This study was supported by funds from Syracuse University and a Fulbright Scholarship from the Council on the International Exchange of Scholars to the first author. We thank the families and staff of the No. 63, 68 and 72 Nursery Schools. Ms. Shirley Joseph provided assistance in introducing us to the different communities and the Directors of the Nursery Schools. Gaitree and Neville Budhan provided invaluable support during the course of the study in Guyana.
Regular Empirical Article
Do Guyanese mothers' levels of warmth moderate the association between harshness and justness of physical punishment and preschoolers' prosocial behaviours and anger?
Version of Record online: 20 NOV 2013
© 2013 International Union of Psychological Science
International Journal of Psychology
Volume 49, Issue 4, pages 271–279, August 2014
How to Cite
Roopnarine, J. L., Jin, B. and Krishnakumar, A. (2014), Do Guyanese mothers' levels of warmth moderate the association between harshness and justness of physical punishment and preschoolers' prosocial behaviours and anger?. International Journal of Psych, 49: 271–279. doi: 10.1002/ijop.12029
- Issue online: 2 JUL 2014
- Version of Record online: 20 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 DEC 2012
- Syracuse University
- Council on the International Exchange of Scholars
- Physical punishment;
- Social skills
This study assessed the moderating role of Indo-Guyanese mothers' warmth and affection on the associations between harshness and justness of physical punishment and prosocial behaviours and anger in preschoolers. One hundred and thirty-nine rural Indo-Guyanese mothers filled out Rohner's Parental Acceptance–Rejection (PARQ) and Physical Punishment Questionnaires (PPQ). Teachers provided assessments of children's prosocial behaviours and anger in preschool settings. Maternal warmth did not moderate the relationship between harshness of physical punishment and children's prosocial behaviours and anger, but it did moderate the relationship between justness of physical punishment and prosocial behaviours for sons as well as the association between justness of physical punishment and anger for daughters. In Caribbean societies where harsh punishment is normative, maternal warmth may work more effectively with justness, and not with harshness of physical punishment, to lower negative childhood behavioural outcomes.