• 1
    Brinton LA, Lamb EJ, Moghissi KS, Scoccia B, Althuis MD, Mabie JE, Westhoff CL. Ovarian cancer risk associated with varying causes of infertility. Fertil Steril 2004; 82: 40514.
  • 2
    Brinton LA, Westhoff CL, Scoccia B, Lamb EJ, Althuis MD, Mabie JE, Moghissi KS. Causes of infertility as predictors of subsequent cancer risk. Epidemiology 2005; 16: 5007.
  • 3
    Melin A, Sparen P, Persson I, Bergqvist A. Endometriosis and the risk of cancer with special emphasis on ovarian cancer. Hum Reprod 2006; 21: 123742.
  • 4
    Olson JE, Cerhan JR, Janney CA, Anderson KE, Vachon CM, Sellers TA. Postmenopausal cancer risk after self-reported endometriosis diagnosis in the Iowa Women's Health Study. Cancer 2002; 94: 16128.
  • 5
    Bertelsen L, Mellemkjaer L, Frederiksen K, Kjaer SK, Brinton LA, Sakoda LC, van Valkengoed I, Olsen JH. Risk for breast cancer among women with endometriosis. Int J Cancer 2007; 120: 13725.
  • 6
    Brinton LA, Gridley G, Persson I, Baron J, Bergqvist A. Cancer risk after a hospital discharge diagnosis of endometriosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997; 176: 5729.
  • 7
    Nishida M, Watanabe K, Sato N, Ichikawa Y. Malignant transformation of ovarian endometriosis. Gynecol Obstet Invest 2000; 50( Suppl 1): 1825.
  • 8
    Yoshikawa H, Jimbo H, Okada S, Matsumoto K, Onda T, Yasugi T, Taketani Y. Prevalence of endometriosis in ovarian cancer. Gynecol Obstet Invest 2000; 50( Suppl 1): 117.
  • 9
    Eskenazi B, Warner ML. Epidemiology of endometriosis. Obstet Gynecol Clin N Am 1997; 24: 23558.
  • 10
    Olive DL, Schwartz LB. Medical progress—endometriosis. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 175969.
  • 11
    Thomas EJ, Campbell IG. Evidence that endometriosis behaves in a malignant manner. Gynecol Obstet Invest 2000; 50( Suppl 1): 210.
  • 12
    Erzen M, Kovacic J. Relationship between endometriosis and ovarian cancer. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol 1998; 19: 5535.
  • 13
    Ogawa S, Kaku T, Amada S, Kobayashi H, Hirakawa T, Ariyoshi K, Kamura T, Nakano H. Ovarian endometriosis associated with ovarian carcinoma: A clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study. Gynecol Oncol 2000; 77: 298304.
  • 14
    Stern RC, Dash R, Bentley RC, Snyder MJ, Haney AF, Robboy SJ. Malignancy in endometriosis: frequency and comparison of ovarian and extraovarian types. Int J Gynecol Pathol 2001; 20: 1339.
  • 15
    Erzen M, Rakar S, Klancar B, Syrjanen K. Endometriosis-associated ovarian carcinoma (EAOC): an entity distinct from other ovarian carcinomas as suggested by a nested case-control study. Gynecol Oncol 2001; 83: 1008.
  • 16
    Komiyama S, Aoki D, Tominaga E, Susumu N, Udagawa Y, Nozawa S. Prognosis of Japanese patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma associated with pelvic endometriosis: clinicopathologic evaluation. Gynecol Oncol 1999; 72: 3426.
  • 17
    Orezzoli JP, Russell AH, Oliva E, Del Carmen MG, Eichhorn J, Fuller AF. Prognostic implication of endometriosis in clear cell carcinoma of the ovary. 39th Annual Meeting of the Society-of-Gynecologic-Oncologists 2008: 33644.
  • 18
    Benedet JL, Bender H, Jones H,III, Ngan HY, Pecorelli S. FIGO staging classifications and clinical practice guidelines in the management of gynecologic cancers. FIGO Committee on Gynecologic Oncology. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2000; 70: 20962.
  • 19
    Statistics from Centre of Epidemiology, Cancer statistics. Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, 2005.
  • 20
    Melin A, Sparen P, Bergqvist A. The risk of cancer and the role of parity among women with endometriosis. Hum Reprod 2007; 22: 30216.
  • 21
    Van Gorp T, Amant F, Neven P, Vergote I. Endometriosis and the development of malignant tumours of the pelvis. A review of literature. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2004; 18: 34971.
  • 22
    Nagle CM, Bain CJ, Green AC, Webb PM. The influence of reproductive and hormonal factors on ovarian cancer survival. Int J Gynecol Cancer 2008; 18: 40713.
  • 23
    Kjaerbye-Thygesen A, Frederiksen K, Hogdall EV, Hogdall CK, Blaakaer J, Kjaer SK. Do risk factors for epithelial ovarian cancer have an impact on prognosis? Focus on previous pelvic surgery and reproductive variables. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol 2006; 27: 46772.
