This project was funded in part by NICHD Grant HD39017 for the St. Petersburg Russian Federation activities and by Whole Child International (Karen Gordon, President) for the Nicaraguan activities. The authors are indebted to Auxiliadora Alvarado, Ian Downing, Juan Diego Rivas, Raquel Suazo, and Karla Urbina for conducting the coding in Managua, to their supervisors Mauricio Gaborit and Marisol Vanegas Guido of the Universities of Central America in San Salvador and Managua, respectively, and to Gabriella Serrano of Whole Child International for logistics management.
A caregiver–child socioemotional and relationship rating scale†
Article first published online: 5 MAR 2010
Copyright © 2010 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health
Infant Mental Health Journal
Volume 31, Issue 2, pages 201–219, March/April 2010
How to Cite
McCall, R. B., Groark, C. J. and Fish, L. (2010), A caregiver–child socioemotional and relationship rating scale. Infant Ment. Health J., 31: 201–219. doi: 10.1002/imhj.20252
- Issue published online: 5 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 5 MAR 2010
This article reports the construction and pilot reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of a new caregiver–child rating scale that emphasizes caregiver–child socioemotional interactions and relationships. While the scale was developed and studied in orphanages for young children, it potentially could be used in nonresidential early care and education settings as well as for parent–child interactions in the home. The intent was to assess a few dimensions that comprehensively cover the range of caregiver–child socioemotional interactions and relationships, by means of a scale that could be administered in a relatively short time period in a variety of situations and would not require extensive coder training, manuals, or materials. Results showed that the scale can be reliably administered even using observation periods as short as 5 min, that inter-rater reliability was acceptable (based on data from two raters working in two orphanages, and five raters working in another), and that ratings of caregivers were similar across different types of caregiving activities (i.e., feeding, dressing/bathing, free play) and for caregivers attending to children birth to 4 and 4 to 8 years of age. In the orphanage context, factor analyses showed that the scale primarily reflects caregiver–child mutual engagement and relationship with subordinate components of caregiver punitiveness and caregiver- versus child-directed behaviors and intrusiveness.