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Keywords:

  • immobility;
  • migration;
  • life course;
  • constraints;
  • Sweden

Abstract

This study analyses the impact on mobility of social ties, life-course events and local insider advantages. Empirical analyses are based on a comprehensive data-set covering all movers between the 108 local labour market regions in Sweden in 1994. The empirical investigation is based on individual micro-data from the TOPSWING database, covering the whole Swedish population. The distribution of major events over the life course in the Swedish population is shown. Furthermore, partial effects of regional economic conditions, individual socio-economic conditions, family ties, life-course events, and duration of residence on the probability of staying in a local labour market are estimated using a probit model. The study reveals that age-specific migration propensities are influenced by a variety of conditions. The analysis lends support for the hypothesis that ties to work and family are major determinants of (im-)mobility and that the distribution of various life projects influences the age-specific migration pattern. Furthermore, we see a strong general effect of the previous duration of stay in a place of residence and workplace on the probability of staying, and we regard this as strong empirical evidence of what we call location-specific insider advantages. People who are, in different ways, deeply settled in a geographical area are very likely to be immobile and to remain residents of that region. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.