Liver Changes Related to Oocyte Growth in Roach, a Single Spawner Fish, and in Bleak and White Bream, Two Multiple Spawner Fish

Authors

  • Jacques Rinchard,

    1. Unité de Recherche en Biologie des Organismes, Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Eaux Douces, Facultés Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix, 61 rue de Bruxelles, B-5000 Namur, Belgium
    2. Present address: The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Department of Environmental Toxicology, Texas Tech University, Box 41163, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA
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  • Patrick Kestemont

    1. Unité de Recherche en Biologie des Organismes, Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Eaux Douces, Facultés Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix, 61 rue de Bruxelles, B-5000 Namur, Belgium
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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to compare the seasonal hepatic activity and to evaluate whether this activity was related to the dynamics of oocyte recruitment in three cyprinids from the River Meuse (Belgium): the roach Rutilus rutilus as a single spawner, and the bleak Alburnus alburnus and the white bream Blicca bjoerkna as multiple spawners. In roach, hepatosomatic index (HSI) was low during exogenous vitellogenesis. However, the strong development of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), the presence of large mitonchondria with many inner folds, and the depletion of glycogen, lipid droplets and phospholipids indicated intense hepatic activity during that period. Prior to spawning, hepatic activity decreased as indicated by a decrease of the HSI and in the hepatocytes a regression of the RER and the disappearance of the lipid droplets and glycogen. In bleak, the oocyte recruitment occurred continuously throughout the spawning season and the vitellogenic activity of the liver remained intense throughout that period as suggested by high HSI and the ultrastructure of the hepatocytes. In contrast in white bream the vitellogenic activity of the liver decreased during the spawning season as the completion of the vitellogenesis took place prior to spawnings. We concluded that the vitellogenic activity of the liver is strongly related to oogenesis.

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