SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Storm H. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, IARC CancerBase No. 7, 2005.
  • 2
    Key TJ, Pike MC. The dose-effect relationship between ‘unopposed’ oestrogens and endometrial mitotic rate: its central role in explaining and predicting endometrial cancer risk. Br J Cancer 1988; 57: 20512.
  • 3
    Kvale G, Heuch I, Ursin G. Reproductive factors and risk of cancer of the uterine corpus: a prospective study. Cancer Res 1988; 48: 621721.
  • 4
    Albrektsen G, Heuch I, Tretli S, Kvale G. Is the risk of cancer of the corpus uteri reduced by a recent pregnancy? A prospective study of 765,756 Norwegian women. Int J Cancer 1995; 61: 48590.
  • 5
    McPherson CP, Sellers TA, Potter JD, Bostick RM, Folsom AR. Reproductive factors and risk of endometrial cancer. The Iowa Women's Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 1996; 143: 1195202.
  • 6
    Mogren I, Stenlund H, Hogberg U. Long-term impact of reproductive factors on the risk of cervical, endometrial, ovarian and breast cancer. Acta Oncol 2001; 40: 84954.
  • 7
    Hinkula M, Pukkala E, Kyyronen P, Kauppila A. Grand multiparity and incidence of endometrial cancer: a population-based study in Finland. Int J Cancer 2002; 98: 9125.
  • 8
    Neale RE, Darlington S, Murphy MF, Silcocks PB, Purdie DM, Talback M. The effects of twins, parity and age at first birth on cancer risk in Swedish women. Twin Res Hum Genet 2005; 8: 15662.
  • 9
    Hemminki K, Bermejo JL, Granstrom C. Endometrial cancer: population attributable risks from reproductive, familial and socioeconomic factors. Eur J Cancer 2005; 41: 21559.
  • 10
    Wernli KJ, Ray RM, Gao DL, De Roos AJ, Checkoway H, Thomas DB. Menstrual and reproductive factors in relation to risk of endometrial cancer in Chinese women. Cancer Causes Control 2006; 17: 94955.
  • 11
    Karageorgi S, Hankinson SE, Kraft P, De Vivo I. Reproductive factors and postmenopausal hormone use in relation to endometrial cancer risk in the nurses' health study cohort 1976–2004. Int J Cancer 2010; 126: 20816.
  • 12
    Brinton LA, Berman ML, Mortel R, Twiggs LB, Barrett RJ, Wilbanks GD, Lannom L, Hoover RN. Reproductive, menstrual, and medical risk factors for endometrial cancer: results from a case–control study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992; 167: 131725.
  • 13
    Rosenblatt KA, Thomas DB. Prolonged lactation and endometrial cancer. WHO Collaborative Study of Neoplasia and Steroid Contraceptives. Int J Epidemiol 1995; 24: 499503.
  • 14
    Salazar-Martinez E, Lazcano-Ponce EC, Gonzalez Lira-Lira G, Escudero-De los RP, Salmeron-Castro J, Hernandez-Avila M. Reproductive factors of ovarian and endometrial cancer risk in a high fertility population in Mexico. Cancer Res 1999; 59: 365862.
  • 15
    Riboli E, Hunt KJ, Slimani N, Ferrari P, Norat T, Fahey M, Charrondiere UR, Hemon B, Casagrande C, Vignat J, Overvad K, Tjonneland A, et al. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): study populations and data collection. Public Health Nutr 2002; 5: 111324.
  • 16
    Haftenberger M, Schuit AJ, Tormo MJ, Boeing H, Wareham N, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Kumle M, Hjartaker A, Chirlaque MD, Ardanaz E, Andren C, Lindahl B, et al. Physical activity of subjects aged 50–64 years involved in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Public Health Nutr 2002; 5: 116376.
  • 17
    Besson H, Ekelund U, Luan J, May AM, Sharp S, Travier N, Agudo A, Slimani N, Rinaldi S, Jenab M, Norat T, Mouw T, et al. A cross-sectional analysis of physical activity and obesity indicators in European participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study. Int J Obes 2009; 33: 497506.
  • 18
    Heuch I, Albrektsen G, Kvale G. Modeling effects of age at and time since delivery on subsequent risk of cancer. Epidemiology 1999; 10: 73946.
  • 19
    Lund E. Number of children and death from hormone-dependent cancers. Int J Cancer 1990; 46: 9981000.
  • 20
    Parazzini F, Negri E, La Vecchia C, Benzi G, Chiaffarino F, Polatti A, Francheschi S. Role of reproductive factors on the risk of endometrial cancer. Int J Cancer 1998; 76: 7846.
  • 21
    Lambe M, Wuu J, Weiderpass E, Hsieh CC. Childbearing at older age and endometrial cancer risk (Sweden). Cancer Causes Control 1999; 10: 439.
  • 22
    Xu WH, Xiang YB, Ruan ZX, Zheng W, Cheng JR, Dai Q, Gao YT, Shu XO. Menstrual and reproductive factors and endometrial cancer risk: Results from a population-based case–control study in urban Shanghai. Int J Cancer 2004; 108: 61319.
  • 23
    Brinton LA, Sakoda LC, Lissowska J, Sherman ME, Chatterjee N, Peplonska B, Szeszenia-Dabrowska N, Zatonski W, Garcia-Closas M. Reproductive risk factors for endometrial cancer among Polish women. Br J Cancer 2007; 96: 14506.
  • 24
    Chan MF, Dowsett M, Folkerd E, Wareham N, Luben R, Welch A, Bingham S, Khaw KT. Past oral contraceptive and hormone therapy use and endogenous hormone concentrations in postmenopausal women. Menopause 2008; 15: 3329.
  • 25
    Kvale G, Heuch I, Nilssen S. Reproductive factors and cancers of the breast and genital organs—are the different cancer sites similarly affected? Cancer Detect Prev 1991; 15: 36977.
  • 26
    Newcomb PA, Trentham-Dietz A. Breast feeding practices in relation to endometrial cancer risk, USA. Cancer Causes Control 2000; 11: 6637.
  • 27
    Emons G, Fleckenstein G, Hinney B, Huschmand A, Heyl W. Hormonal interactions in endometrial cancer. Endocr Relat Cancer 2000; 7: 22742.
  • 28
    Sherman ME. Theories of endometrial carcinogenesis: a multidisciplinary approach. Mod Pathol 2000; 13: 295308.