SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    WCRF. World Cancer Research Fund. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective, 2nd, ed. Washington: American Institute for Cancer Research, 2007.
  • 2
    Renehan A, Tyson M, Egger M, Heller RF, Zwahlen M. Body mass index and incidence of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Lancet 2008; 371( 9612): 56978.
  • 3
    Renehan AG, Roberts DL, Dive C. Obesity and cancer: pathophysiological and biological mechanisms. Arch Physiol Biochem 2008; 114( 1): 7183.
  • 4
    Renehan AG. Bariatric surgery, weight reduction and cancer prevention. Lancet Oncology 2009; 10: 64041.
  • 5
    Sjostrom L, Gunmmessson A, Sjostrom CD, Narbro K, Peltonen M, Wedel H, Bengtsson C, Bouchard C, Carlsson B, Dahlgren S, Jacobson P, Karason K, et al. Effects of bariatric surgery on cancer incidences in Swedish Obese Subjects, SOS, a prospective controlled intervention trial. Lancet Oncology 2009: 65362.
  • 6
    James PT, Leach R, Kalamara E, Shayeghi M. The worldwide obesity epidemic. Obes Res 2001; 9 (Suppl 4): 228S33S.
  • 7
    Kelly T, Yang W, Chen CS, Reynolds K, He J. Global burden of obesity in 2005 and projections to 2030. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32( 9): 14317.
  • 8
    Bergstrom A, Pisani P, Tenet V, Wolk A, Adami HO. Overweight as an avoidable cause of cancer in Europe. Int J Cancer 2001; 91( 3): 42130.
  • 9
    Levin ML. The occurrence of lung cancer in man. Acta Unio Int Contra Cancrum 1953; 9: 53141.
  • 10
    Greenland S, Robins JM. Conceptual problems in the definition and interpretation of attributable fractions. Am J Epidemiol 1988; 128( 6): 118597.
  • 11
    Utley M, Gallivan S, Biddulph J, McCarthy M, Ferguson J. ARMADA–a computer model of the impact of environmental factors on health. Health Care Manag Sci 2003; 6( 3): 13746.
  • 12
    Veerman JL, Barendregt JJ, Mackenbach JP. Quantitative health impact assessment: current practice and future directions. J Epidemiol Community Health 2005; 59( 5): 36170.
  • 13
    Wolfson MC. POHEM–a framework for understanding and modelling the health of human populations. World Health Stat Q 1994; 47( 3–4): 15776.
  • 14
    McPherson K, Marsh T, Brown J. Tackling obesities: Future choices – modelling future trends in obesity and the impact on health. Foresight. London, 2007.
  • 15
    Barrendregt JJ. Prevent – the technical background. In: BaanCA, BarendregtJJ, BonneauxL, Bronnum-HanseH, Gunning-SchepersL, JorgensenK, van der MassP, eds. Public health modesl: tools for health policy making at national and European level. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, 1999. 1731.
  • 16
    Chang S, Masse LC, Moser RP, Dodd KW, Arganaraz F, Fuemmler BF, Jemal A. State ranks of incident cancer burden due to overweight and obesity in the United States, 2003. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2008; 16( 7): 163650.
  • 17
    Hanley JA. A heuristic approach to the formulas for population attributable fraction. J Epidemiol Community Health 2001; 55( 7): 50814.
  • 18
    Harvie M, Hooper L, Howell AH. Central obesity and breast cancer risk: a systematic review. Obes Rev 2003; 4( 3): 15773.
  • 19
    Ferlay J, Bray F, Pisani P, Parkin DM. GLOBCAN2002. Cancer Incidence, Moratlity and Prevalence Worldwide. Lyon: IARC, 2003.
  • 20
    Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Teppo L, Thomas DB.IARC Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Vol III. Lyon: IARC Scientific Publications, 2002.
  • 21
    World Health Organisation Global Infobase (http://www.who.int/ infobase/report.aspx?rid=1160 (accessed 16 June 2008).
  • 22
    Parker ED, Folsom AR. Intentional weight loss and incidence of obesity-related cancers: the Iowa Women's Health Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003; 27( 12): 144752.
  • 23
    Harvie M, Howell A, Vierkant RA, Kumar N, Cerhan JR, Kelemen LE, Folsom AR, Sellers TA. Association of gain and loss of weight before and after menopause with risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in the Iowa women's health study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2005; 14( 3): 65661.
  • 24
    Elliott AM, Aucott LS, Hannaford PC, Smith WC. Weight change in adult life and health outcomes. Obes Res 2005; 13( 10): 178492.
  • 25
    Eliassen AH, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Willett WC, Hankinson SE. Adult weight change and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. JAMA 2006; 296( 2): 193201.
  • 26
    Rodriguez C, Freedland SJ, Deka A, Jacobs EJ, McCullough ML, Patel AV, Thun MJ, Calle EE. Body mass index, weight change, and risk of prostate cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2007; 16( 1): 639.
  • 27
    Reeves GK, Pirie K, Beral V, Green J, Spencer E, Bull D. Cancer incidence and mortality in relation to body mass index in the Million Women Study: cohort study. BMJ 2007.
  • 28
    Heller RF, Buchan I, Edwards R, Lyratzopoulos G, McElduff P, St Leger S. Communicating risks at the population level: application of population impact numbers. BMJ 2003; 327( 7424): 11625.
