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Keywords:

  • obestatin;
  • pancreatic β-cells;
  • insulin secretion;
  • white adipose tissue;
  • glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor

Abstract

Obestatin is a 23 amino acid amidated peptide, member of the preproghrelin gene-derived peptides. Initially, obestatin was reported to exert opposite effects to those of ghrelin on food intake and body weight gain, through interaction with GPR39; however, these findings are still strongly debated and obestatin biological role remains largely unknown. Interestingly, binding of obestatin to the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor has been recently suggested. Despite being a controversial peptide, recent findings have clearly indicated that obestatin is indeed a multifunctional peptide, exerting a variety of effects, such as stimulation of cell proliferation, survival and differentiation, influence on glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective actions. Its positive effects on glucose and lipid metabolism candidate this peptide as a potential therapeutic tool in pathological conditions such as insulin resistance and diabetes. © 2013 IUBMB Life, 65(12):976–982, 2013.