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Abstract

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on the long arm of chromosome 7 was examined using 5 polymorphic marker probes on 98 gastric carcinomas to elucidate a novel locus for development and progression of the tumors. Twenty-six (32%) of 82 informative cases showed LOH on 7q on at least one locus of 5 loci. Among 5 loci, LOH at D7S95 locus was most frequent, the incidence being 53% in well-differentiated gastric carcinomas and 33% in poorly differentiated and scirrhous gastric carcinomas respectively. At 3 loci, c-met, D7S63 and D7S22, the incidence of LOH was about 30% and 10% in well-differentiated and poorly differentiated gastric carcinoma cases respectively. In contrast, LOH at D7S64 was not detected in any gastric-carcinoma cases. Deletion mapping of 7q revealed that D7S95 locus was the essential region of LOH. Eight (62%) of 13 cases with LOH at D7S95 locus belonged to the most advanced stage grouping. Furthermore, 6 (75%) of 8 cases with abdominal dissemination showed LOH at D7S95. Therefore, cases with LOH at D7S95 showed significantly worse prognosis than the cases without the LOH in the stage-III and stage-IV groups. These findings overall suggest that D7S95 locus on 7q may contain a candidate suppressor gene for the progression of gastric carcinoma.