  • 24
    Mascarenhas C, Lambe M, Bellocco R, Bergfeldt K, Riman T, Persson I, Weiderpass E. Use of hormone replacement therapy before and after ovarian cancer diagnosis and ovarian cancer survival. Int J Cancer 2006; 119: 290715.
  • 25
    Driscoll MS, Grant-Kels JM. Hormones, nevi, and melanoma: an approach to the patient. J Am Acad Dermatol 2007; 57: 91931; quiz 32–6.
  • 26
    Richardson B, Price A, Wagner M, Williams V, Lorigan P, Browne S, Miller JG, Mac Neil S. Investigation of female survival benefit in metastatic melanoma. Br J Cancer 1999; 80: 202533.
  • 27
    Bardin A, Boulle N, Lazennec G, Vignon F, Pujol P. Loss of ERbeta expression as a common step in estrogen-dependent tumor progression. Endocr Relat Cancer 2004; 11: 53751.
  • 28
    Trukhacheva E, Lin Z, Reierstad S, Cheng YH, Milad M, Bulun SE. Estrogen receptor (ER) beta regulates ERalpha expression in stromal cells derived from ovarian endometriosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2009; 94: 61522.
  • 29
    Smuc T, Hevir N, Ribic-Pucelj M, Husen B, Thole H, Rizner TL. Disturbed estrogen and progesterone action in ovarian endometriosis. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2009; 301: 5964.
  • 30
    Brandenberger AW, Tee MK, Jaffe RB. Estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) and beta (ER-beta) mRNAs in normal ovary, ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and ovarian cancer cell lines: down-regulation of ER-beta in neoplastic tissues. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1998; 83: 10258.
  • 31
    Pujol P, Rey JM, Nirde P, Roger P, Gastaldi M, Laffargue F, Rochefort H, Maudelonde T. Differential expression of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta messenger RNAs as a potential marker of ovarian carcinogenesis. Cancer Res 1998; 58: 536773.
  • 32
    Rutherford T, Brown WD, Sapi E, Aschkenazi S, Munoz A, Mor G. Absence of estrogen receptor-beta expression in metastatic ovarian cancer. Obstet Gynecol 2000; 96: 41721.
  • 33
    Chan KK, Wei N, Liu SS, Xiao-Yun L, Cheung AN, Ngan HY. Estrogen receptor subtypes in ovarian cancer: a clinical correlation. Obstet Gynecol 2008; 111: 14451.
  • 34
    Yang XY, Xi MR, Yang KX, Yu H. Prognostic value of estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status in young Chinese ovarian carcinoma patients. Gynecol Oncol 2009; 113: 99104.
  • 35
    Hogdall EV, Christensen L, Hogdall CK, Blaakaer J, Gayther S, Jacobs IJ, Christensen IJ, Kjaer SK. Prognostic value of estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor tumor expression in Danish ovarian cancer patients: from the “MALOVA” ovarian cancer study. Oncol Rep 2007; 18: 10519.
  • 36
    Schmidt AN, Nanney LB, Boyd AS, King LE,Jr, Ellis DL. Oestrogen receptor-beta expression in melanocytic lesions. Exp Dermatol 2006; 15: 97180.
  • 37
    de Giorgi V, Mavilia C, Massi D, Gozzini A, Aragona P, Tanini A, Sestini S, Paglierani M, Boddi V, Brandi ML, Lotti T. Estrogen receptor expression in cutaneous melanoma: a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical study. Arch Dermatol 2009; 145: 306.
  • 38
    Platet N, Cathiard AM, Gleizes M, Garcia M. Estrogens and their receptors in breast cancer progression: a dual role in cancer proliferation and invasion. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2004; 51: 5567.
  • 39
    McLeod BS, Retzloff MG. Epidemiology of endometriosis: an assessment of risk factors. Clin Obstet Gynecol; 53: 38996.
  • 40
    Parr CL, Batty GD, Lam TH, Barzi F, Fang X, Ho SC, Jee SH, Ansary-Moghaddam A, Jamrozik K, Ueshima H, Woodward M, Huxley RR. Body-mass index and cancer mortality in the Asia-Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration: pooled analyses of 424 519 participants. Lancet Oncol 2010; 11: 741752.
  • 41
    Hellmann SS, Thygesen LC, Tolstrup JS, Gronbaek M. Modifiable risk factors and survival in women diagnosed with primary breast cancer: results from a prospective cohort study. Eur J Cancer Prev 2010; 19: 36673.
  • 42
    Mandai M, Yamaguchi K, Matsumura N, Baba T, Konishi I. Ovarian cancer in endometriosis: molecular biology, pathology, and clinical management. Int J Clin Oncol 2009; 14: 38391.
  • 43
    Steed H, Chapman W, Laframboise S. Endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer: a clinicopathologic review. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2004; 26: 70915.