  • 29
    Murray CJ, Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Vander Hoorn S. Comparative quantification of health risks conceptual framework and methodological issues. Popul Health Metr 2003; 1( 1): 1.
  • 30
    Ezzati M, Hoorn SV, Rodgers A, Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Murray CJ. Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors. Lancet 2003; 362( 9380): 27180.
  • 31
    Higgins JP, Thompson SG, Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. BMJ 2003; 327( 7414): 55760.
  • 32
    Flegal KM, Graubard BI, Williamson DF. Methods of calculating deaths attributable to obesity. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 160( 4): 3318.
  • 33
    Morimoto LM, White E, Chen Z, Chlebowski RT, Hays J, Kuller L, Lopez AM, Manson J, Margolis KL, Muti PC, Stefanick ML, McTiernan A. Obesity, body size, and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative (United States). Cancer Causes Control 2002; 13( 8): 74151.
  • 34
    McCullough ML, Patel AV, Patel R, Rodriguez C, Feigelson HS, Bandera EV, Gansler T, Thun MJ, Calle EE. Body mass and endometrial cancer risk by hormone replacement therapy and cancer subtype. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008; 17( 1): 739.
  • 35
    Milewicz A, Jedrzejuk D, Lwow F, Bialynicka AS, Lopatynski J, Mardarowicz G, Zahorska-Markiewicz B. Prevalence of obesity in Poland. Obes Rev 2005; 6( 2): 1134.
  • 36
    Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000. JAMA 2002; 288( 14): 17237.
  • 37
    Freedland SJ, Giovannucci E, Platz EA. Are findings from studies of obesity and prostate cancer really in conflict? Cancer Causes Control 2006; 17( 1): 59.
  • 38
    Kumle M. Declining breast cancer incidence and decreased HRT use. Lancet 2008; 372( 9639): 60810.
  • 39
    Lindemann K, Vatten LJ, Ellstrom-Engh M, Eskild A. Body mass, diabetes and smoking, and endometrial cancer risk: a follow-up study. Br J Cancer 2008; 98( 9): 15825.
  • 40
    Lin LI. A concordance correlation coefficient to evaluate reproducibility. Biometrics 1989; 45( 1): 25568.
  • 41
    Soerjomataram I, Coebergh JW, Louwman MW, Visser O, van Leeuwen FE. Does the decrease in hormone replacement therapy also affect breast cancer risk in the Netherlands? J Clin Oncol 2007; 25( 31): 50389; author reply 39–40.
  • 42
    Pischon T, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Bergmann M, Schulze MB, Overvad K, van der Schouw YT, Spencer E, Moons KG, Tjonneland A, Halkjaer J, Jensen MK, et al. General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. N Engl J Med 2008; 359( 20): 210520.
  • 43
    Neovius M, Sundstrom J, Rasmussen F. Combined effects of overweight and smoking in late adolescence on subsequent mortality: nationwide cohort study. BMJ 2009; 338: b496.
  • 44
    Flegal KM, Graubard BI, Williamson DF, Gail MH. Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. JAMA 2005; 293( 15): 18617.
  • 45
    Prospective Studies C. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900 000 adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. Lancet 2009; 373( 9669): 108396.
  • 46
    Palmer JR, Adams–Campbell LL, Boggs DA, Wise LA, Rosenberg L. A prospective study of body size and breast cancer in black women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2007; 16( 9): 1795802.
  • 47
    Boffetta P, Tubiana M, Hill C, Boniol M, Aurengo A, Masse R, Valleron AJ, Monier R, de The G, Boyle P, Autier P. The causes of cancer in France. Ann Oncol 2008.
  • 48
    Danaei G, Vander Hoorn S, Lopez AD, Murray CJ, Ezzati M. Causes of cancer in the world: comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors. Lancet 2005; 366( 9499): 178493.
  • 49
    Calle EE, Rodriguez C, Walker-Thurmond K, Thun MJ. Overweight, obesity, and mortality from cancer in a prospectively studied cohort of U.S. adults. N Engl J Med 2003; 348( 17): 162538.
  • 50
    WCRF. World Cancer Research Fund. Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention. Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity: A Global Perspective. Washington: American Institute for Cancer Research, 2009.
  • 51
    Mezzetti M, La Vecchia C, Decarli A, Boyle P, Talamini R, Franceschi S. Population attributable risk for breast cancer: diet, nutrition, and physical exercise. J Natl Cancer Inst 1998; 90( 5): 38994.
  • 52
    Tavani A, Braga C, La Vecchia C, Negri E, Franceschi S. Hormone replacement treatment and breast cancer risk: an age-specific analysis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1997; 6( 1): 114.
  • 53
    Thygesen LC, Gronbaek M, Johansen C, Fuchs CS, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Prospective weight change and colon cancer risk in male US health professionals. Int J Cancer 2008; 123( 5): 11605.
  • 54
    Martin-Moreno JM, Soerjomataram I, Magnusson G. Cancer causes and prevention: a condensed appraisal in Europe in 2008. Eur J Cancer 2008; 44( 10): 1390403.
  • 55
    Peto R, Darby S, Deo H, Silcocks P, Whitley E, Doll R. Smoking, smoking cessation, and lung cancer in the UK since 1950: combination of national statistics with two case-control studies. BMJ 2000; 321( 7257): 3239.
  • 56
    Murray CJ, Lopez AD. On the comparable quantification of health risks: lessons from the Global Burden of Disease Study. Epidemiology 1999; 10( 5): 594605.