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Which emotional regulatory strategy makes Chinese adolescents happier? A longitudinal study

Authors

  • Biao Sang,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Preschool and Special Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
    2. School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
    • Correspondence should be addressed to Biao Sang, School of Preschool and Special Education, East China Normal University, 3663 North Zhongshan Road, Shanghai 200062, China. (E-mail: bsang@psy.ecnu.edu.cn).

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  • Xinmei Deng,

    1. School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
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  • Ziyan Luan

    1. School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
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  • This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation [No.31371043] and the Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science Research Base on Major Projects of China [10JJDXLX001].

Abstract

Growing interest in emotion regulation is reflected in the studies of cognitive and social development. However, the extant studies mainly highlight how emotion regulation develops based on a western value system. This study utilised a longitudinal design to examine the development of emotion regulation and explored the contributions of different regulatory strategies to emotion experience regarding the early adolescent development period in a Chinese population. A total of 303 Chinese adolescents (age range = 10–14 years) were followed up in a three-phase longitudinal study for 3 years. In each phase of the study, participants completed Adolescents Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Daily Emotion Scale. Results of hierarchical linear regressions revealed that Chinese adolescents reported more down-regulation. Down-regulation is more effective than up-regulation in enhancing desirable emotion experience and reducing undesirable emotion experience during adolescents' development. Also, the adaptive functions of emotional regulatory strategies in Chinese background were discussed.

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