We analyzed the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumorsuppressor gene as one of the possible genes mutated in human pancreatic carcinomas. DNAs from 39 surgical specimens were subjected to single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of polymerase chain reaction products and the mutation cluster region (MCR) of the gene was examined. We also examined the same region of DNAs from 27 surgical specimens of sporadic colon carcinomas and detected mutations in 11 carcinomas (41%). This mutation frequency in colon carcinomas was similar to those reported previously. Using this system, we detected a mutated APC gene in one of 39 pancreatic carcinomas. The results indicated that mutation of the MCR in the APC gene is involved in genesis of some of human pancreatic carcinomas, but its frequency is much lower than in colorectal carcinomas.