Reduction of TIP30 correlates with poor prognosis of gastric cancer patients and its restoration drastically inhibits tumor growth and metastasis

Authors

  • Xiaohua Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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    • Xiaohua Li, Ying Zhang, Shanshan Cao and Xiong Chen contributed equally to this work.

  • Ying Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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    • Xiaohua Li, Ying Zhang, Shanshan Cao and Xiong Chen contributed equally to this work.

  • Shanshan Cao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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    • Xiaohua Li, Ying Zhang, Shanshan Cao and Xiong Chen contributed equally to this work.

  • Xiong Chen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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    • Xiaohua Li, Ying Zhang, Shanshan Cao and Xiong Chen contributed equally to this work.

  • Yuanyuan Lu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Haifeng Jin,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Shiren Sun,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Bei Chen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Jie Liu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Jie Ding,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Kaichun Wu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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  • Daiming Fan

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, 17 Changle Western Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710032, People's Republic of China
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    • Fax: +86-29-82539041.


Abstract

Gastric cancer is an aggressive cancer with poor prognosis. Identification of precise prognostic marker and effective therapeutic target is important in the treatment of gastric cancer. TIP30, a newly identified tumor suppressor, appears to be involved in multiple functions including tumorigenic suppression, apoptosis induction and diminishing angiogenic properties. Here, the level of TIP30 expression was determined in gastric cancer, and the impact of its alteration on cancer biology and clinical outcome was investigated. We found that TIP30 protein was absent or reduced in gastric cancer cell lines. There was also a loss or substantial decrease of TIP30 expression in 106 cases of gastric tumors as compared with that in normal gastric mucosa (p < 0.05), which was significantly associated with inferior survival duration. In a Cox proportional hazards model, TIP30 expression independently predicted better survival (p < 0.05). We also restored TIP30 protein expression in human gastric cancer-derived cells AGS and MKN28 lacking endogenous TIP30 protein to study the effects of TIP30 expression on cell proliferation, cell kinetics, tumorigenicity and metastasis in BALB/c nude mice and found that adenoviral-mediated restoration of TIP30 expression led to downregulation of cyclin D1, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, but to upregulation of p27, Bax, p53, caspase 3 and 9 expression, cell cycle G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis in vitro, and dramatic attenuation of tumor growth and abrogation of metastasis in animal models. Taken together, the present work revealed a novel function of TIP30, which can possibly be used as an independent prognostic factor and a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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