 is a prevalent and major mutational target in chemically induced mouse lymphoma. The regions of the gene that are frequently mutated are the heterodimerization domain and the N-terminal ligand-binding region, important for protein stability, and the polypeptide rich in proline, glutamate, serine and threonine (PEST) domains, which is critical for protein degradation. Another gene, CDC4, is also involved in Notch1 degradation and shows frequent mutations. Mutations in the heterodimerization and the ligand-binding regions may cause ligand-independent signaling, whereas mutations preventing protein degradation result in accumulation of intracellular Notch1. We analyzed 103 chemical-induced mouse lymphomas for mutations in the Notch1 gene using single strand conformation analysis (SSCA) and DNA sequencing. Genetic alterations resulting in premature truncation of Notch1 were identified in 28 tumors, whereas 8 revealed alterations in the heterodimerization and 16 harbored deletions in the ligand-binding region. Dideoxycytidine-induced lymphomas displayed the highest frequency of Notch1 mutations (49%), whereas in butadiene- and phenolphthalein-induced tumors showed lower frequencies (26 and 10%, respectively). In total, 26 novel and 3 previously reported mutations were detected. This report shows that Notch1 is a prevalent and major mutational target for 2′,3′-dideoxycytidine and butadiene-induced lymphoma. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.